Life-threatening muscle complications of COL4A1-related disorder.
- 作者列表："Okano S","Shimada S","Tanaka R","Okayama A","Kajihama A","Suzuki N","Nakau K","Takahashi S","Matsumoto N","Saitsu H","Tanboon J","Nishino I","Azuma H
:COL4A1-related disorder is recognized as a systemic disease because the alpha 1 chain of type IV collagen, encoded by COL4A1, is essential for basement membrane stability. However, muscular manifestations related to this disorder are rarely reported. We report the case of a 2-year-old boy with porencephaly, who harbored a de novo COL4A1 mutation of c.1853G > A, p. (Gly618Glu) and exhibited recurrent rhabdomyolysis with viral or bacterial infections. Moreover, he developed obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy which required surgical intervention. Skeletal muscle biopsy revealed findings compatible with fiber-type disproportion. Ultrastructural study demonstrated the similar findings previously reported in mice with Col4a1 mutation including collagen disarray and reduction of electron density in the basement membrane of capillary endothelial cells and muscle fibers. Dilated endoplasmic reticulum in the capillary endothelial cells is also noted. This report adds another disease spectrum of COL4A1 mutation which include porencephaly, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, rhabdomyolysis and fiber-type disproportion.
: COL4A1-related疾病是一种全身性疾病，因为COL4A1 编码的IV型胶原 α 1 链对基底膜的稳定性至关重要。然而，与这种疾病相关的肌肉表现很少报道。我们报道了 1 例 2 岁男孩脑孔畸形，携带c.1853G> a a，p的新生COL4A1 突变。(Gly618Glu) 并表现出复发性横纹肌溶解伴病毒或细菌感染。此外，他发展为梗阻性肥厚型心肌病，需要手术干预。骨骼肌活检发现与纤维型比例失调相容。超微结构研究证明了以前在Col4a1 突变小鼠中报道的类似发现，包括胶原紊乱和毛细血管内皮细胞和肌纤维基底膜电子密度降低。毛细血管内皮细胞内质网扩张。本报告增加了COL4A1 突变的另一疾病谱，包括脑孔畸形、肥厚型心肌病、横纹肌溶解症和纤维型比例失调。
METHODS::Impairments in social cognition have been frequently described in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) and are thought to be a hallmark of difficulties in social interactions. The present study addresses aspects that are critical for everyday social cognitive functioning but have received little attention so far. Sixteen children with 22q11.2DS and 22 controls completed 1 task of facial expression recognition, 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to faceless characters involved in visually presented social interactions, and 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to characters involved in aurally presented dialogues. All three tasks have in common to involve processing of emotions. All participants also completed two tasks of attention and two tasks of visual spatial perception, and their parents completed some scales regarding behavioural problems of their children. Patients performed worse than controls in all three tasks of emotion processing, and even worse in the second and third tasks. However, they performed above chance level in all three tasks, and the results were independent of IQ, age and gender. The analysis of error patterns suggests that patients tend to coarsely categorize situations as either attractive or repulsive and also that they have difficulties in differentiating emotions that are associated with threats. An isolated association between the tasks of emotion and behaviour was found, showing that the more frequently patients with 22q11.2DS perceive happiness where there is not, the less they exhibit aggressive behaviour.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:We describe the first radiographic clinic in the literature for DDH and how this novel clinic can significantly improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of service in a tertiary referral centre. AIMS:A radiographic clinic for the management of developmental dysplasia of the hip was introduced in 2017 in our institution. We performed a detailed cost analysis to assess the economic savings made with the introduction of this new clinic. We assessed the efficiency of the service by identifying how many unnecessary outpatient visits were prevented. We also assessed the difference in times from referral to review between the two clinics. METHODS:Analysis of the clinic activity in 2017 was possible as all data was collected prospectively by the DDH CNS and stored in our database. Cost analysis was performed, and the savings made per patient along with the financial benefit to our institution was recorded. RESULTS:The new radiographic clinic reduced the cost of reviewing one patient by €162.51 per patient. There was a 73% discharge rate from the clinic which prevented 251 unnecessary patient visits to the outpatient department over the course of the year. There was a significant 11-day reduction in waiting times between referral and review when comparing the radiographic to the conventional clinic (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:A radiographic clinic for the management of developmental dysplasia of the hip has a significant effect on the efficiency and overall cost-effectiveness of service provision in a tertiary referral centre.
METHODS:INTRODUCTION:Triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO) involves periacetabular osteotomies of the ilium, ischium, and pubis to reorient the acetabulum. This operation is indicated in certain situations for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip, dysplastic neuromuscular hips, and for containment of the femoral head in cases of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. METHODS:This retrospective cohort study compares radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent TPO using two different techniques and describes a novel single-incision direct lateral approach. TPO was performed on 22 patients by the senior author. The first 10 patients underwent TPO through a single-incision anterolateral approach. The last 12 patients underwent TPO using the direct lateral approach. Preoperative and postoperative pelvic radiographs were reviewed for each patient, and the migration index and center-edge angle were recorded. RESULTS:The migration index and center-edge angle were evaluated and were not found to be significantly different between the anterolateral and direct lateral groups. The direct lateral approach is described. CONCLUSION:The direct lateral approach for TPO is equivalent to the anterolateral approach on radiographic evaluation. Advantages of the direct lateral approach include direct visualization of the ischial osteotomy, effective mobilization of the acetabulum, and safety of the sciatic nerve.