Quantitative fragmented QRS has a good diagnostic value on myocardial fibrosis in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy based on clinical-pathological study.
基于临床病理研究，定量碎裂 QRS 对肥厚型梗阻性心肌病心肌纤维化有较好的诊断价值。
- 作者列表："Bi X","Yang C","Song Y","Yuan J","Cui J","Hu F","Qiao S
BACKGROUND:To investigate the relationship between fragmented QRS (fQRS) quantified by a new method and myocardial fibrosis (MF) and the diagnostic value of quantitative fQRS (Q-fQRS) to detect MF in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) patients based on histological validation. METHODS:We performed a retrospective study that included 69 patients with HOCM who underwent ventricular septal surgery. Nine individuals who died from accidents were studied as a control reference for the histological parameters. Septal myocardium samples were subjected to Masson's trichrome staining to quantify the collagen volume fraction (CVF). An fQRS pattern was defined as the presence of additional R waves or RSR', evidenced by notched R or S wave on electrocardiography (ECG). The Q-fQRS was quantified as the total amount of deflections in the QRS complex in all 12 routine ECG leads together. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was conducted, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) was measured at 2, 4, 6 and 8 standard deviations (SDs). RESULTS:Of the 69 patients, fQRS was documented in 38 (55.1%) patients, the mean number of leads with fQRS was 3.7 ± 1.6, and the mean Q-fQRS was 17 ± 7.2. Compared with HOCM patients without fQRS, HOCM patients with fQRS had a higher CVF and more LGE at 6 SD (P < 0.001; P = 0.040). Q-fQRS was correlated with CVF (r = 0.640, P < 0.001), and Q-fQRS showed the best correlation with LGE measured at 8 SD (r = 0.379, P = 0.002). Multivariate regression analyses revealed that Q-fQRS was independently associated with the extent of CVF in HOCM patients after adjusting for age, sex, body surface area and the extent of LGE at 6 SD (P < 0.001). When the patients were divided into subgroups with normal CVF or high CVF according to the CVF in controls, Q-fQRS and LGE at 6SD showed similar diagnostic value in detecting patients with high CVF, with sensitivities of 66.7% vs 68.6%, specificities of 76.7% vs 72.4%, and accuracies of 71% vs 70.3%. CONCLUSIONS:HOCM patients with fQRS showed more extensive MF. Q-fQRS was an independent predictor for MF and had a good diagnostic value, with a sensitivity of 66.7% and specificity of 76.7%, in identifying patients with higher fibrotic burden.
背景: 探讨新方法定量碎裂 QRS (fQRS) 与心肌纤维化 (MF) 的关系及定量 fQRS (Q-fQRS) 的诊断价值。基于组织学验证检测肥厚型梗阻性心肌病 (HOCM) 患者的 MF。 方法: 我们进行了一项回顾性研究，包括 69 例接受室间隔手术的 HOCM 患者。研究了 9 例因事故死亡的个体作为组织学参数的对照参考。间隔心肌样本进行 Masson 三色染色以定量胶原体积分数 (CVF)。FQRS 模式定义为存在额外的 R 波或 rsr '，由心电图 (ECG) 上的缺口 R 或 s波证明。Q-fQRS 定量为所有 12 个常规心电图导联 QRS 波群的总偏转量。进行心脏磁共振成像，并在 2 、 4 、 6 和 8 个标准差 (SDs) 下测量钆晚期增强 (LGE)。 结果: 69 例患者中，38 例 (55.1%) 患者有 fQRS 记录，平均 fQRS 导联数为 3.7 ± 1.6,平均 Q-fQRS 为 17 ± 7.2。与无 fQRS 的 HOCM 患者相比，有 fQRS 的 HOCM 患者在 6sd 时 CVF 较高，LGE 较多 (p <0.001; P = 0.040)。Q-fQRS 与 CVF 相关 (r = 0.640，p <0.001)，Q-fQRS 与 8 SD 测量的 LGE 相关性最好 (r = 0.379, P = 0.002)。多元回归分析显示，校正年龄、性别后，Q-fQRS 与 HOCM 患者 CVF 程度独立相关。体表面积和 LGE 范围为 6 SD (p <0.001)。根据对照组 CVF 将患者分为 CVF 正常或高 CVF 亚组时，Q-fQRS 和 LGE at 6SD 对检出高 CVF 患者的诊断价值相似,灵敏度为 66.7% vs 68.6%，特异性为 76.7% vs 72.4%，准确性为 71% vs 70.3%。 结论: 伴有 fQRS 的 HOCM 患者表现出更广泛的 MF。Q-fQRS 是 MF 的独立预测因子，在识别纤维化负荷较高的患者方面具有良好的诊断价值，敏感性为 66.7%，特异性为 76.7%。
METHODS:Abstract Background Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a high-cost, resource-intensive public health burden that is associated with a 1-year mortality rate of about 16% in western population. Different in patient ethnicity and pattern of practice may impact the clinical outcome. We aim to determine 1-year mortality and to identify factors that significantly predicts 1-year mortality of Thai patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Methods This prospective multicenter registry enrolled consecutive Thai patients that were diagnosed with ischemic cardiomyopathy at 9 institutions located across Thailand. Patients with left ventricular function 75% in the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery or coronary angiography, and/or two major epicardial coronary stenoses; 2) prior myocardial infarction; 3) prior revascularization by coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary intervention; or, 4) magnetic resonance imaging pattern compatible with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Baseline clinical characteristics, coronary and echocardiographic data were recorded. The 1-year clinical outcome was pre-specified. Results Four hundred and nineteen patients were enrolled. Thirty-nine patients (9.9%) had died at 1 year, with 27 experiencing cardiovascular death, and 12 experiencing non-cardiovascular death. A comparison between patients who were alive and patients who were dead at 1 year revealed lower baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (26.7 ± 7.6% vs 30.2 ± 7.8%; p = 0.021), higher left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) (185.8 ± 73.2 ml vs 155.6 ± 64.2 ml; p = 0.014), shorter mitral valve deceleration time (142.9 ± 57.5 ml vs 182.4 ± 85.7 ml; p = 0.041), and lower use of statins (94.7% vs 99.7%; p = 0.029) among deceased patients. Patients receiving guideline-recommended β-blockers had lower mortality than patients receiving non-guideline-recommended β-blockers (8.1% vs 18.2%; p = 0.05). Conclusions The results of this study revealed a 9.9% 1-year mortality rate among Thai ischemic cardiomyopathy patients. Doppler echocardiographic parameters significantly associated with 1-year mortality were LVEF, LVEDV, mitral E velocity, and mitral valve deceleration time. The use of non-guideline-recommended β-blockers rather than guideline recommended β-blockers were associated with increased with 1-year mortality. Guidelines recommended β-blockers should be preferred. Trial registration Thai Clinical Trials Registry TCTR20190722002. Registered 22 July 2019. “Retrospectively registered”.
METHODS:Abstract Background Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is rare and potentially life-threatening; its etiology remains unclear. Imaging characteristics on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and their prognostic significance have rarely been studied. We sought to determine CMR’s prognostic value in PPCM by using T1 and T2 mapping techniques. Methods Data from 21 PPCM patients from our CMR registry database were analyzed. The control group comprised 20 healthy age-matched females. All subjects underwent comprehensive contrast-enhanced CMR. T1 and T2 mapping using modified Look-Locker inversion recovery and T2 prep balanced steady-state free precession sequences, respectively. Ventricular size and function, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), myocardial T1 value, extracellular volume (ECV), and T2 value were analyzed. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed at baseline and during follow-up. The recovered left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was defined as LVEF ≥50% on echocardiography follow-up after at least 6 months of the diagnosis. Results CMR imaging showed that the PPCM patients had severely impaired LVEF and right ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF: 26.8 ± 10.6%; RVEF: 33.9 ± 14.6%). LGE was seen in eight (38.1%) cases. PPCM patients had significantly higher native T1 and ECV (1345 ± 79 vs. 1212 ± 32 ms, P < 0.001; 33.9 ± 5.2% vs. 27.1 ± 3.1%, P < 0.001; respectively) and higher myocardial T2 value (42.3 ± 3.7 vs. 36.8 ± 2.3 ms, P < 0.001) than did the normal controls. After a median 2.5-year follow-up (range: 8 months-5 years), six patients required readmission for heart failure, two died, and 10 showed left ventricular function recovery. The LVEF-recovered group showed significantly lower ECV (30.7 ± 2.1% vs. 36.8 ± 5.6%, P = 0.005) and T2 (40.6 ± 3.0 vs. 43.9 ± 3.7 ms, P = 0.040) than the unrecovered group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed ECV (OR = 0.58 for per 1% increase, P = 0.032) was independently associated with left ventricular recovery in PPCM. Conclusions Compared to normal controls, PPCM patients showed significantly higher native T1, ECV, and T2. Native T1, ECV, and T2 were associated with LVEF recovery in PPCM. Furthermore, ECV could independently predict left ventricular function recovery in PPCM.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and is associated with adverse outcomes in HCM patients. Although the left atrial (LA) diameter has consistently been identified as a strong predictor of AF in HCM patients, the relationship between LA dysfunction and AF still remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the LA function in patients with non-obstructive HCM (NOHCM) utilizing cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT).,METHODS:Thirty-three patients with NOHCM and 28 healthy controls were studied. The global and regional LA function and left ventricular (LV) function were compared between the two groups. The following LA global functional parameters were quantitively analyzed: reservoir function (total ejection fraction [LA total EF], total strain [ε], peak positive strain rate [SRs]), conduit function (passive ejection fraction [LA passive EF], passive strain [ε], peak early-negative SR [SRe]), and booster pump function (active ejection fraction [LA active EF], active strain [ε], peak late-negative SR [SRa]). The LA wall was automatically divided into 6 segments: anterior, antero-roof, inferior, septal, septal-roof and lateral. Three LA strain parameters (ε, ε, ε) and their corresponding strain rate parameters (SRs, SRe, SRa) during the reservoir, conduit and booster pump LA phases were segmentally measured and analyzed.,RESULTS:The LA reservoir (LA total EF: 57.6 ± 8.2% vs. 63.9 ± 6.4%, p < 0.01; ε: 35.0 ± 12.0% vs. 41.5 ± 11.2%, p = 0.03; SRs: 1.3 ± 0.4 s vs. 1.5 ± 0.4 s, p = 0.02) and conduit function (LA passive EF: 28.7 ± 9.1% vs. 37.1 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; ε: 18.7 ± 7.9% vs. 25.9 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; SRe: - 0.8 ± 0.3 s vs. -1.1 ± 0.4 s, p < 0.01) were all impaired in patients with NOHCM when compared with healthy controls, while LA booster pump function was preserved. The LA segmental strain and strain rate analysis demonstrated that the ε, ε, SRe of inferior, SRs, SRe of septal-roof, and SRa of antero-roof walls (all p < 0.05) were all decreased in the NOHCM cohort. Correlations between LA functional parameters and LV conventional function and LA functional parameters and baseline parameters (age, body surface area and NYHA classification) were weak. The two strongest relations were between ε and LA total EF(r = 0.84, p < 0.01), ε and LA active EF (r = 0.83, p < 0.01).,CONCLUSIONS:Compared with healthy controls, patients with NOHCM have LA reservoir and conduit dysfunction, and regional LA deformation before LA enlargement. CMR-FT identifies LA dysfunction and deformation at an early stage.