- 作者列表："Su Y","Liu S","Guan Y","Xie Z","Zheng M","Jing X
:Carbon dots (CDs) are emerging as powerful nanoprobes for multiple-model bioimaging. Nowadays, orthotopic xenograft models attract increasing attention because of their superiorities of duplicating the tumor microenvironment. However, compared with the extensive study of subcutaneous xenograft tumors, less attention has been paid to CDs for in vivo orthotopic tumor imaging. Furthermore, it is very desirable for a nanoprobe to achieve preferential accumulation at the tumor site and efficient renal clearance. In this work, a novel kind of Hafnium-doped CDs (HfCDs) were successfully prepared via a simple one-pot pyrolysis method. The significant advantages including robust stability, good biocompatibility, excellent water solubility, remarkable computed tomography (CT) contrast performance and preferential tumor accumulation capability endow HfCDs with particular functions of CT/fluorescence imaging of orthotopic liver cancer initially. More importantly, HfCDs could locate at the tumor site and achieve the rapid imaging within 1 min. The findings of the current study represent a facile and universal approach to fabricate outstanding renal clearable multimodal imaging nanoprobes with great potential for clinical diagnosis.
: 碳点 (CDs) 正在成为多模式生物成像的强大纳米探针。目前，原位异种移植模型因其复制肿瘤微环境的优势而受到越来越多的关注。然而，与皮下异种移植肿瘤的广泛研究相比，CDs 用于体内原位肿瘤成像的关注较少。此外，纳米探针在肿瘤部位实现优先积累和有效的肾清除是非常理想的。在这项工作中，通过简单的一锅热解方法成功地制备了一种新型的掺铪的 CDs (HfCDs)。显著的优点包括坚固的稳定性，良好的生物相容性，优良的水溶性，显著的计算机断层扫描 (CT) 对比性能和优先肿瘤积累能力赋予 HfCDs 最初原位肝癌 CT/荧光成像的特殊功能。更重要的是，HfCDs 可以定位在肿瘤部位，并在 1 min 内实现快速成像。当前研究的发现代表了一种简单而通用的方法，可以制造出出色的肾脏清晰多模态成像纳米探针，具有巨大的临床诊断潜力。
METHODS::In colorectal cancer (CRC), hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) chemotherapy may convert primarily unresectable CRC liver metastases (CLM) into resectability, although the risk of metastatic recurrence remains high after CLM ablation. We investigated the role of antitumour immunity invoked by first-line oxaliplatin-HAI for long-term CLM outcome. In a prospective study cohort of primarily unresectable CLM, we assessed patients' fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (FLT3LG) in serum, reflecting opportune intratumoural immune activity, at baseline and following 1-3 sequences of oxaliplatin-HAI. The end points were CLM resectability and overall survival. Patients who presented an immediate twofold increment of circulating FLT3LG during the treatment and at its completion were scored as CLM resectable (16.4% with both features), were alive at final follow-up 8-12 years later. All patients experienced FLT3LG increase during the treatment course, but those who remained unresectable or had the disease converted but presented a slow and gradual FLT3LG accretion, later died of the metastatic disease. These data provide further support to our previous findings that tumour-directed immunity invoked by oxaliplatin-containing therapy predicts excellent outcome of early advanced CRC if macroscopic tumour ablation is rendered possible by the 'classic' tumour response to the cytotoxic treatment.
METHODS::Prostate cancer is one of the primary causes of death around the world. As an important drug, flutamide has been used in the clinical diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, the over dosage and improper discharge of flutamide could affect the living organism. Thus, it necessary to develop the sensor for detection of flutamide with highly sensitivity. In this paper, we report the synthesis of lanthanum cobaltite decorated halloysite nanotube (LCO/HNT) nanocomposite prepared by a facile method and evaluated for selective reduction of flutamide. The as-prepared LCO/HNT nanocomposite shows the best catalytic performance towards detection of flutamide, when compared to other bare and modified electrodes. The good electrochemical performance of the LCO/HNT nanocomposite modified electrode is ascribed to abundant active sites, large specific surface area and their synergetic effects. Furthermore, the LCO/HNT modified electrode exhibits low detection limit (0.002 μM), wide working range (0.009-145 μM) and excellent selectivity with remarkable stability. Meaningfully, the developed electrochemical sensor was applied in real environmental samples with an acceptable recovery range.
METHODS::Several studies have indicated that cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) could promote cancer progression in many malignancies. However, the mechanism by which CAFs promote the growth and metastasis of lung cancer remains poorly defined. In the present study, CAFs and normal fibroblasts (NFs) were isolated from human lung cancer and adjacent tissue. The data showed that the conditional medium (CM) of CAFs could increase the proliferation, migration and invasion of lung cancer cells. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) showed a higher expression in CAF-CM than NF-CM, and blocking VCAM-1 in CAF-CM attenuated the proliferation and invasion of cancer cells. Further, the results showed that VCAM-1 secreted from CAFs activated AKT and MAPK signaling via receptor α4β1 integrin (very-late antigen (VLA)-4) in lung cancer cells. Moreover, CAFs promoted VCAM-1 expression and tumor growth in vivo. Additionally, bioinformatics analysis indicated a positive correlation on the CAF marker protein alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and VCAM-1 expression, which was associated with a poor prognosis in lung cancer patients. These findings demonstrate that the VCAM-1 secreted from CAFs enhances growth and invasion by activating the AKT and MAPK signaling of lung cancer cells.