Differential 18F-FDG and 18F-Fluciclovine Uptake Pattern in a Patient With Poorly Differentiated Adenocarcinoma of the Lung and Prostate Cancer Biochemical Recurrence.
1 例肺低分化腺癌和前列腺癌生化复发患者的 18F-FDG和 18F-Fluciclovine摄取模式差异。
- 作者列表："Nguyen NC","Muthukrishnan A","Mountz JM
:A 72-year-old man with a history of T1cN0M0 prostate adenocarcinoma and rising prostate-specific antigen underwent a fluciclovine PET/CT scan that showed high uptake in several para-aortic nodes, suspicious for prostate cancer. A right upper lobe single pulmonary nodule (SPN), demonstrated only mild uptake, which raised the suspicion for a lung primary. Subsequent FDG PET/CT showed high uptake in the SPN, revealing poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma at biopsy, but with no abnormal uptake in the para-aortic nodes. This case highlights the complementary potential of fluciclovine and FDG PET in patients with a history of prostate cancer biochemical recurrence and SPN.
: 一名 72 岁男性，有T1cN0M0 前列腺腺癌病史，前列腺特异性抗原升高，行fluciclovine PET/ct扫描，显示数个主动脉旁淋巴结高摄取，可疑前列腺癌。右肺上叶单个肺结节 (SPN)，仅显示轻度摄取，这引起对肺原发性的怀疑。随后的FDG PET/CT显示SPN高摄取，显示活检时低分化腺癌，但主动脉旁淋巴结无异常摄取。本病例强调了在具有前列腺癌生化复发和SPN病史的患者中fluciclovine和FDG PET的互补潜力。
METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.
METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.
METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.