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Do Patients With Cleft Lip and Palate Differ From Normal Individuals in Skeletal Maturity?

唇腭裂患者与正常个体的骨骼成熟度是否存在差异?

  • 影响因子:0.73
  • DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000005693
  • 作者列表:"Jahanbin A","Eslami N","Torkamanzadeh N
  • 发表时间:2020-01-01
Abstract

:Orthopedic treatment to improve deficient maxillary growth of cleft lip and palate patients is an important part of treatment. The success of this treatment is strongly dependent on the time of initiation of therapy. There has been a large controversy in the available literature regarding the skeletal age of these patients. The aim of the present study was to compare the skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients with normal individuals.37 unilateral and 14 bilateral cleft lip and palate patients and 47 healthy individuals participated in this cross-sectional study. The patients were classified into 8 to 10 and 11 to 14-year-old individuals. Cervical vertebral maturational stage of participants was evaluated in the lateral cephalometry. The skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients was compared with normal controls. Chi-square was used for statistical analysis. There was not a significant difference in the skeletal developmental stage of unilateral and bilateral cleft compared to their normal peers according to their age and sex. Also, significant difference in skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients was not found between boys and girls (P = 0.8). Similarly, no significant difference was found in the skeletal age of the 3 studied groups without considering the age and sex of participants (P = 0.5). Regarding the similar skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients with normal controls in our study, their maxillofacial orthopedic treatment can be initiated at similar time to normal peers.

摘要

: 改善唇腭裂患者上颌骨生长缺陷的矫形治疗是治疗的重要组成部分。这种治疗的成功强烈依赖于治疗开始的时间。关于这些患者的骨龄,现有文献存在很大争议。本研究的目的是比较唇腭裂患者与正常个体的骨龄。37 例单侧和 14 例双侧唇腭裂患者和 47 例健康个体参与了本横断面研究。学习。患者分为 8 ~ 10 岁和 11 ~ 14 岁个体。在头颅侧位测量中评估参与者的颈椎成熟阶段。将唇腭裂患者的骨龄与正常对照进行比较。采用卡方进行统计分析。根据年龄和性别,单侧和双侧裂的骨骼发育阶段与正常同龄人相比无显著差异。此外,唇腭裂患者的骨骼成熟阶段在男孩和女孩之间也没有发现显著差异 (p = 0.8)。同样,在不考虑参与者年龄和性别的情况下,3 个研究组的骨龄没有发现显著差异 (p = 0.5)。关于我们研究中唇腭裂患者与正常对照相似的骨骼成熟阶段,他们的颌面矫形治疗可以在与正常同龄人相似的时间开始。

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影响因子:1.32
发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1016/j.bjps.2019.05.033
作者列表:["Denadai R","Seo HJ","Lo LJ"]

METHODS:BACKGROUND:The anterior oronasal fistulae neighboring the alveolar cleft could persist or reappear after the alveolar reconstruction with cancellous bone grafting. The persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae need to be repaired, but surgery remains a challenge in cleft care. Surprisingly, this issue has rarely been reported in the literature. The purpose of this long-term study was to report a single surgeon experience with a therapeutic protocol for persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistula repair. METHODS:This is a retrospective study of consecutive patients with Veau type III and IV clefts and persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae managed according to a therapeutic protocol from 1997 to 2018. Depending on fistula size, patients were treated with local flaps associated with an interpositional graft or two-stage tongue flaps (small/medium or large fistulae, respectively). The surgical outcomes were classified as "good" (complete fistula closure with no symptoms), "fair" (asymptomatic narrow fistula remained), or "poor" (failure with persistent symptoms). RESULTS:Forty-four patients with persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae were reconstructed with local flaps associated with interpositional fascia or dermal fat grafting (52.3%) or two-stage tongue flaps (47.7%). Most of patients (93.2%) presented "good" outcomes, ranging from 87% to 100% (local and tongue flaps, respectively). Three (6.8%) patients presented symptomatic residual fistula ("poor" outcomes). CONCLUSIONS:For the repair of persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae, this therapeutic protocol provided satisfactory outcome with low fistula recurrence rate.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:2.49
发表时间:2020-03-01
DOI:10.1136/archdischild-2019-316804
作者列表:["Cleary B","Loane M","Addor MC","Barisic I","de Walle HEK","Matias Dias C","Gatt M","Klungsoyr K","McDonnell B","Neville A","Pierini A","Rissmann A","Tucker DF","Zurriaga O","Dolk H"]

METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Methadone is a vital treatment for women with opioid use disorder in pregnancy. Previous reports suggested an association between methadone exposure and Pierre Robin sequence (PRS), a rare craniofacial anomaly. We assessed the association between gestational methadone exposure and PRS. DESIGN/SETTING:This case-malformed control study used European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies population-based registries in Ireland, the Netherlands, Italy, Switzerland, Croatia, Malta, Portugal, Germany, Wales, Norway and Spain, 1995-2011. PATIENTS:Cases included PRS based on International Classification of Disease (ICD), Ninth Edition-British Paediatric Association (BPA) code 75 603 or ICD, Tenth Edition-BPA code Q8708. Malformed controls were all non-PRS anomalies, excluding genetic conditions, among live births, fetal deaths from 20 weeks' gestation and terminations of pregnancy for fetal anomalies. An exploratory analysis assessed the association between methadone exposure and other congenital anomalies (CAs) excluding PRS. Methadone exposure was ascertained from medical records and maternal interview. RESULTS:Among 87 979 CA registrations, there were 127 methadone-exposed pregnancies and 336 PRS cases. There was an association between methadone exposure and PRS (OR adjusted for registry 12.3, 95% CI 5.7 to 26.8). In absolute terms, this association reflects a risk increase from approximately 1-12 cases per 10 000 births. A raised OR was found for cleft palate (adjusted OR 5.0, 95% CI 2.7 to 9.2). CONCLUSIONS:These findings suggest that gestational methadone exposure is associated with PRS. The association may be explained by unmeasured confounding factors. The small increased risk of PRS in itself does not alter the risk-benefit balance for gestational methadone use. The association with cleft palate, a more common CA, should be assessed with independent data.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:0.73
发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000005693
作者列表:["Jahanbin A","Eslami N","Torkamanzadeh N"]

METHODS::Orthopedic treatment to improve deficient maxillary growth of cleft lip and palate patients is an important part of treatment. The success of this treatment is strongly dependent on the time of initiation of therapy. There has been a large controversy in the available literature regarding the skeletal age of these patients. The aim of the present study was to compare the skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients with normal individuals.37 unilateral and 14 bilateral cleft lip and palate patients and 47 healthy individuals participated in this cross-sectional study. The patients were classified into 8 to 10 and 11 to 14-year-old individuals. Cervical vertebral maturational stage of participants was evaluated in the lateral cephalometry. The skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients was compared with normal controls. Chi-square was used for statistical analysis. There was not a significant difference in the skeletal developmental stage of unilateral and bilateral cleft compared to their normal peers according to their age and sex. Also, significant difference in skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients was not found between boys and girls (P = 0.8). Similarly, no significant difference was found in the skeletal age of the 3 studied groups without considering the age and sex of participants (P = 0.5). Regarding the similar skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients with normal controls in our study, their maxillofacial orthopedic treatment can be initiated at similar time to normal peers.

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翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
颌部疾病方向

颌部的疾病,包括颌畸形、颌骨囊肿、颌骨肿瘤等疾病。

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