- 作者列表："Kitt E","Drew RJ","Cunney R","Beekmann SE","Polgreen P","Butler K","Zaoutis T","Coffin SE
:Influenza is a significant cause of childhood morbidity and death; it contributes to up to 16% of hospitalizations for respiratory illnesses worldwide. Novel rapid viral diagnostic tests, including molecular diagnostic tests, have the potential to significantly affect both time to diagnosis and selection of optimal anti-infective therapy. However, little is known about current treatment algorithms used in US hospitals. In this study, for hospitalized children in the United States, we aimed to define the current approaches to influenza diagnosis and treatment and to explore reasons for their potential variation. In this study, we aimed to define the current approaches to pediatric influenza diagnosis and treatment in US hospitals, and to explore reasons for their potential variation. Our results suggest a rise in the availability and use of rapid molecular diagnostic testing in addition to continued variability in anti-infective management, particularly with regard to antiviral use.
: 流感是儿童发病和死亡的重要原因; 它导致了全球高达 16% 的呼吸系统疾病住院。新型快速病毒诊断试验，包括分子诊断试验，有可能显著影响诊断时间和最佳抗感染治疗的选择。然而，目前对美国医院使用的治疗算法知之甚少。在这项研究中，对于美国的住院儿童，我们旨在定义当前的流感诊断和治疗方法，并探讨其潜在变异的原因。在这项研究中，我们旨在定义目前美国医院儿科流感诊断和治疗的方法，并探讨其潜在变异的原因。我们的结果表明，除了抗感染管理的持续变异性，特别是在抗病毒使用方面，快速分子诊断检测的可用性和使用有所增加。
METHODS::Since mid-December of 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection has been spreading from Wuhan, China. The confirmed COVID-19 patients in South Korea are those who came from or visited China. As secondary transmissions have occurred and the speed of transmission is accelerating, there are rising concerns about community infections. The 54-year old male is the third patient diagnosed with COVID-19 infection in Korea. He is a worker for a clothing business and had mild respiratory symptoms and intermittent fever in the beginning of hospitalization, and pneumonia symptoms on chest computerized tomography scan on day 6 of admission. This patient caused one case of secondary transmission and three cases of tertiary transmission. Hereby, we report the clinical findings of the index patient who was the first to cause tertiary transmission outside China. Interestingly, after lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra, AbbVie) was administered, β-coronavirus viral loads significantly decreased and no or little coronavirus titers were observed.
METHODS::In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused an outbreak in Wuhan, China, and soon spread to other parts of the world. It was believed that 2019-nCoV was transmitted through respiratory tract and then induced pneumonia, thus molecular diagnosis based on oral swabs was used for confirmation of this disease. Likewise, patient will be released upon two times of negative detection from oral swabs. However, many coronaviruses can also be transmitted through oral-fecal route by infecting intestines. Whether 2019-nCoV infected patients also carry virus in other organs like intestine need to be tested. We conducted investigation on patients in a local hospital who were infected with this virus. We found the presence of 2019-nCoV in anal swabs and blood as well, and more anal swab positives than oral swab positives in a later stage of infection, suggesting shedding and thereby transmitted through oral-fecal route. We also showed serology test can improve detection positive rate thus should be used in future epidemiology. Our report provides a cautionary warning that 2019-nCoV may be shed through multiple routes.
METHODS::There is a current worldwide outbreak of a new type of coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which originated from Wuhan in China and has now spread to 17 other countries. Governments are under increased pressure to stop the outbreak spiraling into a global health emergency. At this stage, preparedness, transparency, and sharing of information are crucial to risk assessments and beginning outbreak control activities. This information should include reports from outbreak sites and from laboratories supporting the investigation. This paper aggregates and consolidates the virology, epidemiology, clinical management strategies from both English and Chinese literature, official news channels, and other official government documents. In addition, by fitting the number of infections with a single-term exponential model, we report that the infection is spreading at an exponential rate, with a doubling period of 1.8 days.