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Assessments used to measure participation in life activities in individuals with cancer: a scoping review.

用于衡量癌症个体参与生活活动的评估: 范围审查。

  • 影响因子:2.83
  • DOI:10.1007/s00520-020-05441-w
  • 作者列表:"L'Hotta AJ","Varughese TE","Lyons KD","Simon L","King AA
  • 发表时间:2020-08-01
Abstract

PURPOSE:Individuals with cancer are at high risk for restricted participation in meaningful life activities such as work, school, and social activities. Evaluating participation in life activities is identified as a critical component of rehabilitation referral and triage systems. This scoping review investigates what assessments are used to measure participation in life activities in individuals with cancer. METHODS:Six databases were systematically searched using keywords and controlled vocabulary through February 2020. Eligible studies used the term participation in the context of life situations and had an assessment with at least 5 participation-specific questions. RESULTS:A total of 4604 unique articles were identified and screened for eligibility. Thirty-two studies were included; 20 unique assessments of participation were identified. Assessments were developed with the primary purpose of measuring participation (n = 8); global or physical function (n = 9); community integration (n = 1); social activity (n = 1); or occupational gaps (n = 1). Most assessments (12/20) were not developed with the purpose of measuring participation and only 4 assessments measured key components of participation other than frequency. CONCLUSION:Measuring participation in life activities is a developing area in oncology research. Most studies do not accurately or comprehensively measure this construct. The heterogeneity in assessments used indicates no clear consensus on a gold-standard participation measure for use among cancer survivors. Comprehensively measuring participation will help identify individuals in need of rehabilitation services and is an essential first step to inform the development of targeted interventions to enhance participation.

摘要

目的: 患有癌症的个体处于限制参与有意义的生活活动 (例如工作、学校和社会活动) 的高风险中。评估参与生活活动被确定为康复转诊和分流系统的一个关键组成部分。本范围审查调查了哪些评估用于衡量癌症患者参与生活活动的情况。 方法: 在2020年2月使用关键词和控制词汇对6个数据库进行系统检索。符合条件的研究在生活情境中使用 “参与” 一词,并进行了至少5个参与特定问题的评估。 结果: 共鉴定并筛选了4604篇独特的文章。纳入了32项研究; 确定了20项独特的参与评估。评估的主要目的是测量参与 (n   =   8); 全球或身体功能 (n   =   9); 社区整合 (n   =   1); 社会活动 (n   =   1); 或职业差距 (n   =   1)。大多数评估 (12/20) 不是为了衡量参与,只有4项评估衡量了参与频率以外的关键组成部分。 结论: 测量参与生命活动是肿瘤学研究的一个发展领域。大多数研究没有准确或全面地测量这种结构。使用的评估异质性表明,对于癌症幸存者使用的黄金标准参与措施没有明确的共识。全面衡量参与将有助于确定需要康复服务的个人,这是为制定有针对性的干预措施以加强参与提供信息的重要第一步。

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关键词: 暂无
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影响因子:2.15
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翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
日常生活活动方向

日常生活活动指一个人为了满足日常生活的需要每天所进行的必要活动和功能性移动。

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