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Impact of a person-centred group intervention on life satisfaction and engagement in activities among persons aging in the context of migration‡.

以人为中心的团体干预对移民背景下老年人生活满意度和活动参与的影响 ‡。

  • 影响因子:1.45
  • DOI:10.1080/11038128.2018.1515245
  • 作者列表:"Arola A","Dahlin-Ivanoff S","Häggblom-Kronlöf G
  • 发表时间:2020-05-01
Abstract

:Background: There is a growing need to support the health and wellbeing of older persons aging in the context of migration.Objectives: We evaluated whether a group-based health promotion program with person-centred approach, maintained or improved life satisfaction and engagement in activities of older immigrants in Sweden.Methods: A randomised controlled trial with post-intervention follow-ups at 6 months and 1 year was conducted with 131 older independently living persons aged ≥70 years from Finland and the Balkan Peninsula. Participants were randomly allocated to an intervention group (4 weeks of group intervention and a follow-up home visit) and a control group (no intervention). Outcome measures were life satisfaction and engagement in activities. Chi-square and odds ratios were calculated.Results: The odds ratios for maintenance or improvement of life satisfaction (for social contact and psychological health) were higher in the person-centred intervention group. More participants in the intervention group maintained or improved their general participation in activities compared with the control group. However, no significant between-group differences were found.Conclusion: Person-centred interventions can support older person's capability to maintain their health in daily life when aging in migration. Further research is needed with a larger sample and longer intervention period to determine the effectiveness of the intervention.

摘要

背景: 在移民的背景下,支持老年人的健康和幸福的需求越来越大。目标: 我们评估了基于团体的健康促进项目是否以人为中心的方法,维持或改善瑞典老年移民的生活满意度和参与活动。方法:对来自芬兰和巴尔干半岛的131名年龄 ≥ 70岁的独立生活的老年人进行了6个月和1年的干预后随访的随机对照试验。参与者被随机分配到干预组 (4周的小组干预和随访家庭访视) 和对照组 (无干预)。观察指标为生活满意度和活动参与度。计算卡方和优势比。结果: 以人为中心的干预组维持或改善生活满意度 (社会接触和心理健康) 的优势比较高。与对照组相比,干预组中更多的参与者维持或改善了他们对活动的一般参与。然而,没有发现显著的组间差异。结论: 以人为中心的干预措施可以支持老年人在迁移衰老时保持日常生活健康的能力。需要进一步研究更大的样本和更长的干预期,以确定干预的有效性。

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翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
日常生活活动方向

日常生活活动指一个人为了满足日常生活的需要每天所进行的必要活动和功能性移动。

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