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Surgical maxillary advancement and speech resonance: comparison among cleft types.

外科上颌骨前移和言语共振: 裂型间的比较。

  • 影响因子:0
  • DOI:10.1590/2317-1782/20202019152
  • 作者列表:"Medeiros-Santana MNL","Araújo BMAM","Fukushiro AP","Trindade IEK","Yamashita RP
  • 发表时间:2020-01-01
Abstract

:Purpose This study investigated the influence of the cleft type on the appearance of hypernasality after surgical maxillary advancement (MA). Methods Nasality was determined by measurement of nasalance (acoustic correlate of nasality) by nasometry. The study involved analysis of the nasalance scores of 17 individuals with isolated cleft palate (CP), 118 with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and 69 with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), of both sexes, aged 18 to 28 years, after MA. Only individuals with normal nasalance scores indicating balanced resonance before MA were included in this study. Nasometry was performed 3 days before and 15 months after MA, on average. The proportion of patients who presented nasalance scores indicating hypernasality after surgery was calculated by the ANOVA test, and comparison among the different cleft types was evaluated by the chi-square test (p < 0.05). Results No significant difference was found in the proportions of individuals with hypernasality among the cleft types. Conclusion Nasometry showed that the appearance of hypernasality after MA in individuals with cleft palate with or without cleft lip occurred in similar proportions, regardless of the cleft type.

摘要

目的: 本研究探讨裂型对外科上颌前移 (MA) 后多鼻部出现的影响。方法通过鼻部测量 (鼻声相关) 来确定鼻部。本研究涉及 17 例孤立性腭裂 (CP) 、 118 例单侧唇腭裂 (UCLP) 患者的鼻部评分分析 69 例双侧唇腭裂 (BCLP),男女不限,年龄 18 至 28 岁,MA后。本研究仅纳入MA前鼻部评分正常,表明平衡共振的个体。MA前 3 天、MA后 15 个月进行鼻测,平均。通过ANOVA检验计算术后出现鼻评分提示鼻多的患者比例,并通过卡方检验评估不同裂型之间的比较 (p <0.05)。结果在裂型中,多鼻症个体的比例无显著性差异。结论鼻测量显示,无论唇裂类型如何,腭裂伴或不伴唇裂个体发生MA后多鼻部的比例相似。

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影响因子:3.51
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作者列表:["Peyroux E","Babinet MN","Cannarsa C","Madelaine C","Favre E","Demily C","Michael GA"]

METHODS::Impairments in social cognition have been frequently described in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) and are thought to be a hallmark of difficulties in social interactions. The present study addresses aspects that are critical for everyday social cognitive functioning but have received little attention so far. Sixteen children with 22q11.2DS and 22 controls completed 1 task of facial expression recognition, 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to faceless characters involved in visually presented social interactions, and 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to characters involved in aurally presented dialogues. All three tasks have in common to involve processing of emotions. All participants also completed two tasks of attention and two tasks of visual spatial perception, and their parents completed some scales regarding behavioural problems of their children. Patients performed worse than controls in all three tasks of emotion processing, and even worse in the second and third tasks. However, they performed above chance level in all three tasks, and the results were independent of IQ, age and gender. The analysis of error patterns suggests that patients tend to coarsely categorize situations as either attractive or repulsive and also that they have difficulties in differentiating emotions that are associated with threats. An isolated association between the tasks of emotion and behaviour was found, showing that the more frequently patients with 22q11.2DS perceive happiness where there is not, the less they exhibit aggressive behaviour.

影响因子:0.95
发表时间:2020-02-01
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影响因子:2.43
发表时间:2020-01-15
DOI:10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00918
作者列表:["Grigoryan G","Korcek L","Eidelman M","Paley D","Nelson S"]

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