Evaluating the Platelet Distribution Width-to-Plateletcrit Ratio as a Prognostic Marker for Patients With Breast Cancer.
- 作者列表："Takeuchi H","Noda D","Abe M","Anami K","Miyawaki M","Osoegawa A","Sugio K
AIM:This study aimed to evaluate plateletcrit (PCT) and platelet distribution width-to-PCT ratio (PDW/PCT) as potential prognostic biomarkers in patients with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Information of 337 patients was retrospectively reviewed. The Cox regression proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the prognostic value of PCT and PDW/PCT compared to the platelet distribution width-to-platelet count ratio (PDW/P) and red cell distribution width-to-platelet count ratio (RDW/P). RESULTS:Large tumor size (p<0.01), lymph node involvement, and increased PDW/P, RDW/P, and PDW/PCT (p<0.05) were significantly associated with inferior disease-free survival (DFS) according to the univariate analysis. The multivariate analysis showed that large tumor size (p<0.01) and increased PDW/PCT (p<0.05) were significant prognostic factors for poor DFS. CONCLUSION:To our knowledge, this is the first report to show that PDW/PCT is a significant prognostic factor for patients with breast cancer. Therefore, it might be an attractive biomarker providing additional prognostic information for these patients.
目的: 本研究旨在评估血小板计数 (PCT) 和血小板分布宽度与PCT比值 (PDW/PCT) 作为乳腺癌患者潜在的预后生物标志物。 患者和方法: 回顾性分析337例患者的临床资料。采用Cox回归比例风险模型比较血小板分布宽度与血小板计数比值 (PDW/P) 和红细胞分布宽度与血小板计数比值 (RDW/P)，评价PCT和PDW/PCT的预后价值。 结果: 单因素分析显示，肿瘤体积大 (p<0.01) 、淋巴结受累、PDW/P、RDW/P、PDW/PCT增高 (p<0.05) 与无病生存期 (DFS) 显著相关。多因素分析显示，肿瘤体积较大 (p<0.01) 和PDW/PCT升高 (p<0.05) 是DFS不良的显著预后因素。 结论: 据我们所知，这是首次报道显示PDW/PCT是乳腺癌患者的重要预后因素。因此，它可能是为这些患者提供额外预后信息的有吸引力的生物标志物。
METHODS:PURPOSE:Following US military implementation of a cold-stored whole blood program, several US trauma centers have begun incorporating uncrossmatched, group O cold-stored whole blood into civilian trauma resuscitation. We set out to evaluate the safety profile, transfusion reactions events, and impact of low-titer group O whole blood (LTO-WB) at our center. METHODS:In November 2017, we added LTO-WB to each of our helicopters and to our emergency department (ED) refrigerator, alongside that of existing red blood cells and plasma. We collected information on all patients with trauma receiving prehospital or ED transfusion of uncrossed, emergency release blood products between November 2017 and June 2018. Patients were divided into those receiving any LTO-WB and those receiving only red blood cell and or plasma (COMP). Serial hemolysis panels were obtained at 3 hours, 24 hours, and 48 hours. All data were run using STATA 12.1. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS:One hundred ninety-eight patients received LTO-WB and 152 patients received COMP. There were no differences in age, sex, or mechanism. The LTO-WB patients had higher chest Abbreviated Injury Scale scores (median, 3 vs. 2; p = 0.027), as well as worse arrival base excess (median, -7 vs. -5; p = 0.014) and lactate (5.1 vs. 3.5; p < 0.001). The LTO-WB patients received less post-ED blood products than the COMP patients (median, 0 vs. 3; p = 0.001). There was no difference in survival (LTO-WB, 73%; COMP, 74%; p = 0.805). There were only two suspected transfusion reactions, both in the COMP group (p = 0.061). There was no difference in hemolysis panel values. Controlling for age, severity of injury, and prehospital physiology, LTO-WB was associated with a 53% reduction in post-ED blood product transfusion (odds ratio, 0.47; 0.23-0.94 95% CI; p = 0.033) and two-fold increase in likelihood of survival (odds ratio, 2.19; 1.01-4.76 95% CI; p = 0.047). CONCLUSION:Low-titer group O whole blood has similar evidence of laboratory hemolysis, similar transfusion reaction rates, and is associated with a reduction in post-ED transfusions and increase likelihood of survival. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Therapeutic, Level II.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:An enhanced inflammatory response is a trigger to the production of blood macromolecules involved in abnormally high levels of erythrocyte aggregation. OBJECTIVE:This study aimed at demonstrating for the first time the clinical feasibility of a non-invasive ultrasound-based erythrocyte aggregation quantitative measurement method for potential application in critical care medicine. METHODS:Erythrocyte aggregation was evaluated using modeling of the backscatter coefficient with the Structure Factor Size and Attenuation Estimator (SFSAE). SFSAE spectral parameters W (packing factor) and D (mean aggregate diameter) were measured within the antebrachial vein of the forearm and tibial vein of the leg in 50 healthy participants at natural flow and reduced flow controlled by a pressurized bracelet. Blood samples were also collected to measure erythrocyte aggregation ex vivo with an erythroaggregometer (parameter S10). RESULTS:W and Din vivo measurements were positively correlated with the ex vivoS10 index for both measurement sites and shear rates (correlations between 0.35-0.81, p < 0.05). Measurement at low shear rate was found to increase the sensitivity and reliability of this non-invasive measurement method. CONCLUSIONS:We behold that the SFSAE method presents systemic measures of the erythrocyte aggregation level, since results on upper and lower limbs were highly correlated.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Incomplete reversal with a recommended 5-g dose of idarucizumab has been reported in patients with excessively high dabigatran concentrations. A timely detection of reversal failure after idarucizumab using whole blood (WB) coagulation testing is clinically useful. The aims of this study were to determine residual dabigatran activity after idarucizumab on thrombin generation (TG) using in vitro supratherapeutic dabigatran models and to compare 4 WB point-of-care tests (activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT], prothrombin time [PT], and 2 thromboelastometry tests) with the TG results. METHODS:Blood samples from 12 healthy volunteers were spiked in vitro with 0-5000 ng/mL of dabigatran. Dabigatran reversal was evaluated by adding 1000 μg/mL of idarucizumab (Praxbind) to dabigatran-spiked samples, which reflect the administration of 5-g idarucizumab to a 70-kg patient. Residual dabigatran activity was assessed using the calibrated automated TG (Thrombinoscope) in platelet-poor plasma samples. The TG results were compared with WB aPTT (DRIHEMATO APTT-S) and PT (DRIHEMATO PT-S) using CG02N analyzer, thromboelastometry (ROTEM) triggered by ellagic acid (INTEM) and tissue factor (EXTEM). RESULTS:At a therapeutic concentration of dabigatran (200 ng/mL), the lag time was prolonged, and peak TG was decreased. The effects of dabigatran on TG were increased up to 1000 ng/mL, and TG was obliterated at higher supratherapeutic dabigatran levels (P < .001 versus control, respectively). TG was fully restored with idarucizumab when dabigatran was ≤2000 ng/mL, but residual anticoagulant activity was observed at higher dabigatran levels. Dabigatran prolonged WB aPTT and PT concentration dependently, and residual prolongations were observed when idarucizumab was added to 3000 or 5000 ng/mL of dabigatran (P < .001 versus control, respectively). In contrast, both INTEM and EXTEM clotting times were reversed toward reference ranges at all dabigatran concentrations when idarucizumab was added. CONCLUSIONS:Our data indicate that the recommended dose of idarucizumab may not restore TG completely with excessively elevated concentrations of dabigatran. All WB measurements with aPTT, PT, and thromboelastometry predicted supratherapeutic dabigatran concentrations, whereas those tests varied in sensitivity to residual anticoagulant activity after reversal. WB aPTT corresponded well with plasma TG changes among those measurements, but the use of thromboelastometry may overestimate the effect of idarucizumab. Caution should be exercised before extrapolating in vitro point-of-care data to the clinical monitoring of dabigatran reversal.