- 作者列表："Bera H","Abbasi YF","Lee Ping L","Marbaniang D","Mazumder B","Kumar P","Tambe P","Gajbhiye V","Cun D","Yang M
:Erlotinib-loaded carboxymethyl temarind gum-g-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-montmorillonite based semi-IPN nanocomposites were synthesized and characterized for their in vitro performances for lung cancer therapy. The placebo matrices exhibited outstanding biodegradability and pH-dependent swelling profiles. The molar mass (M¯ c) between the crosslinks of these composites was declined with temperature. The solid state characterization confirmed the semi-IPN architecture of these scaffolds. The corresponding drug-loaded formulations displayed excellent drug-trapping capacity (DEE, 86-97 %) with acceptable zeta potential (-16 to -13 mV) and diameter (967-646 nm). These formulations conferred sustained drug elution profiles (Q8h, 77-99 %) with an initial burst release. The drug release profile of the optimized formulation (F-3) was best fitted in the first order kinetic model with Fickian diffusion driven mechanism. The mucin adsorption to F-3 followed Langmuir isotherms. The results of MTT assay, AO/EB staining and confocal analyses revealed that the ERL-loaded formulation suppressed A549 cell proliferation and induced apoptosis more effectively than pristine drug.
: 合成了负载埃罗替尼的羧甲基temarind胶-g-聚 (N-异丙基丙烯酰胺)-蒙脱土基半IPN纳米复合材料，并表征了其用于肺癌治疗的体外性能。安慰剂基质表现出突出的生物降解性和pH依赖性溶胀特性。这些复合材料的交联之间的摩尔质量 (m ¯ c) 随温度降低。固态表征证实了这些支架的半IPN结构。相应的载药制剂显示出优异的药物捕获能力 (DEE，86-97%)，具有可接受的zeta电位 (-16 至-13 mv mv) 和直径 (967-646 nm nm)。这些制剂赋予具有初始突释的持续药物洗脱曲线 (Q8h，77-99%)。优化制剂 (F-3) 的药物释放曲线最好地拟合在具有Fickian扩散驱动机制的一级动力学模型中。粘蛋白吸附到F-3 遵循Langmuir等温线。MTT测定、AO/EB染色和共聚焦分析的结果表明，装载ERL的制剂比原始药物更有效地抑制A549 细胞增殖和诱导凋亡。
METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.
METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.
METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.