Biotin and glucose dual-targeting, ligand-modified liposomes promote breast tumor-specific drug delivery.
- 作者列表："Huang M","Pu Y","Peng Y","Fu Q","Guo L","Wu Y","Zheng Y
:Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women. Ligand-modified liposomes are used for breast tumor-specific drug delivery to improve the efficacy and reduce the side effects of chemotherapy; however, only a few liposomes with high targeting efficiency have been developed because the mono-targeting, ligand-modified liposomes are generally unable to deliver an adequate therapeutic dose. In this study, we designed biotin-glucose branched ligand-modified, dual-targeting liposomes (Bio-Glu-Lip) and evaluated their potential as a targeted chemotherapy delivery system in vitro and in vivo. When compared with the non-targeting liposome (Lip), Bio-Lip, and Glu-Lip, Bio-Glu-Lip had the highest cell uptake in 4T1 cells (3.00-fold, 1.60-fold, and 1.95-fold higher, respectively) and in MCF-7 cells (2.63-fold, 1.63-fold, and 1.85-fold higher, respectively). The subsequent cytotoxicity and in vivo assays further supported the dual-targeting liposome is a promising drug delivery carrier for the treatment of breast cancer.
: 乳腺癌是女性癌症相关死亡的第二大原因。配体修饰的脂质体用于乳腺肿瘤特异性给药，以提高疗效和减少化疗的副作用; 然而,只有少数具有高靶向效率的脂质体被开发出来，因为单靶向、配体修饰的脂质体通常不能递送足够的治疗剂量。在这项研究中，我们设计了生物素-葡萄糖分支配体修饰，双靶向脂质体 (Bio-Glu-Lip) 并评价了它们作为体外和体内靶向化疗给药系统的潜力。与非靶向脂质体 (Lip) 、 Bio-Lip 和 Glu-Lip 相比，Bio-Glu-Lip 在 4T1 细胞中的细胞摄取最高 (3.00 倍,分别高 1.60 倍和 1.95 倍) 和 MCF-7 细胞 (分别高 2.63 倍、 1.63 倍和 1.85 倍)。随后的细胞毒性和体内试验进一步支持了双靶向脂质体是一种有前途的治疗乳腺癌的药物递送载体。
METHODS::The emerging significance of the bitter taste receptors (T2Rs) role in the extraoral tissues alludes to their potential role in many pathophysiological conditions. The dysregulation of T2R expression and function in disease conditions has now been demonstrated in airways diseases, neurological disorders, and in some cancers. However, the role of T2Rs in the pathophysiology of breast cancer is unexplored thus far. Previously, we demonstrated differential expression of the 25 T2Rs in breast cancer (BC) cells. Based on our previous findings we selected two T2Rs, T2R4 and T2R14 for this work. The objective of the current study is to investigate the expression of T2R4 and T2R14 in BC clinical samples and to examine their physiological role using highly metastatic BC and non-cancerous cell lines. Using approaches, which involve receptor knockdown, pharmacological activation and biochemical assays we report that (i) T2R4 and T2R14 expression patterns are dissimilar, with decreased levels of T2R4 and increased levels of T2R14 in BC clinical samples compared to non-cancerous controls. (ii) Activation of T2Rs with their respective agonist elicited physiological responses in metastatic breast cancer cells, and no responses were seen in non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cells. (iii) Agonist activation of T2Rs (irrespective of T2R subtype) induced anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and anti-migratory responses in highly metastatic breast cancer cells. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the chemosensory T2R signaling network is involved in evoking physiological responses in the metastatic breast cancer cell line.
METHODS::RAD50 is commonly depleted in basal-like breast cancer with concomitant absence of INPP4B and several tumor suppressors such as BRCA1 and TP53. Our previous study revealed that INPP4B and RAD50 interact and such an interaction is associated with breast cancer survival at the transcriptional, translational and genomic levels. In the present study, we explored single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of these two genes that have synergistic effects on breast cancer survival to decipher mechanisms driving their interactions at the genetic level. The Cox's proportional hazards model was used to test whether SNPs of these two genes are interactively associated with breast cancer survival, following expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis and functional investigations. Our study revealed two disease-associating blocks, each encompassing five and two non-linkage disequilibrium linked SNPs of INPP4B and RAD50, respectively. Concomitant presence of any rare homozygote from each disease-associating block is synergistically prognostic of poor breast cancer survival. Such synergy is mediated via bypassing pathways controlling cell proliferation and DNA damage repair, which are represented by INPP4B and RAD50. Our study provided genetic evidence of interactions between INPP4B and RAD50, and deepened our understandings on the orchestrated genetic machinery governing tumor progression.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Increased usage of genomic risk assessment assays suggests increased reliance on data provided by these assays to guide therapy decisions. The current study aimed to assess the change in treatment decision and physician confidence based on the 70-gene risk of recurrence signature (70-GS, MammaPrint) and the 80-gene molecular subtype signature (80-GS, BluePrint) in early stage breast cancer patients. METHODS:IMPACt, a prospective, case-only study, enrolled 452 patients between November 2015 and August 2017. The primary objective population included 358 patients with stage I-II, hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The recommended treatment plan and physician confidence were captured before and after receiving results for 70-GS and 80-GS. Treatment was started after obtaining results. The distribution of 70-GS High Risk (HR) and Low Risk (LR) patients was evaluated, in addition to the distribution of 80-GS compared to IHC status. RESULTS:The 70-GS classified 62.5% (n = 224/358) of patients as LR and 37.5% (n = 134/358) as HR. Treatment decisions were changed for 24.0% (n = 86/358) of patients after receiving 70-GS and 80-GS results. Of the LR patients initially prescribed CT, 71.0% (44/62) had CT removed from their treatment recommendation. Of the HR patients not initially prescribed CT, 65.1% (41/63) had CT added. After receiving 70-GS results, CT was included in 83.6% (n = 112/134) of 70-GS HR patient treatment plans, and 91.5% (n = 205/224) of 70-GS LR patient treatment plans did not include CT. For patients who disagreed with the treatment recommended by their physicians, most (94.1%, n = 16/17) elected not to receive CT when it was recommended. For patients whose physician-recommended treatment plan was discordant with 70-GS results, discordance was significantly associated with age and lymph node status. CONCLUSIONS:The IMPACt trial showed that treatment plans were 88.5% (n = 317/358) in agreement with 70-GS results, indicating that physicians make treatment decisions in clinical practice based on the 70-GS result. In clinically high risk, 70-GS Low Risk patients, there was a 60.0% reduction in treatment recommendations that include CT. Additionally, physicians reported having greater confidence in treatment decisions for their patients in 72% (n = 258/358) of cases after receiving 70-GS results. TRIAL REGISTRATION:"Measuring the Impact of MammaPrint on Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Treatment in Breast Cancer Patients: A Prospective Registry" (NCT02670577) retrospectively registered on Jan 27, 2016.