NSAS-BC02 substudy of chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea (CIA) in premenopausal patients who received either taxane alone or doxorubicin(A) cyclophosphamide(C) followed by taxane as postoperative chemotherapy.
NSAS-BC02 接受单用紫杉烷或多柔比星 (A) 环磷酰胺 (C) 后紫杉烷作为术后化疗的绝经前患者化疗诱导闭经 (CIA) 的亚组研究。
- 作者列表："Iwamoto T","Hara F","Uemura Y","Mukai H","Watanabe T","Ohashi Y
BACKGROUND:Chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea (CIA) is one of the critical side effects from the chemotherapy in premenopausal patients with breast cancer. The goals of our study are the following: (1) to investigate the factors affecting the incidence of CIA; and (2) to evaluate the prognostic role of CIA in premenopausal patients with breast cancer. METHODS:We conducted a post hoc retrospective substudy to examine the incidence of the CIA and the relationship between CIA and prognosis in NSAS-BC02 that compared taxane alone to Doxorubicin(A) Cyclophosphamide(C) followed by taxane in postoperative patients with node-positive breast cancer RESULTS: Of 395 premenopausal women, 287 (72.7%) had CIA due to protocol treatment. Regarding type of protocol regimen, proportion of CIA was 76.9% in AC Paclitaxel(P), 75.2% in AC Docetaxel(D), 62.8% in PTX, and 75.2% in DTX. Predictive factors of CIA were age increase by 5 years (OR 1.50), ER positivity (OR 2.08), and HER2 3 + ( OR 0.40) according to logistic regression analysis. According to the log rank test and the Cox proportional hazards model, CIA group had significantly better disease-free survival than non-CIA group (P < .0001). However, according to time-dependent Cox model that was used to reduce guarantee-time bias, CIA was not a statistically significant prognostic factor in both ER-positive and ER-negative patients. CONCLUSION:Treatment with taxane alone caused high frequency of CIA in premenopausal women with breast cancer. CIA did not turn out to be an independent prognostic factor, taking guarantee-time bias into consideration. Further clinical studies are needed to validate these findings.
背景: 化疗引起的闭经 (CIA) 是绝经前乳腺癌患者化疗的关键副作用之一。我们研究的目的如下 :( 1) 探讨影响 CIA 发病的因素; (2) 评估 CIA 在绝经前乳腺癌患者中的预后作用。 方法: 我们进行了一项事后回顾性子研究，以检查比较单用紫杉烷与多柔比星 (a) 环磷酰胺 (C) 的 NSAS-BC02 中 CIA 的发生率以及 CIA 与预后之间的关系。术后淋巴结阳性乳腺癌患者接受紫杉烷治疗结果: 395 例绝经前女性中，287 例 (72.7%) 因方案治疗而发生 CIA。关于方案方案类型，AC 紫杉醇 (P) 中 CIA 的比例为 76.9%，AC 多西他赛 (D) 为 75.2%，PTX 为 62.8%，DTX 为 75.2%。根据 logistic 回归分析，CIA 的预测因素为年龄增加 5 岁 (OR 1.50) 、 ER 阳性 (OR 2.08) 和 HER2 3 + + (OR 0.40)。经 log-rank 检验和 Cox 比例风险模型检验，CIA 组的无病生存率明显高于非 CIA 组 (p <.0001)。然而，根据用于减少保证时间偏倚的时间依赖性 Cox 模型，在 ER 阳性和 ER 阴性患者中，CIA 都不是统计学显著的预后因素。 结论: 单用紫杉烷治疗绝经前乳腺癌患者发生 CIA 的频率较高。考虑到保证时间偏差，CIA 并不是一个独立的预后因素。需要进一步的临床研究来验证这些发现。
METHODS::The emerging significance of the bitter taste receptors (T2Rs) role in the extraoral tissues alludes to their potential role in many pathophysiological conditions. The dysregulation of T2R expression and function in disease conditions has now been demonstrated in airways diseases, neurological disorders, and in some cancers. However, the role of T2Rs in the pathophysiology of breast cancer is unexplored thus far. Previously, we demonstrated differential expression of the 25 T2Rs in breast cancer (BC) cells. Based on our previous findings we selected two T2Rs, T2R4 and T2R14 for this work. The objective of the current study is to investigate the expression of T2R4 and T2R14 in BC clinical samples and to examine their physiological role using highly metastatic BC and non-cancerous cell lines. Using approaches, which involve receptor knockdown, pharmacological activation and biochemical assays we report that (i) T2R4 and T2R14 expression patterns are dissimilar, with decreased levels of T2R4 and increased levels of T2R14 in BC clinical samples compared to non-cancerous controls. (ii) Activation of T2Rs with their respective agonist elicited physiological responses in metastatic breast cancer cells, and no responses were seen in non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cells. (iii) Agonist activation of T2Rs (irrespective of T2R subtype) induced anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and anti-migratory responses in highly metastatic breast cancer cells. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the chemosensory T2R signaling network is involved in evoking physiological responses in the metastatic breast cancer cell line.
METHODS::RAD50 is commonly depleted in basal-like breast cancer with concomitant absence of INPP4B and several tumor suppressors such as BRCA1 and TP53. Our previous study revealed that INPP4B and RAD50 interact and such an interaction is associated with breast cancer survival at the transcriptional, translational and genomic levels. In the present study, we explored single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of these two genes that have synergistic effects on breast cancer survival to decipher mechanisms driving their interactions at the genetic level. The Cox's proportional hazards model was used to test whether SNPs of these two genes are interactively associated with breast cancer survival, following expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis and functional investigations. Our study revealed two disease-associating blocks, each encompassing five and two non-linkage disequilibrium linked SNPs of INPP4B and RAD50, respectively. Concomitant presence of any rare homozygote from each disease-associating block is synergistically prognostic of poor breast cancer survival. Such synergy is mediated via bypassing pathways controlling cell proliferation and DNA damage repair, which are represented by INPP4B and RAD50. Our study provided genetic evidence of interactions between INPP4B and RAD50, and deepened our understandings on the orchestrated genetic machinery governing tumor progression.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Increased usage of genomic risk assessment assays suggests increased reliance on data provided by these assays to guide therapy decisions. The current study aimed to assess the change in treatment decision and physician confidence based on the 70-gene risk of recurrence signature (70-GS, MammaPrint) and the 80-gene molecular subtype signature (80-GS, BluePrint) in early stage breast cancer patients. METHODS:IMPACt, a prospective, case-only study, enrolled 452 patients between November 2015 and August 2017. The primary objective population included 358 patients with stage I-II, hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The recommended treatment plan and physician confidence were captured before and after receiving results for 70-GS and 80-GS. Treatment was started after obtaining results. The distribution of 70-GS High Risk (HR) and Low Risk (LR) patients was evaluated, in addition to the distribution of 80-GS compared to IHC status. RESULTS:The 70-GS classified 62.5% (n = 224/358) of patients as LR and 37.5% (n = 134/358) as HR. Treatment decisions were changed for 24.0% (n = 86/358) of patients after receiving 70-GS and 80-GS results. Of the LR patients initially prescribed CT, 71.0% (44/62) had CT removed from their treatment recommendation. Of the HR patients not initially prescribed CT, 65.1% (41/63) had CT added. After receiving 70-GS results, CT was included in 83.6% (n = 112/134) of 70-GS HR patient treatment plans, and 91.5% (n = 205/224) of 70-GS LR patient treatment plans did not include CT. For patients who disagreed with the treatment recommended by their physicians, most (94.1%, n = 16/17) elected not to receive CT when it was recommended. For patients whose physician-recommended treatment plan was discordant with 70-GS results, discordance was significantly associated with age and lymph node status. CONCLUSIONS:The IMPACt trial showed that treatment plans were 88.5% (n = 317/358) in agreement with 70-GS results, indicating that physicians make treatment decisions in clinical practice based on the 70-GS result. In clinically high risk, 70-GS Low Risk patients, there was a 60.0% reduction in treatment recommendations that include CT. Additionally, physicians reported having greater confidence in treatment decisions for their patients in 72% (n = 258/358) of cases after receiving 70-GS results. TRIAL REGISTRATION:"Measuring the Impact of MammaPrint on Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Treatment in Breast Cancer Patients: A Prospective Registry" (NCT02670577) retrospectively registered on Jan 27, 2016.