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[Hypertensive Crisis in the Elderly Patients].

[老年患者的高血压危象]。

  • 影响因子:0
  • DOI:10.18087/cardio.2020.5.n1121
  • 作者列表:"Tkacheva ON","Kotovskaya YV","Eruslanova KA
  • 发表时间:2020-06-03
Abstract

:A hypertensive crisis is a sudden increase in blood pressure (BP) to an individually high level associated with clinical symptoms and target organ damage, in which BP must be reduced immediately. Since 2018 in Europe and since 2020 in Russia, an uncomplicated hypertensive crisis is recommended to be considered as a part of malignant (uncontrolled) arterial hypertension. The clinical picture of increased BP in elderly patients is characterized by nonspecific symptoms even in target organ damage. Management of this group of patients requires a physician to know the patient's comorbidities and the drugs taken on a regular basis to minimize development of side effects of the administered drugs and their undesirable interaction with the chronic therapy.

摘要

: 高血压危象是血压 (BP) 突然升高到与临床症状和靶器官损伤相关的个体高水平,其中必须立即降低BP。自2018在欧洲和俄罗斯自2020年以来,建议将简单的高血压危象视为恶性 (不受控制的) 动脉高血压的一部分。在老年患者中,血压升高的临床表现甚至在靶器官损伤中也以非特异性症状为特征。这组患者的管理需要医生了解患者的合并症和定期服用的药物,以最大限度地减少施用药物的副作用及其与慢性治疗的不良相互作用的发展。

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相关文献
影响因子:1.44
发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1080/10641963.2019.1601205
作者列表:["Meng L","Bai X","Zheng Y","Chen D","Zheng Y"]

METHODS::Aim: We explored the role of histone modification in the association of depression-hypertension by comparing norepinephrine transporter (NET) gene levels in different depression-hypertensive patients. Then, we analyzed the expression of NET correlation with inflammatory cytokines to provide a new direction for detecting the association mechanism between depression and hypertension.Methods: NE expression levels in serum of diverse groups were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Then histone acetyltransferase (HAT), histone deacetylase (HDAC), H3K27ac, NET, TNF-α, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were detected by western blot in nine female subjects in different depression and hypertension groups, and Chromatin immunoprecipitation-polymerase chain reaction (Chip-PCR) were used to confirm the degree of acetylation affecting on the transcription level of NET gene. Meanwhile, correlation between NET with TNF/IL-6 was analyzed by SPSS19.0 software program. Finally, Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blot were used to detect TNF-α and IL-6 expression levels after NET overexpression or interference treatment in human umbilical vein endothelial cells and Neuro-2a cells.Results: The expression of HAT and H3K27ac had lower levels in D-H and nonD-H group than nonD-nonH group. The results showed that higher acetylation could promote expression of NET genes. Meanwhile, the expression of NET had a significant negative correlation with IL-6 (R = -0.933, p < 0.01) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) (R = -0.817, p < 0.01) in subjects. In addition, the results confirmed that TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA and protein partial expressions could be inhibited by NET in both HUVECs and Neuronal cells (p < 0.01).Conclusion: In conclusion, differential expression of NET gene might function as an important factor in interaction between depression and hypertension by partially targeting TNF-α and IL-6.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:1.62
发表时间:2020-01-01
来源期刊:Angiology
DOI:10.1177/0003319719849737
作者列表:["Dugani SB","Murad W","Damilig K","Atos J","Mohamed E","Callachan E","Farukhi Z","Shaikh A","Elfatih A","Yusef S","Hydoub YM","Moorthy MV","Mora B","Alawadhi A","Issac R","Saleh A","Al-Mulla A","Mora S","Alsheikh-Ali AA"]

METHODS::The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has a high burden of morbidity and mortality due to premature (≤55 years in men; ≤65 years in women) myocardial infarction (MI) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Despite this, the prevalence of risk factors in patients presenting with premature MI or ACS is incompletely described. We compared lifestyle, clinical risk factors, and biomarkers associated with premature MI/ACS in the MENA region with selected non-MENA high-income countries. We identified English-language, peer-reviewed publications through PubMed (up to March 2018). We used the World Bank classification system to categorize countries. Patients with premature MI/ACS in the MENA region had a higher prevalence of smoking than older patients with MI/ACS but a lower prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Men with premature MI/ACS had a higher prevalence of smoking than women but a lower prevalence of diabetes and hypertension. The MENA region had sparse data on lifestyle, diet, psychological stress, and physical activity. To address these knowledge gaps, we initiated the ongoing Gulf Population Risks and Epidemiology of Vascular Events and Treatment (Gulf PREVENT) case-control study to improve primary and secondary prevention of premature MI in the United Arab Emirates, a high-income country in the MENA region.

影响因子:2.49
发表时间:2020-03-01
DOI:10.1136/archdischild-2019-317131
作者列表:["Göpel W","Müller M","Rabe H","Borgmann J","Rausch TK","Faust K","Kribs A","Dötsch J","Ellinghaus D","Härtel C","Roll C","Szabo M","Nürnberg P","Franke A","König IR","Turner MA","Herting E"]

METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The aim of our study was to determine if a genetic background of high blood pressure is a survival factor in preterm infants. DESIGN:Prospective cohort study. SETTING:Patients were enrolled in 53 neonatal intensive care units. PATIENTS:Preterm infants with a birth weight below 1500 g. EXPOSURES:Genetic score blood pressure estimates were calculated based on adult data. We compared infants with high genetic blood pressure estimates (>75th percentile of the genetic score) to infants with low genetic blood pressure estimates (<25th percentile of the genetic score). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Lowest blood pressure on the first day of life and mortality. RESULTS:5580 preterm infants with a mean gestational age of 28.1±2.2 weeks and a mean birth weight of 1022±299 g were genotyped and analysed. Infants with low genetic blood pressure estimates had significantly lower blood pressure if compared with infants with high genetic blood pressure estimates (27.3±6.2vs 27.9±6.4, p=0.009, t-test). Other risk factors for low blood pressure included low gestational age (-1.26 mm Hg/week) and mechanical ventilation (-2.24 mm Hg, p<0.001 for both variables, linear regression analysis). Mortality was significantly reduced in infants with high genetic blood pressure estimates (28-day mortality: 21/1395, 1.5% vs 44/1395, 3.2%, p=0.005, Fisher's exact test). This survival advantage was independent of treatment with catecholamines. CONCLUSIONS:Our study provides first evidence that a genetic background of high blood pressure may be beneficial with regard to survival of preterm infants.

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高血压方向

高血压(hypertension)是指以体循环动脉血压(收缩压和/或舒张压)增高为主要特征(收缩压≥140毫米汞柱,舒张压≥90毫米汞柱),可伴有心、脑、肾等器官的功能或器质性损害的临床综合征。高血压是最常见的慢性病,也是心脑血管病最主要的危险因素。临床上高血压可分为两类:原发性高血压和继发性高血压。

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