A protocol of systematic review and meta-analysis of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for interstitial cystitis.
- 作者列表："Chen DY","Guo YX","Dong LX","He WJ","Cao HF","Wang P","Yue CF
BACKGROUND:This study will examine the effectiveness and safety of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for the treatment of patients with interstitial cystitis (IC). METHODS:We will retrieve the following electronic databases from their commencements to the March 1, 2020 to discover all related potential studies: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, and WANFANG Database. Randomized controlled trials related to the NMES for the treatment of patients with IC will be included, regardless publication status and language. Literature selection, data collection, and study quality assessment will be independently performed by 2 authors. The extracted data will be expressed as risk ratio and 95% confidence intervals for dichotomous data, and mean difference or standard mean difference and 95% confidence intervals for continuous data. RevMan V.5.3 software will be employed for statistical analysis. RESULTS:This study will summarize current high quality randomized controlled trials to appraise the effectiveness and safety of NMES for the treatment of patients with IC. CONCLUSION:The findings of this study will provide helpful evidence to determine whether NMES is an effective treatment for patients with IC or not. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION:PROSPERO CRD42020170495.
背景: 本研究将探讨神经肌肉电刺激 (NMES) 治疗间质性膀胱炎 (IC) 的有效性和安全性。 方法: 我们将从2020年3月1日开始的电子数据库中检索以下电子数据库，以发现所有相关的潜在研究: MEDLINE，EMBASE，Cochrane图书馆，Web of Science，护理和联合健康文献累积索引 (CINAHL)，中国国家知识基础设施，中国生物医学文献数据库，中文科技期刊数据库，和万方数据库。将包括与用于治疗IC患者的NMES相关的随机对照试验，无论发表状态和语言如何。文献选择、数据收集和研究质量评估将由2位作者独立进行。提取的数据将表示为二分类数据的风险比和95% 置信区间，以及连续数据的平均差或标准平均差和95% 置信区间。采用RevMan V.5.3软件进行统计学分析。 结果: 本研究将总结目前高质量的随机对照试验，以评价NMES治疗IC患者的有效性和安全性。 结论: 本研究结果将为确定NMES是否是IC患者的有效治疗提供有益的证据。 系统评价注册: PROSPERO crd42020170495。
METHODS:PURPOSE:Studies indicate that molecular subtypes in muscle invasive bladder cancer predict the clinical outcome. We evaluated whether subtyping by a simplified method and established classifications could predict the clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We subtyped institutional cohort 1 of 52 patients, including 39 with muscle invasive bladder cancer, an Oncomine™ data set of 151 with muscle invasive bladder cancer and TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) data set of 402 with muscle invasive bladder cancer. Subtyping was done using simplified panels (MCG-1 and MCG-Ext) which included only transcripts common in published studies and were analyzed for predicting metastasis, and cancer specific, overall and recurrence-free survival. TCGA data set was further analyzed using the Lund taxonomy, the Bladder Cancer Molecular Taxonomy Group Consensus and TCGA 2017 mRNA subtype classifications. RESULTS:Muscle invasive bladder cancer specimens from cohort 1 and the Oncomine data set showed intratumor heterogeneity for transcript and protein expression. MCG-1 subtypes did not predict the outcome on univariate or Kaplan-Meier analysis. On multivariate analysis N stage (p ≤0.007), T stage (p ≤0.04), M stage (p=0.007) and/or patient age (p=0.01) predicted metastasis, cancer specific and overall survival, and/or the cisplatin based adjuvant chemotherapy response. In TCGA data set publications showed that subtypes risk stratified patients for overall survival. Consistently the MCG-1 and MCG-Ext subtypes were associated with overall but not recurrence-free survival on univariate and Kaplan-Meier analyses. TCGA data set included 21 low grade specimens of the total of 402 and subtypes associated with tumor grade (p=0.005). However, less than 1% of muscle invasive bladder cancer cases are low grade. In only high grade specimens the MCG-1 and MCG-Ext subtypes could not predict overall survival. On univariate analysis subtypes according to the Bladder Cancer Molecular Taxonomy Group Consensus, TCGA 2017 and the Lund taxonomy were associated with tumor grade (p <0.0001) and overall survival (p=0.01 to <0.0001). Regardless of classification, subtypes had about 50% to 60% sensitivity and specificity to predict overall and recurrence-free survival. On multivariate analyses N stage and lymphovascular invasion consistently predicted recurrence-free and overall survival (p=0.039 and 0.003, respectively). CONCLUSIONS:Molecular subtypes reflect bladder tumor heterogeneity and are associated with tumor grade. In multiple cohorts and subtyping classifications the clinical parameters outperformed subtypes for predicting the outcome.
METHODS::Acquired chemoresistance is a critical issue for advanced bladder cancer patients during long-term treatment. Recent studies reveal that a fraction of tumor cells with enhanced tumor-initiating potential, or cancer stem-like cells (CSCs), may particularly contribute to acquired chemoresistance and recurrence. Thus, CSC characterization will be the first step towards understanding the mechanisms underlying advanced disease. Here we generated long-term patient-derived cancer cells (PDCs) from bladder cancer patient specimens in spheroid culture, which is favorable for CSC enrichment. Pathological features of bladder cancer PDCs and PDC-dependent patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) were basically similar to those of their corresponding patients' specimens. Notably, CSC marker aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1), a critical enzyme that synthesizes retinoic acid (RA), was abundantly expressed in PDCs. ALDH1A1 inhibitors and shRNAs repressed both PDC proliferation and spheroid formation, whereas all-trans RA could rescue ALDH1A1 shRNA-suppressed spheroid formation. ALDH inhibitor also reduced the in vivo growth of PDC-derived xenografts. ALDH1A1 knockdown study showed that tubulin beta III (TUBB3) was one of the downregulated genes in PDCs. We identified functional RA response elements in TUBB3 promoter, whose transcriptional activities were substantially activated by RA. Clinical survival database reveals that TUBB3 expression may associate with poor prognosis in bladder cancer patients. Moreover, TUBB3 knockdown was sufficient to suppress PDC proliferation and spheroid formation. Taken together, our results indicate that ALDH1A1 and its putative downstream target TUBB3 are overexpressed in bladder cancer, and those molecules could be applied to alternative diagnostic and therapeutic options for advanced disease.
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the technical feasibility, oncological and functional outcomes of nerve sparing cystoprostatectomy (NSCP) and prostate capsule-sparing cystectomy (PCSC) for the treatment of organ-confined bladder cancer at a single referral centre. PATIENTS AND METHODS:From April 2001 to June 2012, 60 patients underwent PCSC and 47 were treated with NSCP. Inclusion criteria for PCSC were: fully informed consent for the well-motivated patient; negative transurethral resection of the bladder neck; normal prostatic specific antigen (PSA) level (defined as <4 ng/dL during the first year of the study, which was later lowered to 2.5 ng/dL); and normal transrectal ultrasonography, with biopsy for any suspicious nodule. Patients received a complete oncological and functional follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to depict survival outcomes after surgery. RESULTS:After a median follow-up of 73 and 62 months for PCSC and NSCP, respectively, the 5-year cancer-specific survival was 90% for the PCSC group and 78% for the NSCP group (P = 0.055). Considering complications within 30 days after surgery, 13% and 21% patients had Clavien ≥III complications in the PCSC and NSCP groups, respectively (P = 0.2). For functional outcomes, at 3 months after surgery, 54 (90%) and 24 (51%) patients reported full recovery of daytime urinary continence in the PCSC and NSCP groups, respectively (P < 0.001); and for erectile function recovery, 32 (53%) and four (9%) patients in the PCSC group and in the NSCP group were respectively potent without any treatment (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS:NSCP and PCSC are appropriate for a subset of patients with bladder cancer, with excellent oncological and functional results. These surgical procedures should be proposed to well-motivated patients.