Danhong Injection for the Treatment of Hypertensive Nephropathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
丹红注射液治疗高血压肾病的系统评价和 Meta 分析
- 作者列表："YiZhuo Li","Shihai Yan","Lichao Qian","Lihua Wu","Yawei Zheng","Zhuyuan Fang
ObjectiveDanhong Injection (DHI) has been widely used to treat various diseases in China for many years. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of DHI combined with antihypertensive drugs for treatment of hypertensive nephropathy.MethodsSeven databases were searched from inception to September 21st, 2019. Randomized controlled trials comparing DHI combined with antihypertensive drugs versus antihypertensive drugs alone were extracted. The primary outcome was microalbuminuria (mALB). Secondary outcomes included systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and serum creatinine (SCr).ResultsFifteen studies were included in the meta-analysis, which indicated that DHI combined with antihypertensive drugs has advantages compared with antihypertensive drugs alone for reducing mALB [weighted mean difference (WMD) = −12.86, 95% confidence interval (CI) (−14.72, −11.0), P < 0.01], lowering SBP [WMD = −2.84, 95% CI (−4.56, −1.12), P = 0.001] and DBP [WMD = −2.38, 95% CI (−4.34, −0.43), P = 0.017], and decreasing SCr [WMD = −40.45, 95% CI (−55.69, −25.21), P < 0.01].ConclusionThe combination of DHI with antihypertensive drugs appears to be more effective than antihypertensive drugs alone for treatment of hypertensive nephropathy. A moderate duration (≤4 weeks) of DHI administration is reasonable, and longer treatment with DHI should be avoided, according to the results of subgroup analysis.
目的安红注射液 (DHI) 在我国已广泛用于治疗多种疾病多年。本系统评价旨在评价 DHI 联合降压药治疗高血压肾病的疗效。方法检索 7 个数据库，检索时间为 2019 年 9 月 21 日。提取比较 DHI 联合降压药物与单独降压药物的随机对照试验。主要终点是微量白蛋白尿 (mALB)。次要结局包括收缩压 (SBP) 、舒张压 (DBP) 和血清肌酐 (SCr)。结果 15 项研究纳入 meta 分析，表明 DHI 联合降压药在降低 mALB [加权平均差 (WMD) =-12.86, 95% 置信区间(CI) (-14.72，-11.0)，P <0.01]，降低 SBP [WMD =-2.84，95% CI (-4.56，-1.12), P = 0.001] 和 DBP [WMD =-2.38，95% CI (-4.34，-0.43)，P = 0.017]，降低 SCr [WMD =-40.45，95% CI(-55.69，-25.21)，P <0.01]。结论 DHI 联合降压药治疗高血压肾病较单用降压药更有效。根据亚组分析结果，给予 DHI 的中度持续时间 (≤ 4 周) 是合理的，应避免更长时间的 DHI 治疗。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Pregnancy morbidities, including preeclampsia, and CVD are common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Possible connections are important to explore. In a population-based cohort, we investigated whether HDP is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular outcomes separately in SLE and non-SLE to examine the role of SLE. METHODS:We identified first singleton births in the Medical Birth Register (1987-2012) among mothers with SLE and a large general population comparison group. Discharge diagnoses for HDP, cardiovascular outcomes, and hypertension in the Patient Register were identified using ICD codes. We estimated adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (HR, 95% CI) of the association between HDP and outcomes, in separate models in women with and without SLE. We then evaluated additive and multiplicative effect modification using relative excess risk due to interaction and Cox models jointly accounting for SLE and HDP, respectively. Mediation analysis estimated the proportion of the association between SLE and outcome explained by HDP. RESULTS:HDP were more common in SLE pregnancies (20% vs 7%). In SLE, HDP were associated with a two-fold higher rate of cardiovascular outcomes and three-fold higher rate of incident hypertension. HDP mediated 20% of the latter association. In women without SLE, HDP was associated with higher hypertension incidence later in life. CONCLUSION:In women with and without SLE, HDP were associated with a three-fold higher rate of hypertension. In SLE, women with HDP developed cardiovascular outcomes twice as often as women without HDP.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:'Neuronal precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated 4-like' (NEDD4L) is considered a candidate gene for hypertension-both functionally and genetically-through the regulation of the ubiquitination of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). This study explores the relationship between genetic variation in NEDD4L and hypertension with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the southeastern Han Chinese population. METHODS:We recruited 623 CKD patients and measured ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), and the rs4149601 and rs2288774 polymorphisms in NEDD4L were genotyped using qPCR. RESULTS:For rs4149601, significant differences in genotype frequencies in an additive model (GG vs GA vs AA) were observed between normotensive patients and hypertensive patients when hypertension was classified into ambulatory hypertension, clinical hypertension and ambulatory systolic hypertension (P = 0.038, 0.005 and 0.006, respectively). In a recessive model (GG+GA vs AA), the frequency of the AA genotype of rs4149601 in the hypertension groups were all higher than that in the normotensive groups. The genotype distribution of rs2288774 did not differ significantly between the normotensive and hypertensive patients. In both the full cohort and the propensity score matching (PSM) cohort, the AA genotype of rs4149601 (compared to the GG+GA genotype group) was independently correlated with ambulatory hypertension, clinical hypertension and ambulatory systolic hypertension by multivariate logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS:The present study indicates that the AA genotype of rs4149601 associates with hypertension in CKD. Consequently, the rs4149601 A allele might be a risk factor for hypertension with CKD.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The burden of hypertension in many low-and middle-income countries is alarming and requires effective evidence-based preventative strategies that is carefully appraised and accepted by key stakeholders to ensure successful implementation and sustainability. We assessed nurses' perceptions of a recently completed Task Shifting Strategy for Hypertension control (TASSH) trial in Ghana, and facilitators and challenges to TASSH implementation. METHODS:Focus group sessions and in-depth interviews were conducted with 27 community health nurses from participating health centers and district hospitals involved in the TASSH trial implemented in the Ashanti Region, Ghana, West Africa from 2012 to 2017. TASSH evaluated the comparative effectiveness of the WHO-PEN program versus provision of health insurance for blood pressure reduction in hypertensive adults. Qualitative data were analyzed using open and axial coding techniques with emerging themes mapped onto the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). RESULTS:Three themes emerged following deductive analysis using CFIR, including: (1) Patient health goal setting- relative priority and positive feedback from nurses, which motivated patients to make healthy behavior changes as a result of their health being a priority; (2) Leadership engagement (i.e., medical directors) which influenced the extent to which nurses were able to successfully implement TASSH in their various facilities, with most directors being very supportive; and (3) Availability of resources making it possible to implement the TASSH protocol, with limited space and personnel time to carry out TASSH duties, limited blood pressure (BP) monitoring equipment, and transportation, listed as barriers to effective implementation. CONCLUSION:Assessing stakeholders' perception of the TASSH implementation process guided by CFIR is crucial as it provides a platform for the nurses to thoroughly evaluate the task shifting program, while considering the local context in which the program is implemented. The feedback from the nurses informed barriers and facilitators to implementation of TASSH within the current healthcare system, and suggested system level changes needed prior to scale-up of TASSH to other regions in Ghana with potential for long-term sustainment of the task shifting intervention. TRIAL REGISTRATION:Trial registration for parent TASSH study: NCT01802372. Registered February 27, 2013.