mPRα mediates P4/Org OD02-0 to improve the sensitivity of lung adenocarcinoma to EGFR-TKIs via the EGFR-SRC-ERK1/2 pathway.
Mpr α 介导P4/Org OD02-0 通过EGFR-SRC-ERK1/2 通路提高肺腺癌对EGFR-TKIs的敏感性。
- 作者列表："Lu X","Guan A","Chen X","Xiao J","Xie M","Yang B","He S","You S","Li W","Chen Q
:The discovery of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations has made EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) a milestone in the treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, patients lacking EGFR mutations are not sensitive to EGFR-TKI treatment and the emergence of secondary resistance poses new challenges for the targeted therapy of lung cancer. In this study, we identified that the expression of membrane progesterone receptor α (mPRα) was associated with EGFR mutations in lung adenocarcinoma patients and subsequently affected the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs. Progesterone (P4) or its derivative Org OD02-0 (Org), which is mediated by mPRα, increases the function of EGFR-TKIs to suppress the proliferation, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the mPRα pathway triggers delayed resistance to EGFR-TKIs. Mechanistic investigations demonstrated that the mPRα pathway can crosstalk with the EGFR pathway by activating nongenomic effects to inhibit the EGFR-SRC-ERK1/2 pathway, thereby promoting antitumorigenic effects. In conclusion, our data describe an essential role for mPRα in improving sensitivity to EGFR-TKIs, thus rationalizing its potential as a therapeutic target for lung adenocarcinomas.
: 表皮生长因子受体 (EGFR) 突变的发现使EGFR酪氨酸激酶抑制剂 (egfr-tkis) 成为治疗晚期非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC) 的里程碑。然而，缺乏EGFR突变的患者对egfr-tki治疗不敏感，继发性耐药的出现对肺癌的靶向治疗提出了新的挑战。在这项研究中，我们发现膜孕酮受体 α (mpr α) 的表达与肺腺癌患者的EGFR突变相关，并随后影响EGFR-TKIs的疗效。孕酮 (P4) 或其衍生物Org OD02-0 (Org)，由mpr α 介导，增加EGFR-tki的功能，抑制增殖，迁移，和肺腺癌细胞的体内外侵袭能力。此外，mpr α 途径触发对egfr-tki的延迟抗性。机制研究表明，mpr α 途径可以通过激活非基因组效应与EGFR途径串扰，以抑制EGFR-SRC-ERK1/2 途径，从而促进抗肿瘤作用。总之，我们的数据描述了mpr α 在提高对EGFR-TKIs的敏感性中的重要作用，从而使其作为肺腺癌治疗靶点的潜力合理化。
METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.
METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.
METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.