Clinical implication and usefulness of de novo EGFR T790M mutation in lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor sensitizing mutation.
EGFR 酪氨酸激酶抑制剂敏感突变肺腺癌中 EGFR T790M 从头突变的临床意义和有用性。
- 作者列表："Lee SH","Kim EY","Kim A","Chang YS
:In total, 102 cases diagnosed as lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) sensitizing mutations (mEGFR) and had been treated with 1st ~ 2nd generation EGFR-TKI alone were enrolled for this study. De novo T790 M status was tested using the tissues at the initial diagnosis and positivity was defined as the ratio of T790 M/wild-type copies over 0.00294 by ddPCR. :Seventy patients (68.6%) harbored the de novo T790 M. De novo T790 M was more frequently detected in cases with EGFR L858 R mutation than those with EGFR exon 19 deletion (E19d) mutations (P = 0.024). Forty-three patients underwent rebiopsy due to disease progression. The cases who experienced progression due to acquired T790 M were more likely to have E19d at initial diagnosis and the presence of de novo T790 M and the ratio of T790 M/wild-type copies did not relate to the emergence of acquired T790 M. On the other hand, the cases with a longer duration of disease-control by EGFR-TKI had higher change to get acquired T790 M mutation (P-value = 0.040). :The presence of de novo T790 M has limitation in predicting disease progression by acquired T790 M, suggesting that identifying de novo T790 M through the ultrasensitive methods may not be necessary identifying patients who would be beneficial by 3rd-generation EGFR-TKI as the 1st line treatment.
: 总共有 102 例诊断为肺腺癌的 EGFR 酪氨酸激酶抑制剂 (TKI) 敏感突变 (mEGFR) 本研究入组了单用第1 ~ 第2 代 EGFR-TKI 治疗的患者。初次诊断时使用组织检测从头 T790 M 状态，阳性定义为 ddPCR 检测 T790 M/野生型拷贝数超过 0.00294 的比率。 : 70 例患者 (68.6%) 窝藏从头 T790 M。De novo T790 M 在 EGFR l858r 突变的病例中比 EGFR 外显子 19 缺失 (E19d) 突变的病例中检测更频繁 (P = 0.024)。43 例患者因疾病进展行再次活检。由于获得性 T790 M 而经历进展的病例在最初诊断时更可能有 E19d，并且存在从头 T790 M 和 T790 M/野生型拷贝的比率没有。与后天 t790m 的出现有关。另一方面，EGFR-TKI 控制疾病时间较长的病例获得获得性 t790m 突变的变化较高 (P 值 = 0.040)。 : 从头 T790 M 的存在对获得性 T790 M 预测疾病进展有局限性,提示通过超灵敏的方法识别从头 T790 M 可能不是必要的，识别第3 代 EGFR-TKI 作为第1 线治疗有益的患者。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis. METHODS:A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. An enoxaparin-free group was identified and included 35 patients who received no enoxaparin prophylaxis after undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection between February 2013 and February 2016. We compared the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels, postoperative 3-day drainage volume, transfusion volume, pulmonary complications and length of stay between the two groups. RESULTS:No differences in postoperative Hb levels, chest drainage volume, transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and length of stay were observed between the two groups. Deep-vein thrombosis was noted in a patient in the enoxaparin-free group. No major bleeding was noted in either group. CONCLUSION:We found that for patients undergoing anatomic resection of primary lung cancer, the blood transfusion and chest drainage volumes did not differ, regardless of whether the patients were given enoxaparin. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of low-molecular-weight heparin on chest tube drainage volume for patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma has not been investigated before.
METHODS::The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of cryoablation (CA) and microwave ablation (MWA) as treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC treated with CA (n=45) or MWA (n=56) were enrolled in the present study. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) time and adverse events (AEs). The median PFS times between the two groups were not significantly different (P=0.36): CA, 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 7.5-12.4] vs. MWA, 11 months (95% CI, 9.5-12.4). The OS times between the two groups were also not significantly different (P=0.07): CA, 27.5 months (95% CI, 22.8-31.2 months) vs. MWA, 18 months (95% CI, 12.5-23.5). For larger tumors (>3 cm), patients treated with MWA had significantly longer median PFS (P=0.04; MWA, 10.5 months vs. CA, 7.0 months) and OS times (P=0.04; MWA, 24.5 months vs. CA, 14.5 months) compared patients treated with CA. However, for smaller tumors (≤3 cm), median PFS (P=0.79; MWA, 11.0 months vs. CA, 13.0 months) and OS times (P=0.39; MWA, 30.0 months vs. CA, 26.5 months) between the two groups did not differ significantly. The incidence rates of AEs were similar in the two groups (P>0.05). The number of applicators, tumor size and length of the lung traversed by applicators were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax and intra-pulmonary hemorrhage in the two groups. Treatment with CA resulted in significantly less intraprocedural pain compared with treatment with MWA (P=0.001). Overall, the present study demonstrated that CA and MWA were comparably safe and effective procedures for the treatment of small tumors. However, treatment with MWA was superior compared with CA for the treatment of large tumors.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:BRAF mutations occurring in 1%-5% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are therapeutic targets for these cancers but the impact of the exact mutation on clinical activity is unclear. The French National Cancer Institute (INCA) launched the AcSé vemurafenib trial to assess the efficacy and safety of vemurafenib in cancers with various BRAF mutations. We herein report the results of the NSCLC cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Tumour samples were screened for BRAF mutations in INCA-certified molecular genetic centres. Patients with BRAF-mutated tumours progressing after ≥1 line of treatment were proposed vemurafenib 960 mg twice daily. Between October 2014 and July 2018, 118 patients were enrolled in the NSCLC cohort. The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR) assessed every 8 weeks (RECIST v1.1). A sequential Bayesian approach was planned with an inefficacy bound of 10% for ORR. If no early stopping occurred, the treatment was of interest if the estimated ORR was ≥30% with a 90% probability. Secondary outcomes were tolerance, response duration, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS:Of the 118 patients enrolled, 101 presented with a BRAFV600 mutation and 17 with BRAFnonV600 mutations; the median follow-up was 23.9 months. In the BRAFnonV600 cohort, no objective response was observed and this cohort was stopped. In the BRAFV600 cohort, 43/96 patients had objective responses. The mean Bayesian estimated success rate was 44.9% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 35.2%-54.8%]. The ORR had a 99.9% probability of being ≥30%. Median response duration was 6.4 months, median PFS was 5.2 months (95% CI 3.8-6.8), and OS was 10 months (95% CI 6.8-15.7). The vemurafenib safety profile was consistent with previous publications. CONCLUSION:Routine biomarker screening of NSCLC should include BRAFV600 mutations. Vemurafenib monotherapy is effective for treating patients with BRAFV600-mutated NSCLC but not those with BRAFnonV600 mutations. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02304809.