Effect of high molecular weight hyaluronic acid in treatment of osteoarthritic temporomandibular joints of rats.
- 作者列表："Tolba YM","Omar SS","Nagui DA","Nawwar MA
OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to determine the histological and biochemical effects of high molecular weight hyaluronic acid on experimentally induced osteoarthritic changes in male rat temporomandibular joint (TMJ). DESIGN:In this in-vivo study, 36 male albino rats were divided into 3 groups; control non-injected, disease and treatment group. Osteoarthritis was induced using a single intra-articular injection of Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) (50 μl). High molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HMWHA) was injected intra-articularly once a week, for a total of 3 injections. TMJ tissue samples were dissected from control, disease and treatment groups for biochemical analysis using ELISA test to detect the levels of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) on day 28. Histological examination was done using Hematoxylin &eosin, Mallory's trichrome and Alcian blue stains. Data was analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Dunn-Sidek method, with a 5 % significance level. RESULTS:Treatment group showed regaining of the normal histological features of the TMJ and decreased levels of MMP-3 when compared to disease group. CONCLUSIONS:These findings may suggest that HMWHA plays a role in the management of CFA-induced osteoarthritic cartilage lesions.
目的: 研究高分子量透明质酸对实验性大鼠颞下颌关节 (TMJ) 骨性关节炎的组织学和生化影响。 设计: 在体内研究中，36 只雄性白化大鼠分为 3 组; 对照组非注射，疾病和治疗组。使用单次关节腔内注射完全弗氏佐剂 (CFA) (50 μ l) 诱导骨关节炎。关节内注射高分子量透明质酸 (HMWHA)，每周 1 次，共注射 3 次。采用ELISA法检测第 28 天对照组、疾病组和治疗组TMJ组织标本的基质metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) 水平。使用苏木精和伊红、Mallory三色染色和Alcian蓝色染色进行组织学检查。使用Kruskal-Wallis检验分析数据，然后使用Dunn-Sidek方法，显著性水平为 5%。 结果: 与疾病组相比，治疗组TMJ恢复了正常组织学特征，MMP-3 水平降低。 结论: 这些发现可能表明HMWHA在CFA诱导的骨关节炎软骨病变的治疗中发挥作用。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The anterior oronasal fistulae neighboring the alveolar cleft could persist or reappear after the alveolar reconstruction with cancellous bone grafting. The persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae need to be repaired, but surgery remains a challenge in cleft care. Surprisingly, this issue has rarely been reported in the literature. The purpose of this long-term study was to report a single surgeon experience with a therapeutic protocol for persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistula repair. METHODS:This is a retrospective study of consecutive patients with Veau type III and IV clefts and persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae managed according to a therapeutic protocol from 1997 to 2018. Depending on fistula size, patients were treated with local flaps associated with an interpositional graft or two-stage tongue flaps (small/medium or large fistulae, respectively). The surgical outcomes were classified as "good" (complete fistula closure with no symptoms), "fair" (asymptomatic narrow fistula remained), or "poor" (failure with persistent symptoms). RESULTS:Forty-four patients with persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae were reconstructed with local flaps associated with interpositional fascia or dermal fat grafting (52.3%) or two-stage tongue flaps (47.7%). Most of patients (93.2%) presented "good" outcomes, ranging from 87% to 100% (local and tongue flaps, respectively). Three (6.8%) patients presented symptomatic residual fistula ("poor" outcomes). CONCLUSIONS:For the repair of persistent symptomatic anterior oronasal fistulae, this therapeutic protocol provided satisfactory outcome with low fistula recurrence rate.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Methadone is a vital treatment for women with opioid use disorder in pregnancy. Previous reports suggested an association between methadone exposure and Pierre Robin sequence (PRS), a rare craniofacial anomaly. We assessed the association between gestational methadone exposure and PRS. DESIGN/SETTING:This case-malformed control study used European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies population-based registries in Ireland, the Netherlands, Italy, Switzerland, Croatia, Malta, Portugal, Germany, Wales, Norway and Spain, 1995-2011. PATIENTS:Cases included PRS based on International Classification of Disease (ICD), Ninth Edition-British Paediatric Association (BPA) code 75 603 or ICD, Tenth Edition-BPA code Q8708. Malformed controls were all non-PRS anomalies, excluding genetic conditions, among live births, fetal deaths from 20 weeks' gestation and terminations of pregnancy for fetal anomalies. An exploratory analysis assessed the association between methadone exposure and other congenital anomalies (CAs) excluding PRS. Methadone exposure was ascertained from medical records and maternal interview. RESULTS:Among 87 979 CA registrations, there were 127 methadone-exposed pregnancies and 336 PRS cases. There was an association between methadone exposure and PRS (OR adjusted for registry 12.3, 95% CI 5.7 to 26.8). In absolute terms, this association reflects a risk increase from approximately 1-12 cases per 10 000 births. A raised OR was found for cleft palate (adjusted OR 5.0, 95% CI 2.7 to 9.2). CONCLUSIONS:These findings suggest that gestational methadone exposure is associated with PRS. The association may be explained by unmeasured confounding factors. The small increased risk of PRS in itself does not alter the risk-benefit balance for gestational methadone use. The association with cleft palate, a more common CA, should be assessed with independent data.
METHODS::Orthopedic treatment to improve deficient maxillary growth of cleft lip and palate patients is an important part of treatment. The success of this treatment is strongly dependent on the time of initiation of therapy. There has been a large controversy in the available literature regarding the skeletal age of these patients. The aim of the present study was to compare the skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients with normal individuals.37 unilateral and 14 bilateral cleft lip and palate patients and 47 healthy individuals participated in this cross-sectional study. The patients were classified into 8 to 10 and 11 to 14-year-old individuals. Cervical vertebral maturational stage of participants was evaluated in the lateral cephalometry. The skeletal age of cleft lip and palate patients was compared with normal controls. Chi-square was used for statistical analysis. There was not a significant difference in the skeletal developmental stage of unilateral and bilateral cleft compared to their normal peers according to their age and sex. Also, significant difference in skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients was not found between boys and girls (P = 0.8). Similarly, no significant difference was found in the skeletal age of the 3 studied groups without considering the age and sex of participants (P = 0.5). Regarding the similar skeletal maturational stage of cleft lip and palate patients with normal controls in our study, their maxillofacial orthopedic treatment can be initiated at similar time to normal peers.