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Simultaneous ossicle resection and lateral ligament repair give excellent clinical results with an early return to physical activity in pediatric and adolescent patients with chronic lateral ankle instability and os subfibulare.

同时进行听小骨切除和外侧韧带修复,在慢性外侧踝关节不稳和os亚纤维韧带的儿童和青少年患者中早期恢复体力活动,获得了极好的临床结果。

  • 影响因子:3.28
  • DOI:10.1007/s00167-019-05718-6
  • 作者列表:"Kubo M","Yasui Y","Sasahara J","Miki S","Kawano H","Miyamoto W
  • 发表时间:2020-01-01
Abstract

PURPOSE:To elucidate surgical outcomes in pediatric/adolescent patients with chronic lateral ankle instability and os subfibulare. METHODS:A retrospective chart review was conducted of pediatric/adolescent patients with chronic lateral ankle instability and os subfibulare following simultaneous ossicle resection and lateral ligament repair using suture anchors with subsequent immediate full weightbearing and active range of motion exercises for the ankle in our department between 2013 and 2017. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by comparing preoperative and final follow-up American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Scale (AOFAS) and Karlsson-Peterson ankle function scores. Intervals between surgery and return to physical education in school were determined. RESULTS:31 feet of 15 male and 16 female patients were examined. Mean postoperative follow-up duration was 40.7 ± 12.7 (range 24-66) months. Mean AOFAS score increased significantly from 66.3 ± 2.5 (range 62-77) preoperatively to 96.5 ± 4.9 (range 87-100) at final follow-up (p < 0.001). Mean Karlsson-Peterson score increased significantly from 51.7 ± 4.0 (range 47-70) preoperatively to 95.3 ± 6.7 (range 80-100) at final follow-up (p < 0.001). Mean interval between surgery and return to physical education in school was 11.4 ± 1.6 (range 10-18) weeks. CONCLUSION:Simultaneous ossicle resection and lateral ligament repair using suture anchors with subsequent immediate full weightbearing and active ankle range of motion exercises may give excellent clinical outcomes with early return to physical activity for chronic lateral ankle instability with os subfibulare in pediatric/adolescent patients desiring an early return to physical activity. Level of evidence III.

摘要

目的: 阐明儿童/青少年慢性踝关节外侧不稳和os亚fibulare患者的手术疗效。 方法: 对患有慢性外侧踝关节不稳和os的儿童/青少年患者进行了回顾性图表回顾,这些患者在同时进行听小骨切除和外侧韧带修复后使用缝合锚钉,随后立即完全负重和活动范围。2013 年至 2017 年间在我科进行踝关节锻炼。通过比较术前和最终随访美国骨科足踝学会踝-后足量表 (AOFAS) 和Karlsson-Peterson踝关节功能评分来评价临床结局。确定手术和重返学校体育课的间隔时间。 结果: 15 例男性和 16 例女性患者中有 31英尺例接受了检查。平均术后随访时间为 40.7 ± 12.7 (范围 24-66) 个月。平均AOFAS评分从术前的 66.3 ± 2.5 (范围 62-77) 显著增加到 96.5 ± 4.9 (范围 87-100) 最终随访时 (p <0.001)。平均Karlsson-Peterson评分从术前的 51.7 ± 4.0 (范围 47-70) 显著增加到 95.3 ± 6.7 (范围 80-100) 最终随访时 (p <0.001)。手术和重返学校体育的平均间隔时间为 11.4 ± 1.6 (范围 10-18) 周。 结论: 同时进行听小骨切除和外侧韧带修复 (使用缝合锚钉),随后立即进行完全负重和积极的踝关节活动度练习,对于伴有os的慢性外侧踝关节不稳定,可以早期恢复体力活动,从而获得极好的临床效果。渴望早期恢复体力活动的儿童/青少年患者的皮下注射。证据级别III。

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DOI:10.1007/s40520-019-01202-w
作者列表:["Gan J","Tu Q","Miao S","Lei T","Cui X","Yan J","Zhang J"]

METHODS:BACKGROUND:Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common complication after orthopedic surgery, which is not conducive to the prognosis of the elderly. AIMS:We performed this study to investigate the effects of oxycodone applied for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) on postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS:Ninety-nine participants were enrolled and allocated into two groups: oxycodone group (group O) and sufentanil group (group S). The primary outcome was the incidence of POCD, diagnosed according to the changes in the Mini-mental status examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores. The secondary outcomes included the plasma levels of S-100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE), the amount of postoperative analgesic consumption and the incidence of adverse reactions. RESULTS:The incidence of POCD was significantly lower in patients receiving oxycodone up to the 3rd postoperative day (POD, 1st POD 27.3% vs. 51.1%, P = 0.021; 3rd POD 20.5% vs. 40.0%, P = 0.045), as compared to patients receiving sufentanil. The MMSE and MoCA scores of both groups decreased to varying degrees. However, compared with group S, the MMSE scores at 1st POD, 3rd POD, 5th POD and 7st POD in group O were higher than that in group S, while MoCA scores at 1st POD, 3rd POD and 5th POD in group O were higher. Compared with group S, the plasma levels of S-100B protein in group O at 4 h, 8 h, 12 h post-surgery were lower. While the plasma levels of NSE in group O at 4 h, 8 h, 12 h, 24 h post-surgery were lower. Number of PCIA boluses and consumption of analgesic drug during the first two POD were similar between two groups. However, postoperative incidence of nausea, vomiting and pruritus was significantly lower in patients receiving oxycodone. CONCLUSION:Oxycodone applied for PCIA in elderly patients after THA could reduce the incidence of POCD, improve postoperative cognitive function and decrease the adverse reactions.

影响因子:1.69
发表时间:2020-02-01
DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000001393
作者列表:["Jain MJ","Inneh IA","Zhu H","Phillips WA"]

METHODS:BACKGROUND:Primary treatment for Blount disease has changed in the last decade from osteotomies or staples to tension band plate (TBP)-guided hemiepiphysiodesis. However, implant-related issues have been frequently reported with Blount cases. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the surgical failure rates of TBP in Blount disease and characterize predictors for failure. METHODS:We performed an Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective chart-review of pediatric patients with Blount disease to evaluate the results of TBP from 2008 to 2017 and a systematic literature review. Blount cases defined as pathologic tibia-vara with HKA (hip-knee-ankle) axis and MDA (metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle) deviations ≥11 degrees were included in the analysis. Surgical failure was categorized as mechanical and functional failure. We studied both patient and implant-related characteristics and compared our results with a systematic review. RESULTS:In 61 limbs of 40 patients with mean follow-up of 38 months, we found 41% (25/61) overall surgical failure rate and 11% (7/61) mechanical failure rate corresponding to 11% to 100% (range) and 0% to 50% (range) in 8 other studies. Statistical comparison between our surgical failure and nonfailure groups showed significant differences in deformity (P=0.001), plate material (P=0.042), and obesity (P=0.044) in univariate analysis. The odds of surgical failure increased by 1.2 times with severe deformity and 5.9 times with titanium TBP in the multivariate analysis after individual risk-factor adjustment. All 7 mechanical failures involved breakage of cannulated screws on the metaphyseal side. CONCLUSIONS:Most of the studies have reported high failure rates of TBP in Blount cases. Besides patient-related risk factors like obesity and deformity, titanium TBP seems to be an independent risk factor for failure. Solid screws were protective for mechanical failure, but not for functional failure. In conclusion, efficacy of TBP still needs to be proven in Blount disease and implant design may warrant reassessment. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Level III-retrospective comparative study with a systematic review.

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影响因子:2.43
发表时间:2020-01-15
DOI:10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00777
作者列表:["Chen DQ","Montgomery SR Jr","Cancienne JM","Werner BC"]

METHODS:INTRODUCTION:As cancer treatments continue to improve the overall survival rates, more patients with a history of cancer will present for anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Therefore, it is essential for orthopaedic surgeons to understand the differences in care required by this growing subpopulation. Although the current research suggests that good outcomes can be predicted when appropriately optimized patients with cancer undergo lower extremity total joint arthroplasty, similar studies for TSA are lacking. The primary study question was to examine whether a history of cancer was associated with an increased rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after TSA. Secondarily, we sought to examine any association between a history of prostate and breast cancer and surgical or medical complications after TSA. METHODS:Using a national insurance database, male patients with a history of prostate cancer and female patients with a history of breast cancer undergoing anatomic TSA for primary osteoarthritis were identified and compared with control subjects matched 3:1 based on age, sex, diabetes mellitus, and tobacco use. Patients with a history of VTE and patients who underwent reverse TSA or hemiarthroplasty were excluded. RESULTS:Female patients with a history of breast cancer and male patients with a history of prostate cancer undergoing TSA had significantly higher incidences of acute VTE (including deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) compared with matched control subjects (female patients: odds ratio, 1.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.10 to 1.81; P = 0.024 and male patients: odds ratio, 1.37; 95% confidence interval, 1.05 to 1.79; P = 0.023). No significant differences were noted in the incidences of any other complications assessed. CONCLUSION:Although a personal history of these malignancies does represent a statistically significant risk factor for acute VTE after anatomic TSA, the overall VTE rate remains modest and acceptable. The rates of other surgical and medical complications are not significantly increased in patients with a history of these cancers after TSA compared with control subjects.

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