Population-based study of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome and lymphoma: lymphoma subtypes, clinical characteristics, and gender differences.
- 作者列表："Vasaitis L","Nordmark G","Theander E","Backlin C","Smedby KE","Askling J","Rönnblom L","Sundström C","Baecklund E
:Objective: To examine lymphoma subtypes, clinical characteristics, and gender differences in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and lymphoma in a population-based setting.Method: Patients with Sjögren's syndrome and lymphoma diagnoses were identified by linkage of the Swedish Patient Register 1964-2007 with the Cancer Register 1990-2007. Clinical data were collected from medical records and lymphoma tissues were re-examined. The lymphoma subtype distribution was compared with the Swedish Lymphoma Register.Results: We identified 105 pSS patients with lymphoma. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (32%) and marginal zone lymphoma [MZL including mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma] (31%) were the most common lymphoma subtypes. The proportion of DLBCL was not increased compared to the general population reference (32%, p = 1), in contrast to MZL (general population 5%, p < 0.0001). Compared to DLBCL, MALT lymphoma was diagnosed at a younger age (55 vs 67 years, p = 0.0001), and earlier after patient-reported sicca onset (7 vs 18 years, p = 0.0001) and pSS diagnosis (2 vs 9 years, p = 0.0005). Sixteen of the pSS-lymphoma cases were men (15%), twice the proportion in general pSS populations. Compared to women, men had a shorter median time from pSS diagnosis to lymphoma diagnosis (1 vs 8 years, p = 0.0003) and more often had lymphoma in the salivary glands (56% vs 29%, p = 0.04).Conclusion: DLBCL and MZL are common in pSS patients, but only MZL/MALT lymphoma occurs at an increased relative frequency in pSS compared to the general population. The study supports increased awareness of signs of lymphoma in men in the first years after pSS diagnosis.
目的: 探讨原发性干燥综合征 (pSS) 和淋巴瘤患者的淋巴瘤亚型、临床特征和性别差异。方法: 诊断为干燥综合征和淋巴瘤的患者通过瑞典患者登记1964-2007与癌症登记1990-2007的联系来鉴定。从病历中收集临床数据，并重新检查淋巴瘤组织。结果: 我们确定了105例pSS淋巴瘤患者。弥漫大b细胞淋巴瘤 (DLBCL) (32%) 和边缘区淋巴瘤 [MZL包括粘膜相关淋巴组织 (MALT) 淋巴瘤] (31%) 是最常见的淋巴瘤亚型。与一般人群参照 (32%，p = 1) 相比，与MZL (一般人群5%，p <0.0001) 相比，DLBCL的比例没有增加。与DLBCL相比，MALT淋巴瘤的诊断年龄较小 (55 vs 67岁，p = 0.0001)，在患者报告的sicca发作 (7 vs 18岁，p = 0.0001) 和pSS诊断 (2 vs 9岁，p = 0.0005) 后较早。16例pSS淋巴瘤病例为男性 (15%)，是普通pSS人群的两倍。与女性相比，男性从pSS诊断到淋巴瘤诊断的中位时间较短 (1年vs 8年，p = 0.0003)，并且唾液腺淋巴瘤更常见 (56% vs 29%，p = 0.04)。结论: DLBCL和MZL在pSS患者中很常见，但与一般人群相比，只有MZL/MALT淋巴瘤在pSS中发生的相对频率增加。该研究支持在pSS诊断后的第一年内提高对男性淋巴瘤体征的认识。
METHODS::Fanconi anemia (FA) is a recessive disorder that predispose to bone marrow failure and multiple congenital anomalies in affected individuals worldwide. To date, 22 FA genes are known to harbor sequence variations in disease phenotype. Among these, mutations in the FANCA gene are associated with 60% to 70% of FA cases. The aim of the present study was to screen FA cases belonging to consanguineous Pakistani families for selected exons of FANCA gene which are known mutational hotspots for Asian populations. Blood samples were collected from 20 FA cases and 20 controls. RNA was extracted and cDNA was synthesized from blood samples of cases. DNA was extracted from blood samples of cases and ethnically matched healthy controls. Sanger's sequencing of the nine selected exons of FANCA gene in FA cases revealed 19 genetic alterations of which 15 were single nucleotide variants, three were insertions and one was microdeletion. Of the total 19 sequence changes, 13 were novel and six were previously reported. All identified variants were evaluated by computational programs including SIFT, PolyPhen-2 and Mutation taster. Seven out of 20 analyzed patients were carrying homozygous novel sequence variations, predicted to be associated with FA. These disease associated novel variants were not detected in ethnically matched controls and depict genetic heterogeneity of disease.
METHODS::In type 3 von Willebrand disease (VWD3), the most severe form with absent von Willebrand factor (VWF), the bleeding phenotype is variable. Platelet contribution to the hemostatic defect in VWD3 calls upon further studies. We investigated the contribution of platelets to in vitro thrombin generation (TG) and platelet procoagulant activity in VWD3. TG was assessed by calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT) in platelet-poor (PPP) and -rich plasma (PRP) from 9 patients before and in 6 patients also 30 min after receiving their regular VWF therapy. Responsiveness of PPP to FVIII and protein S was also investigated. TG data were compared with routine laboratory variables, rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) and platelet expression of P-selectin and phosphatidylserine in flow cytometry. Compared with healthy controls, TG was markedly decreased in VWD3 PPP (peak thrombin was 16% of normal median), but not in PRP (77% of normal median) (p = 0.002). Six out of nine patients (67%) were high responders in their platelet P-selectin, and 5/9 (56%) in phosphatidylserine expression. Replacement therapy improved TG in PPP, while in PRP TG only modestly increased or was unaffected. In PPP, FVIII levels associated with TG and in vitro FVIII-supplemented TG inclined up to threefold. Conversely, a FVIII inhibitory antibody reduced plasma TG in all, but especially in patients with remnant FVIII levels. Inhibition of protein S improved plasma TG, particularly at low FVIII levels. ROTEM failed to detect VWD3.In VWD3, TG is reduced in PPP and regulated by FVIII and protein S, but TG is close to normal in PRP. VWD3 platelets seem to compensate for the FVIII-associated reduction in TG by their exposure of P-selectin and phosphatidylserine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The optimal timing of initiating granulocyte-colony stimulating factor following chemotherapy in pediatric patients has not been clearly defined. This study aimed to compare the administration of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor on day 1 versus day 3 postchemotherapy in pediatric patients with Ewing sarcoma. METHOD:A retrospective study of pediatric patients with Ewing sarcoma who received granulocyte-colony stimulating factor following chemotherapy between January 2016 and September 2018 at a comprehensive cancer center. The institution's chemotherapy protocol for Ewing sarcoma was modified in April 2017 to include granulocyte-colony stimulating factor initiation on day 3 instead of day 1 post-chemotherapy. Febrile neutropenia requiring hospitalization, duration of hospital stay, and chemotherapy delay were compared for patients before and after the protocol change. RESULTS:Over the study period, 250 cycles were evaluated with day 1 granulocyte-colony stimulating factor and 221 cycles with day 3 granulocyte-colony stimulating factor. There were no differences between the day 1 and day 3 groups in the number of cycles associated with Febrile neutropenia requiring hospitalization (34 vs. 19, p = 0.086), and the length of Febrile neutropenia-related hospitalization (mean 4 ± 2.1 vs. 4.6 ± 1.8, p = 0.123). However, delay in chemotherapy due to neutropenia was reported in significantly more cycles in the day 1 group, compared to the day 3 group (37 vs. 16, p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS:Febrile neutropenia resulting in hospital admission and the length of hospital stay was not different between pediatric patients with Ewing sarcoma who received granulocyte-colony stimulating factor on day 1 or day 3 post-chemotherapy. Chemotherapy delay due to neutropenia was higher in patients who received granulocyte-colony stimulating factor on day 1. Larger studies are required to fully determine the impact of delayed initiation of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor.