A novel pathogenic variant in MYO18B associating early-onset muscular hypotonia, and characteristic dysmorphic features, delineation of the phenotypic spectrum of MYO18B-related conditions.
- 作者列表："Brunet T","Westphal DS","Weber S","Juenger H","Vlaho S","Hoefele J","Meitinger T","Rieger-Fackeldey E","Wagner M
:Homozygous loss-of-function variants in MYO18B have been associated with congenital myopathy, facial dysmorphism and Klippel-Feil anomaly. So far, only four patients have been reported. Comprehensive description of new cases that help to highlight recurrent features and to further delineate the phenotypic spectrum are still missing. We present the fifth case of MYO18B-associated disease in a newborn male patient. Trio exome sequencing identified the previously unreported homozygous nonsense variant c.6433C>T, p.(Arg2145*) in MYO18B (NM_032608.5). While most phenotypic features of our patient align with previously reported cases, we describe the prenatal features for the first time. Taking the phenotypic description of our patient into account, we propose that the core phenotype comprises a severe congenital myopathy with feeding difficulties in infancy and characteristic dysmorphic features.
: MYO18B纯合子功能缺失变异与先天性肌病、面部畸形和Klippel-Feil异常有关。到目前为止，只有 4 名患者被报道。有助于突出复发特征和进一步描绘表型谱的新病例的综合描述仍然缺失。我们介绍了第五例新生儿男性患者MYO18B-associated病。T rio外显子组测序iden t ified t he previous unrepor t ed纯合子无义varian t c.6433C>T，p.(Arg2145 *) in MYO18B (NM_032608.5)。虽然我们患者的大多数表型特征与以前报道的病例一致，但我们首次描述了产前特征。考虑到我们患者的表型描述，我们提出核心表型包括婴儿期喂养困难的严重先天性肌病和特征性的畸形特征。
METHODS::Impairments in social cognition have been frequently described in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) and are thought to be a hallmark of difficulties in social interactions. The present study addresses aspects that are critical for everyday social cognitive functioning but have received little attention so far. Sixteen children with 22q11.2DS and 22 controls completed 1 task of facial expression recognition, 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to faceless characters involved in visually presented social interactions, and 1 task of attribution of facial expressions to characters involved in aurally presented dialogues. All three tasks have in common to involve processing of emotions. All participants also completed two tasks of attention and two tasks of visual spatial perception, and their parents completed some scales regarding behavioural problems of their children. Patients performed worse than controls in all three tasks of emotion processing, and even worse in the second and third tasks. However, they performed above chance level in all three tasks, and the results were independent of IQ, age and gender. The analysis of error patterns suggests that patients tend to coarsely categorize situations as either attractive or repulsive and also that they have difficulties in differentiating emotions that are associated with threats. An isolated association between the tasks of emotion and behaviour was found, showing that the more frequently patients with 22q11.2DS perceive happiness where there is not, the less they exhibit aggressive behaviour.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:We describe the first radiographic clinic in the literature for DDH and how this novel clinic can significantly improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of service in a tertiary referral centre. AIMS:A radiographic clinic for the management of developmental dysplasia of the hip was introduced in 2017 in our institution. We performed a detailed cost analysis to assess the economic savings made with the introduction of this new clinic. We assessed the efficiency of the service by identifying how many unnecessary outpatient visits were prevented. We also assessed the difference in times from referral to review between the two clinics. METHODS:Analysis of the clinic activity in 2017 was possible as all data was collected prospectively by the DDH CNS and stored in our database. Cost analysis was performed, and the savings made per patient along with the financial benefit to our institution was recorded. RESULTS:The new radiographic clinic reduced the cost of reviewing one patient by €162.51 per patient. There was a 73% discharge rate from the clinic which prevented 251 unnecessary patient visits to the outpatient department over the course of the year. There was a significant 11-day reduction in waiting times between referral and review when comparing the radiographic to the conventional clinic (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:A radiographic clinic for the management of developmental dysplasia of the hip has a significant effect on the efficiency and overall cost-effectiveness of service provision in a tertiary referral centre.
METHODS:INTRODUCTION:Triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO) involves periacetabular osteotomies of the ilium, ischium, and pubis to reorient the acetabulum. This operation is indicated in certain situations for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip, dysplastic neuromuscular hips, and for containment of the femoral head in cases of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. METHODS:This retrospective cohort study compares radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent TPO using two different techniques and describes a novel single-incision direct lateral approach. TPO was performed on 22 patients by the senior author. The first 10 patients underwent TPO through a single-incision anterolateral approach. The last 12 patients underwent TPO using the direct lateral approach. Preoperative and postoperative pelvic radiographs were reviewed for each patient, and the migration index and center-edge angle were recorded. RESULTS:The migration index and center-edge angle were evaluated and were not found to be significantly different between the anterolateral and direct lateral groups. The direct lateral approach is described. CONCLUSION:The direct lateral approach for TPO is equivalent to the anterolateral approach on radiographic evaluation. Advantages of the direct lateral approach include direct visualization of the ischial osteotomy, effective mobilization of the acetabulum, and safety of the sciatic nerve.