Cumulative incidence of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity during a 2-year follow-up period in breast cancer patients.
乳腺癌患者 2 年随访期间化疗引起的心脏毒性的累积发生率。
- 作者列表："Cho H","Lee S","Sim SH","Park IH","Lee KS","Kwak MH","Kim HJ
PURPOSE:Cardiotoxicities are adverse effects often reported in chemotherapy-treated breast cancer patients. This study evaluated the potential risk factors and cumulative incidence of doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in Korean breast cancer patients. METHODS:We retrospectively analyzed the data of 613 breast cancer patients who underwent a multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiography prior to chemotherapy and at least one post-chemotherapy follow-up MUGA scan/echocardiography between 2007 and 2016 at National Cancer Center, Korea. The Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate cardiotoxicity risks. Competing risks analyses were performed to estimate cumulative incidence of cardiotoxicity. RESULTS:Risk factors associated with cardiotoxicity within 2 years of doxorubicin administration included age [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) = 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.00-1.04; p = 0.05], metastasis (aHR = 2.66; 95% CI 1.36-5.20; p < 0.01), and concomitant trastuzumab (aHR = 4.08; 95% CI 2.31-7.21; p < 0.01). The cumulative incidence of patients with cardiotoxicity was 6.1% at 2 years (without substantial change from about 9 months)and 20.2% at 2 years (without substantial change from about 15 months) after initiation of doxorubicin-containing therapy without and with trastuzumab, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:Susceptibility to chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity within 2 years of doxorubicin initiation in breast cancer patients was elevated with old age, metastasis, and concomitant trastuzumab. Regular imaging monitoring at least up to 9 months after doxorubicin initiation in patients treated without concomitant trastuzumab, and 15 months in patients treated with concomitant trastuzumab, is needed for early detection of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity.
目的: 心脏毒性是化疗治疗的乳腺癌患者经常报告的不良反应。本研究评估了韩国乳腺癌患者多柔比星诱导心脏毒性的潜在危险因素和累积发生率。 方法: 我们回顾性分析了 613 例接受多门控采集 (MUGA) 的乳腺癌患者的数据。韩国国家癌症中心 2007 年至 2016 年化疗前扫描或超声心动图检查和至少一次化疗后随访 MUGA 扫描/超声心动图检查。Cox 比例风险模型用于评估心脏毒性风险。进行竞争风险分析以估计心脏毒性的累积发生率。 结果: 服用多柔比星 2 年内与心脏毒性相关的危险因素包括年龄 [校正危险比 (aHR) = 1.02，95% 置信区间 (CI) 1.00-1.04; P = 0.05] 、转移 (ahr = 2.66; 95% CI 1.36-5.20; P <0.01) 和同期曲妥珠单抗 (ahr = 4.08; 95% CI 2.31-7.21; P <0.01)。2 年时心脏毒性患者的累积发生率为 6.1% (约 9 个月无实质性变化)，2 年时为 20.2% (约 15 个月无实质性变化) 分别在不使用曲妥珠单抗和使用曲妥珠单抗的含多柔比星治疗开始后。 结论: 乳腺癌患者开始多柔比星后 2 年内对化疗引起的心脏毒性的易感性随着年龄的增长、转移和伴随曲妥珠单抗的增加而升高。对于未合并曲妥珠单抗治疗的患者，阿霉素开始治疗后至少 9 个月以及合并曲妥珠单抗治疗的患者，需要定期进行影像学监测，以早期发现化疗引起的心脏毒性。
METHODS::The emerging significance of the bitter taste receptors (T2Rs) role in the extraoral tissues alludes to their potential role in many pathophysiological conditions. The dysregulation of T2R expression and function in disease conditions has now been demonstrated in airways diseases, neurological disorders, and in some cancers. However, the role of T2Rs in the pathophysiology of breast cancer is unexplored thus far. Previously, we demonstrated differential expression of the 25 T2Rs in breast cancer (BC) cells. Based on our previous findings we selected two T2Rs, T2R4 and T2R14 for this work. The objective of the current study is to investigate the expression of T2R4 and T2R14 in BC clinical samples and to examine their physiological role using highly metastatic BC and non-cancerous cell lines. Using approaches, which involve receptor knockdown, pharmacological activation and biochemical assays we report that (i) T2R4 and T2R14 expression patterns are dissimilar, with decreased levels of T2R4 and increased levels of T2R14 in BC clinical samples compared to non-cancerous controls. (ii) Activation of T2Rs with their respective agonist elicited physiological responses in metastatic breast cancer cells, and no responses were seen in non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cells. (iii) Agonist activation of T2Rs (irrespective of T2R subtype) induced anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and anti-migratory responses in highly metastatic breast cancer cells. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the chemosensory T2R signaling network is involved in evoking physiological responses in the metastatic breast cancer cell line.
METHODS::RAD50 is commonly depleted in basal-like breast cancer with concomitant absence of INPP4B and several tumor suppressors such as BRCA1 and TP53. Our previous study revealed that INPP4B and RAD50 interact and such an interaction is associated with breast cancer survival at the transcriptional, translational and genomic levels. In the present study, we explored single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of these two genes that have synergistic effects on breast cancer survival to decipher mechanisms driving their interactions at the genetic level. The Cox's proportional hazards model was used to test whether SNPs of these two genes are interactively associated with breast cancer survival, following expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis and functional investigations. Our study revealed two disease-associating blocks, each encompassing five and two non-linkage disequilibrium linked SNPs of INPP4B and RAD50, respectively. Concomitant presence of any rare homozygote from each disease-associating block is synergistically prognostic of poor breast cancer survival. Such synergy is mediated via bypassing pathways controlling cell proliferation and DNA damage repair, which are represented by INPP4B and RAD50. Our study provided genetic evidence of interactions between INPP4B and RAD50, and deepened our understandings on the orchestrated genetic machinery governing tumor progression.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Increased usage of genomic risk assessment assays suggests increased reliance on data provided by these assays to guide therapy decisions. The current study aimed to assess the change in treatment decision and physician confidence based on the 70-gene risk of recurrence signature (70-GS, MammaPrint) and the 80-gene molecular subtype signature (80-GS, BluePrint) in early stage breast cancer patients. METHODS:IMPACt, a prospective, case-only study, enrolled 452 patients between November 2015 and August 2017. The primary objective population included 358 patients with stage I-II, hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The recommended treatment plan and physician confidence were captured before and after receiving results for 70-GS and 80-GS. Treatment was started after obtaining results. The distribution of 70-GS High Risk (HR) and Low Risk (LR) patients was evaluated, in addition to the distribution of 80-GS compared to IHC status. RESULTS:The 70-GS classified 62.5% (n = 224/358) of patients as LR and 37.5% (n = 134/358) as HR. Treatment decisions were changed for 24.0% (n = 86/358) of patients after receiving 70-GS and 80-GS results. Of the LR patients initially prescribed CT, 71.0% (44/62) had CT removed from their treatment recommendation. Of the HR patients not initially prescribed CT, 65.1% (41/63) had CT added. After receiving 70-GS results, CT was included in 83.6% (n = 112/134) of 70-GS HR patient treatment plans, and 91.5% (n = 205/224) of 70-GS LR patient treatment plans did not include CT. For patients who disagreed with the treatment recommended by their physicians, most (94.1%, n = 16/17) elected not to receive CT when it was recommended. For patients whose physician-recommended treatment plan was discordant with 70-GS results, discordance was significantly associated with age and lymph node status. CONCLUSIONS:The IMPACt trial showed that treatment plans were 88.5% (n = 317/358) in agreement with 70-GS results, indicating that physicians make treatment decisions in clinical practice based on the 70-GS result. In clinically high risk, 70-GS Low Risk patients, there was a 60.0% reduction in treatment recommendations that include CT. Additionally, physicians reported having greater confidence in treatment decisions for their patients in 72% (n = 258/358) of cases after receiving 70-GS results. TRIAL REGISTRATION:"Measuring the Impact of MammaPrint on Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Treatment in Breast Cancer Patients: A Prospective Registry" (NCT02670577) retrospectively registered on Jan 27, 2016.