Long Non-Coding RNA SLC25A21-AS1 Promotes Multidrug Resistance in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma by Regulating miR-324-3p/IL-6 Axis.
长链非编码 RNA SLC25A21-AS1 通过调控 miR-324-3p/IL-6 轴促进鼻咽癌多药耐药
- 作者列表："Wang X","Wang C","Xu H","Xie H
Background:Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), one of the most common types of head and neck tumor, occurred in the epithelial lining of the nasopharynx and is mainly prevalent in Southeast Asia and Southern China. However, the molecular mechanisms of NPC multidrug resistance still remained largely unclear. Methods:The qRT-PCR assay was performed to examine SLC25A21-AS1, miR-324-3p and IL-6 expression in NPC tissues and cell. The CCK8 assay and colony formation assay were used to detect cell growth. In addition, CCK8 assay was performed to detect IC50 values of different drugs in NPC cell. Results:In this study, we found that SLC25A21-AS1 expression was increased in NPC tissues and cell line, and knockdown of SLC25A21-AS1 inhibited cell growth and MDR in NPC cell. Moreover, SLC25A21-AS1 acted as a ceRNA for miR-324-3p and facilitates NPC cell growth and MDR by regulating the miR-324-3p/IL-6 axis. Conclusion:Our findings demonstrated the role of SLC25A21-AS1/miR-324-3p/IL-6 axis in cell growth and MDR in NPC, which might be a potential prognostic and diagnostic marker in NPC patients and provide new insight into the molecular mechanism of MDR in NPC chemotherapy.
背景: 鼻咽癌 (NPC) 是头颈部最常见的肿瘤之一，发生于鼻咽上皮衬里，主要流行于东南亚和中国南方。然而，鼻咽癌多药耐药的分子机制仍不十分清楚。 方法: 采用 qRT-PCR 方法检测鼻咽癌组织和细胞中 SLC25A21-AS1 、 miR-324-3p 和 IL-6 的表达。采用 CCK8 试验和集落形成试验检测细胞生长。此外，采用 CCK8 法检测不同药物在 NPC 细胞中的 IC50 值。 结果: 在本研究中，我们发现 SLC25A21-AS1 在 NPC 组织和细胞系中表达增加，并且敲除 SLC25A21-AS1 抑制 NPC 细胞的生长和 MDR。此外，SLC25A21-AS1 作为 miR-324-3p 的 ceRNA，通过调节 miR-324-3p/IL-6 轴促进 NPC 细胞生长和 MDR。 结论: 我们的研究结果证明了 SLC25A21-AS1/miR-324-3p/IL-6 轴在鼻咽癌细胞生长和 MDR 中的作用。这可能是一个潜在的预后和诊断指标，并为鼻咽癌化疗中 MDR 的分子机制提供新的见解。
METHODS:INTRODUCTION:Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection and is associated with several types of cancer. The number of cases of HPV-associated head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs), especially oropharyngeal carcinomas, has increased significantly in recent years despite decreased tobacco smoking rates. Currently, no data concerning the risk factors and prevalence of HPV in HNSCC patients in all regions of Brazil are available, making it difficult to promote advances in this field of public health. Therefore, our goal is to determine the impact of infection by HPV, including HPVs with different genotypes, on head and neck cancer and the risk factors associated with the development of head and neck cancer in all regions of Brazil. METHODS AND ANALYSIS:This is a case-control study that will include 622 patients and 622 controls from all regions of Brazil. A questionnaire will be applied to gather information on sociodemographic, behavioural and health factors. Oral, cervical or penile/scrotal, and anal specimens and serum samples will be collected from all participants. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue from tumour biopsies will be analysed only in the case group. Molecular and serological analyses will be performed to evaluate the presence and role of HPV in the development of head and neck cancer. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION:This project was approved by the research ethical committee of the proposing institution (Hospital Moinhos de Vento, number 2.852.060). Ethical approval from the collaborators is currently under evaluation and is not yet complete. The results of this study will be presented at meetings with the Brazilian Ministry of Health through technical reports and to the scientific community at national and international events, with subsequent publication of scientific articles.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Factors related to head and neck cancer and the treatment of the disease can affect quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with the severity of impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in survivors of head and neck cancer using a multivariate analysis. METHODS:This cross-sectional study evaluated 90 volunteers who had completed radiotherapy at least 3 months earlier. OHRQoL was assessed using oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) and the data were analyzed using robust variance poisson regression models. RESULTS:The mean total OHIP-14 score was 23.98 ± 12.55. Patients with hyposalivation had 56% higher (worse) mean OHIP-14 total scores (CI:1.11-2.18) and patients with advanced stage tumors had 31% higher mean OHIP-14 total scores (CI:1.03-1.66) in multivariate analyses. CONCLUSION:OHRQoL of survivors of head and neck cancer experienced a negative impact following radiotherapy. The impact was associated with hyposalivation and advanced stage tumors.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:To immunohistochemically evaluate the association between the presence of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and the tumour expression of podoplanin (PDPN) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and their association with clinicopathological variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A tissue microarray (TMA) with biopsy sections from patients diagnosed with HNSCC was stained with antibodies against the CAFs marker, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and PDPN. We subsequently evaluated their expression to determine the association between them and with clinicopathological variables including age, primary tumour site, TNM stage, and tumour differentiation grade. RESULTS:Positive reaction to α-SMA was observed in the tumour stroma, revealing spindle-shaped cells compatible with CAFs, which showed a high expression in 62% of cases and a significant association with laryngeal carcinomas, advanced clinical stages, and lower tumour differentiation (P ≤ 0.05). PDPN staining on tumour cells showed low expression in 72% of cases, and it was not associated with any clinicopathological variable or with the presence of CAFs. CONCLUSIONS:The presence of CAFs in the tumour stroma is related to an aggressive phenotype and could increase as the disease progresses, although based on our findings, it would have no relationship, at least directly, with the expression of PDPN.