Candidate lncRNA-microRNA-mRNA networks in predicting non-small cell lung cancer and related prognosis analysis.
- 作者列表："Li S","Cui Z","Zhao Y","Ma S","Sun Y","Li H","Gao M","Li N","Wang Y","Tong L","Song M","Yin Z
PURPOSE:The role of non-coding RNA, once thought to be dark matter, is increasingly prominent in cancer. Our article explores the effect of non-coding RNA in lung adenocarcinoma and lung squamous cell carcinoma by mining TCGA public database. METHODS:Download the data by applying the official TCGA software. The data were analyzed by R data analysis packages, 'edgeR', 'gplots' and 'survival'. We better illustrate the potential networks of lung cancer genes by constructing ceRNAs, using Cytoscape software. RESULTS:We obtained genes which were differentially expressed in lung adenocarcinoma and lung squamous cell carcinoma analysis. Within these differentially expressed genes, we also conducted a survival analysis to find differentially expressed genes associated with prognosis in both lung adenocarcinoma and lung squamous cell carcinoma. Based on genes differentially expressed of both lung adenocarcinoma and lung squamous cell carcinoma, we constructed a ceRNA network to illustrate the mechanism of lung adenocarcinoma and lung squamous cell carcinoma. Our study analyzed genes which were differentially expressed in lung adenocarcinoma and lung squamous cell carcinoma using the TCGA database. CONCLUSION:Based on this, the prognosis in both lung squamous cell carcinoma and lung adenocarcinoma was analyzed. We have also constructed a ceRNA network to provide a basis for the study of ceRNA in lung adenocarcinoma and lung squamous cell carcinoma.
目的: 曾经被认为是暗物质的非编码RNA在癌症中的作用日益突出。我们的文章通过挖掘TCGA公共数据库探讨非编码RNA在肺腺癌和肺鳞癌中的作用。 方法: 应用官方TCGA软件下载数据。通过R数据分析包 “edger” 、 “gplots” 和 “survival” 分析数据。我们通过构建ceRNAs，使用Cytoscape软件更好地说明了肺癌基因的潜在网络。 结果: 我们获得了在肺腺癌和肺鳞癌中差异表达的基因。在这些差异表达基因中，我们还进行了生存分析，以找到与肺腺癌和肺鳞癌预后相关的差异表达基因。基于肺腺癌和肺鳞癌的差异表达基因，我们构建了一个ceRNA网络来阐明肺腺癌和肺鳞癌的机制。我们的研究使用TCGA数据库分析了在肺腺癌和肺鳞癌中差异表达的基因。 结论: 在此基础上分析肺鳞癌和肺腺癌的预后。我们还构建了ceRNA网络，为肺腺癌和肺鳞癌中ceRNA的研究提供基础。
METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.
METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.
METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.