Risk Factors for Symptomatic Contralateral Foraminal Stenosis After Unilateral Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion.
- 作者列表："Hwang SH","Park SW","Kim YB
OBJECTIVE:The most common cause of contralateral symptoms after unilateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is contralateral foraminal stenosis (FS). This retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate the cause of and risk factors for contralateral FS after unilateral TLIF with a single cage. METHODS:Patients with degenerative lumbar spinal disorders who underwent unilateral TLIF at L4-5 were divided into 2 groups: those without contralateral radicular symptoms after surgery (group A; n = 340) and those with contralateral radicular symptoms after surgery (group B; n = 16). We investigated the influence of various radiological and cage-related factors on postoperative contralateral FS with radicular symptoms. The cage location indicates whether the cage's anterior tip crosses the disc midline-exceeding 50%-and in such a case, how far. RESULTS:Group B showed significantly increased postoperative coronal angle and sagittal angle and decreased contralateral foraminal height and foraminal area. Statistically significant (P < 0.01) factors according to the multivariate logistic regression analysis were the preoperative sagittal range of motion (odds ratio [OR]: 1.562, P = 0.004) and cage location (OR: 2.047, P = 0.015). The cutoff values for the sagittal range of motion and the cage location were 9.0° and 50.5%, respectively. The preoperative and postoperative 6-month visual analog scale scores and Oswestry disability index values were not significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSIONS:The 2 most meaningful risk factors were the preoperative sagittal range of motion and cage location. Inserting the cage beyond the disc midline, especially in patients with a high preoperative sagittal range of motion (≥9.0°), would help reduce postoperative complications.
目的: 单侧经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术 (TLIF) 后出现对侧症状的最常见原因是对侧椎间孔狭窄 (FS)。本回顾性队列研究旨在探讨单侧TLIF单笼术后对侧FS的原因和危险因素。 方法: 将L4-5 行单侧TLIF的退行性腰椎疾患患者分为 2 组: 术后无对侧神经根症状者 (A组; n = 340) 和术后出现对侧神经根症状者 (B组; n = 16)。我们研究了各种放射学和cage相关因素对术后对侧FS伴神经根症状的影响。笼的位置表示笼的前尖端是否穿过椎间盘中线-超过 50%-在这种情况下，有多远。 结果: B组术后冠状位角和矢状位角明显增大，对侧椎间孔高度和椎间孔面积明显减小。经多因素logistic回归分析有统计学意义 (P < 0.01) 的因素为术前矢状位活动度 (优势比 [OR]: 1.562，P = 0.004) 和笼位 (OR: 2.047，P = 0.015)。矢状活动度和笼状位置的截断值分别为 9.0 ° 和 50.5%。术前和术后 6 个月视觉模拟量表评分和Oswestry残疾指数值在组间无显著差异。 结论: 术前矢状活动度和cage位置是 2 个最有意义的危险因素。将cage插入椎间盘中线以外，特别是在术前矢状活动度较高 (≥ 9.0 °) 的患者中，将有助于减少术后并发症。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication after orthopedic surgery, which is not conducive to the prognosis of the elderly. AIMS:We performed this study to investigate the effects of oxycodone applied for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) on postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS:Ninety-nine participants were enrolled and allocated into two groups: oxycodone group (group O) and sufentanil group (group S). The primary outcome was the incidence of POCD, diagnosed according to the changes in the Mini-mental status examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores. The secondary outcomes included the plasma levels of S-100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE), the amount of postoperative analgesic consumption and the incidence of adverse reactions. RESULTS:The incidence of POCD was significantly lower in patients receiving oxycodone up to the 3rd postoperative day (POD, 1st POD 27.3% vs. 51.1%, P = 0.021; 3rd POD 20.5% vs. 40.0%, P = 0.045), as compared to patients receiving sufentanil. The MMSE and MoCA scores of both groups decreased to varying degrees. However, compared with group S, the MMSE scores at 1st POD, 3rd POD, 5th POD and 7st POD in group O were higher than that in group S, while MoCA scores at 1st POD, 3rd POD and 5th POD in group O were higher. Compared with group S, the plasma levels of S-100B protein in group O at 4 h, 8 h, 12 h post-surgery were lower. While the plasma levels of NSE in group O at 4 h, 8 h, 12 h, 24 h post-surgery were lower. Number of PCIA boluses and consumption of analgesic drug during the first two POD were similar between two groups. However, postoperative incidence of nausea, vomiting and pruritus was significantly lower in patients receiving oxycodone. CONCLUSION:Oxycodone applied for PCIA in elderly patients after THA could reduce the incidence of POCD, improve postoperative cognitive function and decrease the adverse reactions.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Primary treatment for Blount disease has changed in the last decade from osteotomies or staples to tension band plate (TBP)-guided hemiepiphysiodesis. However, implant-related issues have been frequently reported with Blount cases. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the surgical failure rates of TBP in Blount disease and characterize predictors for failure. METHODS:We performed an Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective chart-review of pediatric patients with Blount disease to evaluate the results of TBP from 2008 to 2017 and a systematic literature review. Blount cases defined as pathologic tibia-vara with HKA (hip-knee-ankle) axis and MDA (metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle) deviations ≥11 degrees were included in the analysis. Surgical failure was categorized as mechanical and functional failure. We studied both patient and implant-related characteristics and compared our results with a systematic review. RESULTS:In 61 limbs of 40 patients with mean follow-up of 38 months, we found 41% (25/61) overall surgical failure rate and 11% (7/61) mechanical failure rate corresponding to 11% to 100% (range) and 0% to 50% (range) in 8 other studies. Statistical comparison between our surgical failure and nonfailure groups showed significant differences in deformity (P=0.001), plate material (P=0.042), and obesity (P=0.044) in univariate analysis. The odds of surgical failure increased by 1.2 times with severe deformity and 5.9 times with titanium TBP in the multivariate analysis after individual risk-factor adjustment. All 7 mechanical failures involved breakage of cannulated screws on the metaphyseal side. CONCLUSIONS:Most of the studies have reported high failure rates of TBP in Blount cases. Besides patient-related risk factors like obesity and deformity, titanium TBP seems to be an independent risk factor for failure. Solid screws were protective for mechanical failure, but not for functional failure. In conclusion, efficacy of TBP still needs to be proven in Blount disease and implant design may warrant reassessment. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Level III-retrospective comparative study with a systematic review.
METHODS:INTRODUCTION:As cancer treatments continue to improve the overall survival rates, more patients with a history of cancer will present for anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Therefore, it is essential for orthopaedic surgeons to understand the differences in care required by this growing subpopulation. Although the current research suggests that good outcomes can be predicted when appropriately optimized patients with cancer undergo lower extremity total joint arthroplasty, similar studies for TSA are lacking. The primary study question was to examine whether a history of cancer was associated with an increased rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after TSA. Secondarily, we sought to examine any association between a history of prostate and breast cancer and surgical or medical complications after TSA. METHODS:Using a national insurance database, male patients with a history of prostate cancer and female patients with a history of breast cancer undergoing anatomic TSA for primary osteoarthritis were identified and compared with control subjects matched 3:1 based on age, sex, diabetes mellitus, and tobacco use. Patients with a history of VTE and patients who underwent reverse TSA or hemiarthroplasty were excluded. RESULTS:Female patients with a history of breast cancer and male patients with a history of prostate cancer undergoing TSA had significantly higher incidences of acute VTE (including deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) compared with matched control subjects (female patients: odds ratio, 1.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.10 to 1.81; P = 0.024 and male patients: odds ratio, 1.37; 95% confidence interval, 1.05 to 1.79; P = 0.023). No significant differences were noted in the incidences of any other complications assessed. CONCLUSION:Although a personal history of these malignancies does represent a statistically significant risk factor for acute VTE after anatomic TSA, the overall VTE rate remains modest and acceptable. The rates of other surgical and medical complications are not significantly increased in patients with a history of these cancers after TSA compared with control subjects.