The miRNA-149-5p/MyD88 axis is responsible for ursolic acid-mediated attenuation of the stemness and chemoresistance of non-small cell lung cancer cells.
- 作者列表："Chen Q","Luo J","Wu C","Lu H","Cai S","Bao C","Liu D","Kong J
:Although the inhibitory roles of ursolic acid (UA) have been established in various tumors, its effects on the stemness of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells are still unclear. Here, we constructed NSCLC cells with paclitaxel resistance (A549-PR) and showed that A549-PR exhibited a remarkably stronger stemness than the parental A549 cells, which is evident by the increase of spheroid formation capacity, stemness marker expression, and ALDH1 activity. Additionally, UA significantly reduced the stemness and paclitaxel resistance of A549-PR cells. Mechanistic investigations revealed that UA inhibited the miR-149-5p/MyD88 signaling, which is responsible for UA-mediated effects on the stemness of A549-PR cells. Notably, miR-149-5p/MyD88 axis promoted the stemness of A549 cells, while inhibition of this axis attenuated the stemness of A549-PR cells. Therefore, these results suggest that UA could attenuate the stemness and chemoresistance of NSCLC cells through targeting miR-149-5p/MyD88 axis.
: 虽然熊果酸 (UA) 在多种肿瘤中的抑制作用已经被证实，但其对非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC) 细胞干性的影响仍不清楚。在这里，我们构建了具有紫杉醇抗性的NSCLC细胞 (A549-PR)，并显示A549-PR比亲代A549 细胞表现出明显更强的干性，这通过球体形成能力的增加而明显，干性标记表达和ALDH1 活性。此外，UA显著降低A549-PR细胞的干性和紫杉醇抗性。机理研究表明，UA抑制miR-149-5p/MyD88 信号传导，其负责UA介导的对A549-PR细胞干性的影响。值得注意的是，miR-149-5p/MyD88 轴促进A549 细胞的干性，而该轴的抑制减弱A549-PR细胞的干性。因此，这些结果表明UA可通过靶向miR-149-5p/MyD88 轴减弱NSCLC细胞的干性和化学抗性。
METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.
METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.
METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.