- 作者列表："Gupta P","Saha K","Vinarkar S","Banerjee S","Choudhury SS","Parihar M","Midha D","Mukherjee G","Lingegowda D","Chatterjee S","ArunsinghS M","Shrimali R","Ganguly S","Dabkara D","Biswas B","Mishra DK","Arora N
INTRODUCTION:Approximately 35% of NSCLC patients in East Asia have EGFR mutations. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) provides a comprehensive mutational profile in lung cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD:Clinicopathologic characteristics and mutational profiling data was analyzed from nonsmall cell lung carcinoma /Adenocarcinoma over a duration of 42 months (October 2014 to March 2018) using next-generation sequencing Ion Ampliseq Cancer Hotspot panel v2 (Ampliseq, Life Technologies) on the Ion torrent PGM platform. RESULTS:A total of 154 cases were processed during this period. The average number of mutations/case varied from one to four 72.07% (111/154), of these cases had minimum one genetic alteration. The most common mutated gene was TP53 gene (37.6%, n = 58) followed by EGFR (32.4%, n = 50), KRAS (18.18%, n = 28), ERBB2 (3.2%, n = 5), BRAF (1.94%, n = 3). EGFR positivity was more in females (43.3%) and non-smokers (52.08%) in comparison to males (26.7%) and smokers (16.1%). CONCLUSION:In this paper, we have described the comprehensive mutational profiling of a large cohort of advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients from the eastern part of India. To the best of our knowledge, this is one of the largest studies from the country describing mutations in BRAF, ERBB2, TP53 genes and their clinicopathologic/histopathologic associations in lung cancers.
简介: 东亚地区大约有 35% 的 NSCLC 患者存在 EGFR 突变。新一代测序 (NGS) 在肺癌患者中提供了全面的突变特征。 材料和方法: 分析 42 个月 (2014 年 10 月至 2018 年 3 月) 期间非小细胞肺癌/腺癌的临床病理特征和突变特征数据在 Ion torrent PGM 平台上使用新一代测序 Ion amplieseq Cancer Hotspot panel v2 (amplieseq，Life Technologies)。 结果: 在此期间共处理 154 例。突变/病例的平均数量从 1 个变化到 4 个 72.07% (111/154)，其中至少有一个遗传改变。最常见的突变基因是 TP53 基因 (37.6%，n = 58)，其次是 EGFR (32.4%，n = 50) 、 KRAS (18.18%，n = 28) 、 ERBB2 (3.2%，n = 5)，BRAF (1.94%，n = 3)。与男性 (43.3%) 和吸烟者 (52.08%) 相比，女性 (26.7%) 和不吸烟者 (16.1%) 的 EGFR 阳性率更高。 结论: 在本文中，我们描述了来自印度东部的一个大型晚期肺腺癌患者队列的综合突变特征。据我们所知，这是来自该国描述肺癌中 BRAF 、 ERBB2 、 TP53 基因突变及其临床病理/组织病理学相关性的最大研究之一。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis. METHODS:A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. An enoxaparin-free group was identified and included 35 patients who received no enoxaparin prophylaxis after undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection between February 2013 and February 2016. We compared the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels, postoperative 3-day drainage volume, transfusion volume, pulmonary complications and length of stay between the two groups. RESULTS:No differences in postoperative Hb levels, chest drainage volume, transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and length of stay were observed between the two groups. Deep-vein thrombosis was noted in a patient in the enoxaparin-free group. No major bleeding was noted in either group. CONCLUSION:We found that for patients undergoing anatomic resection of primary lung cancer, the blood transfusion and chest drainage volumes did not differ, regardless of whether the patients were given enoxaparin. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of low-molecular-weight heparin on chest tube drainage volume for patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma has not been investigated before.
METHODS::The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of cryoablation (CA) and microwave ablation (MWA) as treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC treated with CA (n=45) or MWA (n=56) were enrolled in the present study. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) time and adverse events (AEs). The median PFS times between the two groups were not significantly different (P=0.36): CA, 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 7.5-12.4] vs. MWA, 11 months (95% CI, 9.5-12.4). The OS times between the two groups were also not significantly different (P=0.07): CA, 27.5 months (95% CI, 22.8-31.2 months) vs. MWA, 18 months (95% CI, 12.5-23.5). For larger tumors (>3 cm), patients treated with MWA had significantly longer median PFS (P=0.04; MWA, 10.5 months vs. CA, 7.0 months) and OS times (P=0.04; MWA, 24.5 months vs. CA, 14.5 months) compared patients treated with CA. However, for smaller tumors (≤3 cm), median PFS (P=0.79; MWA, 11.0 months vs. CA, 13.0 months) and OS times (P=0.39; MWA, 30.0 months vs. CA, 26.5 months) between the two groups did not differ significantly. The incidence rates of AEs were similar in the two groups (P>0.05). The number of applicators, tumor size and length of the lung traversed by applicators were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax and intra-pulmonary hemorrhage in the two groups. Treatment with CA resulted in significantly less intraprocedural pain compared with treatment with MWA (P=0.001). Overall, the present study demonstrated that CA and MWA were comparably safe and effective procedures for the treatment of small tumors. However, treatment with MWA was superior compared with CA for the treatment of large tumors.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:BRAF mutations occurring in 1%-5% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are therapeutic targets for these cancers but the impact of the exact mutation on clinical activity is unclear. The French National Cancer Institute (INCA) launched the AcSé vemurafenib trial to assess the efficacy and safety of vemurafenib in cancers with various BRAF mutations. We herein report the results of the NSCLC cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Tumour samples were screened for BRAF mutations in INCA-certified molecular genetic centres. Patients with BRAF-mutated tumours progressing after ≥1 line of treatment were proposed vemurafenib 960 mg twice daily. Between October 2014 and July 2018, 118 patients were enrolled in the NSCLC cohort. The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR) assessed every 8 weeks (RECIST v1.1). A sequential Bayesian approach was planned with an inefficacy bound of 10% for ORR. If no early stopping occurred, the treatment was of interest if the estimated ORR was ≥30% with a 90% probability. Secondary outcomes were tolerance, response duration, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS:Of the 118 patients enrolled, 101 presented with a BRAFV600 mutation and 17 with BRAFnonV600 mutations; the median follow-up was 23.9 months. In the BRAFnonV600 cohort, no objective response was observed and this cohort was stopped. In the BRAFV600 cohort, 43/96 patients had objective responses. The mean Bayesian estimated success rate was 44.9% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 35.2%-54.8%]. The ORR had a 99.9% probability of being ≥30%. Median response duration was 6.4 months, median PFS was 5.2 months (95% CI 3.8-6.8), and OS was 10 months (95% CI 6.8-15.7). The vemurafenib safety profile was consistent with previous publications. CONCLUSION:Routine biomarker screening of NSCLC should include BRAFV600 mutations. Vemurafenib monotherapy is effective for treating patients with BRAFV600-mutated NSCLC but not those with BRAFnonV600 mutations. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02304809.