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Changes in the prevalence of chronic conditions associated with abdominal obesity between 1999 and 2014.

1999年至2014年间与腹型肥胖相关的慢性病患病率的变化。

  • 影响因子:0
  • DOI:10.1111/cob.12349
  • 作者列表:"Randhawa AK","Ardern CI","Kuk JL
  • 发表时间:2020-02-01
Abstract

:To examine the trends in chronic conditions after accounting for temporal differences in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). Pooled cycles (1999-2014) of the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analysed (n = 36 959). The models were adjusted for caloric intake, smoking, medications use and physical activity. The prevalence of diabetes increased in women with general or abdominal obesity (BMI*time; WC*time, P < .05), but there were no differences in men. For hypertension, independent of BMI, the prevalence was not different over time in both sexes (P > .05), whereas for a given WC, there was a decrease in the prevalence over time in women (WC*time, P = .05). For dyslipidemia, independent of BMI, the prevalence decreased in men, whereas for a given WC, there was a decrease in the prevalence in both sexes (P < .05). Over the same time frame, blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein and triglycerides decreased, while plasma glucose increased independent of general and abdominal obesity (P < .001). The relationship between obesity and chronic conditions has changed over time. There may be other changes that have altered how obesity is related with metabolic health markers over time. Further investigation is needed to better understand the current causes of chronic conditions.

摘要

: 在考虑体重指数 (BMI) 和腰围 (WC) 的时间差异后,检查慢性病的趋势。分析了美国国家健康和营养检查调查 (NHANES) 的汇总周期 (1999-2014) (n = 36-959)。对模型进行热量摄入、吸烟、药物使用和体力活动的调整。一般或腹型肥胖的女性糖尿病患病率增加 (BMI * 时间; WC * 时间,p <.05),但男性无差异。对于高血压,与BMI无关,男女的患病率随时间推移没有差异 (P>.05),而对于给定的WC,女性的患病率随时间推移而降低 (WC * 时间,P = .05)。对于血脂异常,与BMI无关,男性患病率降低,而对于给定的WC,男女患病率均降低 (p <.05)。在相同的时间范围内,血压、低密度脂蛋白和甘油三酯降低,而血浆葡萄糖升高,与一般肥胖和腹部肥胖无关 (p <.001)。随着时间的推移,肥胖和慢性病之间的关系发生了变化。随着时间的推移,可能还有其他变化改变了肥胖与代谢健康标志物的关系。还需进一步调查,以更好地了解电流引起的慢性疾病.

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影响因子:1.44
发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1080/10641963.2019.1601205
作者列表:["Meng L","Bai X","Zheng Y","Chen D","Zheng Y"]

METHODS::Aim: We explored the role of histone modification in the association of depression-hypertension by comparing norepinephrine transporter (NET) gene levels in different depression-hypertensive patients. Then, we analyzed the expression of NET correlation with inflammatory cytokines to provide a new direction for detecting the association mechanism between depression and hypertension.Methods: NE expression levels in serum of diverse groups were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Then histone acetyltransferase (HAT), histone deacetylase (HDAC), H3K27ac, NET, TNF-α, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were detected by western blot in nine female subjects in different depression and hypertension groups, and Chromatin immunoprecipitation-polymerase chain reaction (Chip-PCR) were used to confirm the degree of acetylation affecting on the transcription level of NET gene. Meanwhile, correlation between NET with TNF/IL-6 was analyzed by SPSS19.0 software program. Finally, Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blot were used to detect TNF-α and IL-6 expression levels after NET overexpression or interference treatment in human umbilical vein endothelial cells and Neuro-2a cells.Results: The expression of HAT and H3K27ac had lower levels in D-H and nonD-H group than nonD-nonH group. The results showed that higher acetylation could promote expression of NET genes. Meanwhile, the expression of NET had a significant negative correlation with IL-6 (R = -0.933, p < 0.01) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) (R = -0.817, p < 0.01) in subjects. In addition, the results confirmed that TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA and protein partial expressions could be inhibited by NET in both HUVECs and Neuronal cells (p < 0.01).Conclusion: In conclusion, differential expression of NET gene might function as an important factor in interaction between depression and hypertension by partially targeting TNF-α and IL-6.

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影响因子:1.62
发表时间:2020-01-01
来源期刊:Angiology
DOI:10.1177/0003319719849737
作者列表:["Dugani SB","Murad W","Damilig K","Atos J","Mohamed E","Callachan E","Farukhi Z","Shaikh A","Elfatih A","Yusef S","Hydoub YM","Moorthy MV","Mora B","Alawadhi A","Issac R","Saleh A","Al-Mulla A","Mora S","Alsheikh-Ali AA"]

METHODS::The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has a high burden of morbidity and mortality due to premature (≤55 years in men; ≤65 years in women) myocardial infarction (MI) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Despite this, the prevalence of risk factors in patients presenting with premature MI or ACS is incompletely described. We compared lifestyle, clinical risk factors, and biomarkers associated with premature MI/ACS in the MENA region with selected non-MENA high-income countries. We identified English-language, peer-reviewed publications through PubMed (up to March 2018). We used the World Bank classification system to categorize countries. Patients with premature MI/ACS in the MENA region had a higher prevalence of smoking than older patients with MI/ACS but a lower prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Men with premature MI/ACS had a higher prevalence of smoking than women but a lower prevalence of diabetes and hypertension. The MENA region had sparse data on lifestyle, diet, psychological stress, and physical activity. To address these knowledge gaps, we initiated the ongoing Gulf Population Risks and Epidemiology of Vascular Events and Treatment (Gulf PREVENT) case-control study to improve primary and secondary prevention of premature MI in the United Arab Emirates, a high-income country in the MENA region.

影响因子:2.49
发表时间:2020-03-01
DOI:10.1136/archdischild-2019-317131
作者列表:["Göpel W","Müller M","Rabe H","Borgmann J","Rausch TK","Faust K","Kribs A","Dötsch J","Ellinghaus D","Härtel C","Roll C","Szabo M","Nürnberg P","Franke A","König IR","Turner MA","Herting E"]

METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The aim of our study was to determine if a genetic background of high blood pressure is a survival factor in preterm infants. DESIGN:Prospective cohort study. SETTING:Patients were enrolled in 53 neonatal intensive care units. PATIENTS:Preterm infants with a birth weight below 1500 g. EXPOSURES:Genetic score blood pressure estimates were calculated based on adult data. We compared infants with high genetic blood pressure estimates (>75th percentile of the genetic score) to infants with low genetic blood pressure estimates (<25th percentile of the genetic score). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Lowest blood pressure on the first day of life and mortality. RESULTS:5580 preterm infants with a mean gestational age of 28.1±2.2 weeks and a mean birth weight of 1022±299 g were genotyped and analysed. Infants with low genetic blood pressure estimates had significantly lower blood pressure if compared with infants with high genetic blood pressure estimates (27.3±6.2vs 27.9±6.4, p=0.009, t-test). Other risk factors for low blood pressure included low gestational age (-1.26 mm Hg/week) and mechanical ventilation (-2.24 mm Hg, p<0.001 for both variables, linear regression analysis). Mortality was significantly reduced in infants with high genetic blood pressure estimates (28-day mortality: 21/1395, 1.5% vs 44/1395, 3.2%, p=0.005, Fisher's exact test). This survival advantage was independent of treatment with catecholamines. CONCLUSIONS:Our study provides first evidence that a genetic background of high blood pressure may be beneficial with regard to survival of preterm infants.

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高血压方向

高血压(hypertension)是指以体循环动脉血压(收缩压和/或舒张压)增高为主要特征(收缩压≥140毫米汞柱,舒张压≥90毫米汞柱),可伴有心、脑、肾等器官的功能或器质性损害的临床综合征。高血压是最常见的慢性病,也是心脑血管病最主要的危险因素。临床上高血压可分为两类:原发性高血压和继发性高血压。

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