- 作者列表："Munawar S","Marston AP","Patel T","Nguyen SA","White DR
OBJECTIVES:Analyze the differences in length of stay, cost, disposition, and demographics between syndromic and non-syndromic children undergoing multi-level sleep surgery. METHODS:Children with sleep disordered breathing or obstructive sleep apnea that had undergone sleep surgeries were isolated from the 1997 to 2012 editions of the Kids' Inpatient Database, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Children were then classified as syndromic or non-syndromic and stratified by level of sleep surgery (tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy plus other site surgery, other site surgery). Length of stay and cost were reported with Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance, disposition with binomial logistic regression, and demographics with chi-square. RESULTS:Syndromic children compared to non-syndromic children were more likely to have surgery beyond just tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy and also had a longer length of stay, higher total cost and non-routine disposition (all P < .001). Syndromic children undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy plus other site surgery had a longer length of stay compared to syndromic children undergoing tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy (6.00 days vs 3.63 days, P < .001). However, no similar statistically significant difference in length of stay was found in non-syndromic children (2.01 days vs 2.87 days, P > .05). CONCLUSION:The potential risks/benefits need to be weighed carefully before undertaking sleep surgery in syndromic children. They experience a longer length of stay, higher cost, and non-routine disposition when compared to non-syndromic children. This is especially true when considering the transition from tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy to tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy plus other site surgery, as syndromic children experience a longer length of stay and non-syndromic children do not.
目的: 分析接受多层次睡眠手术的综合征和非综合征儿童在住院时间、费用、性格和人口统计学方面的差异。 方法: 从 1997-2012 年版儿童住院病人数据库、医疗费用及利用项目中分离出睡眠呼吸障碍或阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停接受过睡眠手术的儿童，医疗保健研究和质量机构。然后将患儿分为综合征型或非综合征型，并按睡眠手术水平分层 (扁桃体切除和腺样体切除术、扁桃体切除和腺样体切除术加其他部位手术、其他部位手术)。使用Kruskal-Wallis单因素方差分析、二项式logistic回归处理和卡方人口统计学报告住院时间和费用。 结果: 与非综合征儿童相比，综合征儿童更可能接受仅扁桃体和腺样体切除术的手术，并且住院时间更长，较高的总成本和非常规处置 (均p <.001)。接受扁桃体切除术和腺样体切除术加其他部位手术的综合征患儿与接受扁桃体切除术和腺样体切除术的综合征患儿相比，住院时间更长 (6.00 天vs 3.63 天，p <.001)。但在非综合征患儿中，住院时间差异无统计学意义 (2.01 天vs 2.87 天，p>.05)。 结论: 在对综合征患儿进行睡眠手术之前，需要仔细权衡潜在的风险/获益。与非综合征儿童相比，他们经历了更长的住院时间、更高的费用和非常规的处置。当考虑从扁桃体切除术和腺样体切除术过渡到扁桃体切除术和腺样体切除术以及其他部位手术时，尤其如此，因为综合征儿童的住院时间更长，非综合征儿童则不会。
METHODS::Impairments in social cognition have been frequently described in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) and are thought to be a hallmark of difficulties in social interactions. The present study addresses aspects that are critical for everyday social cognitive functioning but have received little attention so far. Sixteen children with 22q11.2DS and 22 controls completed 1 task of facial expression recognition, 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to faceless characters involved in visually presented social interactions, and 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to characters involved in aurally presented dialogues. All three tasks have in common to involve processing of emotions. All participants also completed two tasks of attention and two tasks of visual spatial perception, and their parents completed some scales regarding behavioural problems of their children. Patients performed worse than controls in all three tasks of emotion processing, and even worse in the second and third tasks. However, they performed above chance level in all three tasks, and the results were independent of IQ, age and gender. The analysis of error patterns suggests that patients tend to coarsely categorize situations as either attractive or repulsive and also that they have difficulties in differentiating emotions that are associated with threats. An isolated association between the tasks of emotion and behaviour was found, showing that the more frequently patients with 22q11.2DS perceive happiness where there is not, the less they exhibit aggressive behaviour.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:We describe the first radiographic clinic in the literature for DDH and how this novel clinic can significantly improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of service in a tertiary referral centre. AIMS:A radiographic clinic for the management of developmental dysplasia of the hip was introduced in 2017 in our institution. We performed a detailed cost analysis to assess the economic savings made with the introduction of this new clinic. We assessed the efficiency of the service by identifying how many unnecessary outpatient visits were prevented. We also assessed the difference in times from referral to review between the two clinics. METHODS:Analysis of the clinic activity in 2017 was possible as all data was collected prospectively by the DDH CNS and stored in our database. Cost analysis was performed, and the savings made per patient along with the financial benefit to our institution was recorded. RESULTS:The new radiographic clinic reduced the cost of reviewing one patient by €162.51 per patient. There was a 73% discharge rate from the clinic which prevented 251 unnecessary patient visits to the outpatient department over the course of the year. There was a significant 11-day reduction in waiting times between referral and review when comparing the radiographic to the conventional clinic (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:A radiographic clinic for the management of developmental dysplasia of the hip has a significant effect on the efficiency and overall cost-effectiveness of service provision in a tertiary referral centre.
METHODS:INTRODUCTION:Triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO) involves periacetabular osteotomies of the ilium, ischium, and pubis to reorient the acetabulum. This operation is indicated in certain situations for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip, dysplastic neuromuscular hips, and for containment of the femoral head in cases of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. METHODS:This retrospective cohort study compares radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent TPO using two different techniques and describes a novel single-incision direct lateral approach. TPO was performed on 22 patients by the senior author. The first 10 patients underwent TPO through a single-incision anterolateral approach. The last 12 patients underwent TPO using the direct lateral approach. Preoperative and postoperative pelvic radiographs were reviewed for each patient, and the migration index and center-edge angle were recorded. RESULTS:The migration index and center-edge angle were evaluated and were not found to be significantly different between the anterolateral and direct lateral groups. The direct lateral approach is described. CONCLUSION:The direct lateral approach for TPO is equivalent to the anterolateral approach on radiographic evaluation. Advantages of the direct lateral approach include direct visualization of the ischial osteotomy, effective mobilization of the acetabulum, and safety of the sciatic nerve.