Risk factors for skeletal-related events in patients with bone metastasis from breast cancer undergoing treatment with zoledronate.
- 作者列表："Miyashita H","Cruz C","Malamud S
BACKGROUND:Skeletal-related events (SREs) are significant contributors to the morbidity and mortality in patients with bone metastasis from breast cancer. Thus, bone-modifying agents (BMAs) are recommended in this population. However, the baseline risk factors of SREs in patients with bone metastasis from breast cancer receiving BMAs are not well understood. METHODS:We analyzed the patient-level data from a controlled arm of a clinical trial comparing denosumab with zoledronate in patients with bone metastases from breast cancer (ClinicalTrial.gov ID: NCT00321464) available at Project Data Sphere, a broad-access research platform that collects and curates patient-level data from completed, phase III cancer trials. The primary endpoint was the first SRE after the inclusion to the trial. The time to the first on study SRE was analyzed using Cox proportional hazards model based on patients' baseline characteristics including age, race, ECOG performance status (PS), histology and immunohistochemistry of breast cancer, and urine and serum laboratory data. RESULTS:Among 756 patients in the zoledronate arm of the trial, we excluded 64 patients with a documented history of osteopenia or osteoporosis. The median age of the patients was 56 years old, the median follow-up was 553 days, and 249 patients (36%) had SREs. The univariate analysis showed that black or African American heritage, ECOG PS > 0, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positivity, high urine N-telopeptide cross-links / creatinine ratio (NTx/Cre), and elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are significant baseline risk factors for SREs. Patients with the characteristics of ECOG PS > 0, HER2 positivity, and elevated ALP also showed a significantly higher hazard ratio of SREs in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS:We determined risk factors for SREs in patients with bone metastasis from breast cancer.
背景: 骨相关事件 (SREs) 是乳腺癌骨转移患者发病率和死亡率的重要因素。因此，骨修复剂 (bma) 被推荐在这个人群中。然而，接受 BMAs 的乳腺癌骨转移患者 SREs 的基线危险因素还不是很清楚。 方法: 我们分析了一项比较 denosumab 与唑来膦酸治疗乳腺癌骨转移患者的临床试验的对照组的患者水平数据 (ClinicalTrial.gov ID: NCT00321464) project Data Sphere 是一个广泛访问的研究平台，可从已完成的 III 期癌症试验中收集和整理患者水平的数据。主要终点是纳入试验后的第一个 SRE。根据患者的基线特征 (包括年龄、种族、 ECOG 表现状态 (PS) 、乳腺癌的组织学和免疫组织化学)，使用 Cox 比例风险模型分析首次 on 研究 SRE 的时间,以及尿液和血清实验室数据。 结果: 在该试验的 756 例唑来膦酸组患者中，我们排除了 64 例有骨量减少或骨质疏松症病史的患者。患者的中位年龄为 56 岁，中位随访时间为 553 天，249 例 (36%) 患者患有 SREs。单因素分析显示，黑人或非裔美国人血统，ECOG ps> 0，人表皮生长因子受体 2 (HER2) 阳性,高尿 N-端肽交联/肌酐比值 (NTx/Cre) 和血清碱性磷酸酶 (ALP) 升高是 SREs 的显著基线危险因素。具有 ECOG ps> 0 、 HER2 阳性和 ALP 升高特征的患者在多变量分析中也显示 SREs 的风险比显著较高。 结论: 我们确定了乳腺癌骨转移患者发生 SREs 的危险因素。
METHODS::The emerging significance of the bitter taste receptors (T2Rs) role in the extraoral tissues alludes to their potential role in many pathophysiological conditions. The dysregulation of T2R expression and function in disease conditions has now been demonstrated in airways diseases, neurological disorders, and in some cancers. However, the role of T2Rs in the pathophysiology of breast cancer is unexplored thus far. Previously, we demonstrated differential expression of the 25 T2Rs in breast cancer (BC) cells. Based on our previous findings we selected two T2Rs, T2R4 and T2R14 for this work. The objective of the current study is to investigate the expression of T2R4 and T2R14 in BC clinical samples and to examine their physiological role using highly metastatic BC and non-cancerous cell lines. Using approaches, which involve receptor knockdown, pharmacological activation and biochemical assays we report that (i) T2R4 and T2R14 expression patterns are dissimilar, with decreased levels of T2R4 and increased levels of T2R14 in BC clinical samples compared to non-cancerous controls. (ii) Activation of T2Rs with their respective agonist elicited physiological responses in metastatic breast cancer cells, and no responses were seen in non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cells. (iii) Agonist activation of T2Rs (irrespective of T2R subtype) induced anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and anti-migratory responses in highly metastatic breast cancer cells. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the chemosensory T2R signaling network is involved in evoking physiological responses in the metastatic breast cancer cell line.
METHODS::RAD50 is commonly depleted in basal-like breast cancer with concomitant absence of INPP4B and several tumor suppressors such as BRCA1 and TP53. Our previous study revealed that INPP4B and RAD50 interact and such an interaction is associated with breast cancer survival at the transcriptional, translational and genomic levels. In the present study, we explored single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of these two genes that have synergistic effects on breast cancer survival to decipher mechanisms driving their interactions at the genetic level. The Cox's proportional hazards model was used to test whether SNPs of these two genes are interactively associated with breast cancer survival, following expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis and functional investigations. Our study revealed two disease-associating blocks, each encompassing five and two non-linkage disequilibrium linked SNPs of INPP4B and RAD50, respectively. Concomitant presence of any rare homozygote from each disease-associating block is synergistically prognostic of poor breast cancer survival. Such synergy is mediated via bypassing pathways controlling cell proliferation and DNA damage repair, which are represented by INPP4B and RAD50. Our study provided genetic evidence of interactions between INPP4B and RAD50, and deepened our understandings on the orchestrated genetic machinery governing tumor progression.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Increased usage of genomic risk assessment assays suggests increased reliance on data provided by these assays to guide therapy decisions. The current study aimed to assess the change in treatment decision and physician confidence based on the 70-gene risk of recurrence signature (70-GS, MammaPrint) and the 80-gene molecular subtype signature (80-GS, BluePrint) in early stage breast cancer patients. METHODS:IMPACt, a prospective, case-only study, enrolled 452 patients between November 2015 and August 2017. The primary objective population included 358 patients with stage I-II, hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The recommended treatment plan and physician confidence were captured before and after receiving results for 70-GS and 80-GS. Treatment was started after obtaining results. The distribution of 70-GS High Risk (HR) and Low Risk (LR) patients was evaluated, in addition to the distribution of 80-GS compared to IHC status. RESULTS:The 70-GS classified 62.5% (n = 224/358) of patients as LR and 37.5% (n = 134/358) as HR. Treatment decisions were changed for 24.0% (n = 86/358) of patients after receiving 70-GS and 80-GS results. Of the LR patients initially prescribed CT, 71.0% (44/62) had CT removed from their treatment recommendation. Of the HR patients not initially prescribed CT, 65.1% (41/63) had CT added. After receiving 70-GS results, CT was included in 83.6% (n = 112/134) of 70-GS HR patient treatment plans, and 91.5% (n = 205/224) of 70-GS LR patient treatment plans did not include CT. For patients who disagreed with the treatment recommended by their physicians, most (94.1%, n = 16/17) elected not to receive CT when it was recommended. For patients whose physician-recommended treatment plan was discordant with 70-GS results, discordance was significantly associated with age and lymph node status. CONCLUSIONS:The IMPACt trial showed that treatment plans were 88.5% (n = 317/358) in agreement with 70-GS results, indicating that physicians make treatment decisions in clinical practice based on the 70-GS result. In clinically high risk, 70-GS Low Risk patients, there was a 60.0% reduction in treatment recommendations that include CT. Additionally, physicians reported having greater confidence in treatment decisions for their patients in 72% (n = 258/358) of cases after receiving 70-GS results. TRIAL REGISTRATION:"Measuring the Impact of MammaPrint on Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Treatment in Breast Cancer Patients: A Prospective Registry" (NCT02670577) retrospectively registered on Jan 27, 2016.