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Pulsed Nd:YAG laser: effects on pain, postural stability, and weight-bearing pattern in children with hemophilic ankle arthropathy.

脉冲Nd:YAG激光: 对血友病性踝关节疾病儿童疼痛、姿势稳定性和负重模式的影响。

  • 影响因子:2.32
  • DOI:10.1007/s10103-019-02889-z
  • 作者列表:"Elnaggar RK
  • 发表时间:2020-07-01
Abstract

:Hemophilic ankle arthropathy features joint pain, impaired postural control, and abnormal weight-bearing pattern. This study was designed to investigate the effects of pulsed Nd:YAG laser on pain, postural stability, and weight-bearing pattern in children with hemophilic ankle arthropathy. Forty children diagnosed with hemophilia type A (age, 8-16 years) were randomly allocated to either the treatment group (n = 20) who received a three-phase active therapy with pulsed Nd:YAG laser thrice/week (total energy was 1500 J) plus a physical exercise program for four consecutive weeks, or the placebo group (n = 20) who received placebo laser plus the physical exercise program. Pain, postural control (i.e., directional control [DC], endpoint excursion [EE], center-of-gravity movement velocity [CoG-MV], and maximum excursion [MXE]), and weight-bearing pattern (i.e., pressure peaks of the hindfoot [PP-HF] and forefoot [PP-FF], and the foot contact area [FCA]) were assessed pre- and post-treatment. The treatment group showed greater improvement in pain (P = .004), DC (P = .02), EE (P = .003), and CoG-MV (P = .003) compared to the placebo group. However, there was no statistically significant difference between both groups regarding the MXE (P = .15). In addition, the treatment group achieved favorable improvements in PP-HF (P = .003), PP-FF (P = .027), and FCA (P = .002) relative to the placebo group. Pulsed Nd:YAG laser is a potentially effective therapy for pain relief, postural control enhancement, and weight-bearing pattern adjustment in children with hemophilic ankle arthropathy.

摘要

: 血友病性踝关节病变以关节疼痛、姿势控制障碍和负重模式异常为特征。本研究旨在探讨脉冲Nd:YAG激光对血友病性踝关节疾病患儿疼痛、姿势稳定性和负重方式的影响。40名诊断为a型血友病的儿童 (年龄8-16岁) 被随机分配到接受脉冲Nd:YAG激光三期积极治疗的治疗组 (n = 20),每周3次 (总能量为1500 J)。加上连续四周的体育锻炼计划,或安慰剂组(n = 20) 谁接受安慰剂激光加体育锻炼计划。疼痛,姿势控制 (i.e.,方向控制 [DC] 、终点偏移 [EE] 、重心移动速度 [CoG-MV] 和最大偏移 [MXE]) 和负重模式 (i.e.,后足 [pp-hf] 和前足 [pp-ff] 的压力峰值,以及足部接触区域 [FCA])在治疗前和治疗后进行评估。与安慰剂组相比,治疗组在疼痛 (P = .004) 、DC (P = .02) 、EE (P = .003) 和cog-mv (P = .003) 方面显示出更大的改善。然而,关于MXE,两组之间没有统计学显著差异 (P = .15)。此外,相对于安慰剂组,治疗组在pp-hf (P = .003) 、pp-ff (P = .027) 和FCA (P = .002) 方面实现了有利的改善。脉冲Nd:YAG激光是一种潜在有效的疗法,用于血友病性踝关节疾病患儿的疼痛缓解、姿势控制增强和负重模式调整。

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DOI:10.1080/09537104.2019.1581922
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主要包括小儿贫血、血友病、急性白血病及特发性血小板减少性紫癫等疾病。

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