订阅泛读方向 订阅泛读期刊
  • 我的关注
  • 我的关注
  • {{item.title}}


  • {{item.title}}


  • {{item.subscribe_count}}人订阅



The role of steroids in severe CAP.


  • 影响因子:1.07
  • DOI:10.1080/21548331.2020.1720215
  • 作者列表:"Nora D","Nedel W","Lisboa T","Salluh J","Póvoa P
  • 发表时间:2020-02-01

:Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality despite adequate antibiotic therapy. It is the single most common cause of infection-related mortality in the United States. An exaggerated host inflammatory response can potentially be harmful to both the lung and host, and has been associated with treatment failure and mortality. Modulation of inflammatory response may, therefore, be theoretically beneficial. The anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects of steroids seem an attractive therapeutic option in severe CAP patients. Available datapoint to overall shorter time to clinical stability and decreased length-of-stay in CAP patients, with a potential mortality benefit in severe CAP. The level of evidence is, however, low to moderate regarding mortality due to high heterogeneity and insufficient power of data. Furthermore, steroids were deleterious in influenza pneumonia and in patients with pneumococcal pneumonia data suggest a lack of efficacy and potential harm. Both European and American guidelines recommend not using corticosteroids in CAP. Patients who might benefit and those that can be harmed from steroids remain to be clearly identified, as does the ideal steroid for CAP patients, based on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. It is essential for future studies to avoid the same methodological bias present in the available data so that high-quality evidence on the true role of steroids in CAP can be provided.


: 尽管有足够的抗生素治疗,社区获得性肺炎 (CAP) 仍是发病率和死亡率的主要原因。它是美国感染相关死亡的单一最常见原因。过度的宿主炎症反应可能对肺和宿主都有害,并且与治疗失败和死亡率相关。因此,炎症反应的调节在理论上可能是有益的。在重度CAP患者中,类固醇的抗炎和免疫抑制作用似乎是有吸引力的治疗选择。可用数据表明,CAP患者达到临床稳定的时间总体较短,住院时间缩短,严重CAP患者有潜在的死亡率获益.然而,由于高度异质性和数据力量不足,关于死亡率的证据水平从低到中等。此外,类固醇在流感肺炎中是有害的,并且肺炎球菌肺炎患者的数据表明缺乏功效和潜在危害。欧洲和美国指南都建议在CAP中不使用皮质类固醇。根据药代动力学和药效学特性,可能受益的患者和可能受到类固醇伤害的患者仍有待明确鉴定,CAP患者的理想类固醇也是如此。未来的研究必须避免现有数据中存在的相同方法学偏差,以便能够提供关于类固醇在CAP中真正作用的高质量证据。



来源期刊:Nature immunology
作者列表:["Adrover JM","Aroca-Crevillén A","Crainiciuc G","Ostos F","Rojas-Vega Y","Rubio-Ponce A","Cilloniz C","Bonzón-Kulichenko E","Calvo E","Rico D","Moro MA","Weber C","Lizasoaín I","Torres A","Ruiz-Cabello J","Vázquez J","Hidalgo A"]

METHODS::The antimicrobial functions of neutrophils are facilitated by a defensive armamentarium of proteins stored in granules, and by the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). However, the toxic nature of these structures poses a threat to highly vascularized tissues, such as the lungs. Here, we identified a cell-intrinsic program that modified the neutrophil proteome in the circulation and caused the progressive loss of granule content and reduction of the NET-forming capacity. This program was driven by the receptor CXCR2 and by regulators of circadian cycles. As a consequence, lungs were protected from inflammatory injury at times of day or in mouse mutants in which granule content was low. Changes in the proteome, granule content and NET formation also occurred in human neutrophils, and correlated with the incidence and severity of respiratory distress in pneumonia patients. Our findings unveil a 'disarming' strategy of neutrophils that depletes protein stores to reduce the magnitude of inflammation.

关键词: 暂无
翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
作者列表:["Yang LC","Suen YJ","Wang YH","Lin TC","Yu HC","Chang YC"]

METHODS::Pneumonia is a common respiratory infectious disease that involves the inflammation of the pulmonary parenchyma. Periodontal disease is widespread and correlated with pneumonia. However, the relationship between periodontal treatment and clinical infectious outcomes in patients with pneumonia has remained undetermined. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between periodontal treatment and the risk of pneumonia events in the Taiwanese population. A nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted using data from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). A total of 49,400 chronic periodontitis patients who received periodontal treatment from 2001 to 2012 were selected. In addition, 49,400 healthy individuals without periodontal diseases were picked randomly from the general population after propensity score matching according to age, gender, monthly income, urbanization, and comorbidities. The Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was adopted to assess the hazard ratio (HR) of pneumonia between the periodontal treatment cohort and the comparison cohort. The average ages of the periodontal treatment and comparison groups were 44.25 ± 14.82 years and 44.15 ± 14.5 years, respectively. The follow up durations were 7.66 and 7.41 years for the periodontal treatment and comparison groups, respectively. We found 2504 and 1922 patients with newly diagnosed pneumonia in the comparison cohort and the periodontal treatment cohort, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier plot revealed that the cumulative incidence of pneumonia was significantly lower over the 12 year follow-up period in the periodontal treatment group (using the log-rank test, p < 0.001). In conclusion, this nationwide population-based study indicated that the patients with periodontal treatment exhibited a significantly lower risk of pneumonia than the general population.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
作者列表:["Ngocho JS","Horumpende PG","de Jonge MI","Mmbaga BT"]

METHODS:OBJECTIVE:To describe the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children under five years in Tanzania. METHODS:Between January and December 2017, children aged 2-59 months with chest radiography-confirmed CAP were enrolled. The parents were interviewed to collect information on the patients and home-based medication. Clinical information was derived from the patient files. Nasopharyngeal swab and blood samples were collected for isolation of the causative pathogens. Swab samples were analysed by quantitative PCR whereas blood samples were tested using BacT/Alert 3D. RESULTS:Overall, 109 children with CAP were included in this analysis. Provision of care to most children was delayed (median = 4.6 days). A quarter (26.6%) were given unprescribed/leftover antibiotics at home. Only one child had positive bacterial culture. Referrals were associated with nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae (p = 0.003) and Haemophilus influenzae (p = 0.004). Of all admitted children, more than a quarter (n = 29) did not need to be hospitalised and inappropriately received injectable instead of oral antibiotics. CONCLUSION:We found high rates of home treatment, particularly with antibiotics. Appropriate health care was delayed for most children because of home treatment. Efforts are needed at the community level to improve awareness of antimicrobial resistance.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献