Primary and Interval Debulking Surgery Provide Similar Survival and Platinum Sensitivity Outcomes in Advanced Ovarian Cancer: A Retrospective Study.
- 作者列表："Glover O","Asher V","Bali A","Abdul S","Collins A","Phillips A
BACKGROUND/AIM:CHORUS and EORTC55971 trials demonstrated that neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS) or primary debulking surgery (PDS) offered the same survival rates. These trials have since been criticised due to poor surgical complexity. We compared overall (OS), progression free (PFS), and platinum sensitivity in advanced ovarian cancer (AOC) patients undergoing IDS or PDS, who had received either intermediate or high complexity surgery to achieve complete cytoreduction. PATIENTS AND METHODS:All patients with AOC treated between February 2014 and May 2019 obtaining complete cytoreduction with intermediate/high surgical complexity were included. Recurrence was defined according to GCIG criteria on radiological findings and/or CA125 levels. RESULTS:Seventy-one patients (38 PDS and 33 IDS) with full recurrence data were identified. No statistical difference was seen between groups in OS, PFS or platinum sensitive interval. CONCLUSION:PDS or IDS were both acceptable treatment options for AOC, showing similar survival and platinum sensitivity outcomes in patients undergoing intermediate or high complexity surgery.
背景/目的: CHORUS和EORTC55971试验表明，新辅助化疗后间隔减瘤手术 (IDS) 或初次减瘤手术 (PDS) 提供相同的生存率。这些试验由于手术复杂性差而受到批评。我们比较了接受IDS或PDS的晚期卵巢癌患者的总体 (OS) 、无进展 (PFS) 和铂敏感性 (AOC)，这些患者接受了中等或高复杂性手术以实现完全细胞减灭术。 患者和方法: 包括2014年2月至2019年5月期间接受AOC治疗的所有患者，其获得具有中等/高手术复杂性的完全细胞减灭术。根据放射学检查结果和/或CA125水平的GCIG标准定义复发。 结果: 71例患者 (38例PDS和33例IDS) 有完整的复发数据。在OS、PFS或铂敏感间期方面，组间未见统计学差异。 结论: PDS或IDS都是可接受的AOC治疗方案，在接受中等或高复杂性手术的患者中显示出相似的生存率和铂敏感性结果。
METHODS:INTRODUCTION:Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC) is an effective treatment option for selected patients with peritoneal metastases (PM), but national utilization patterns are poorly understood. The objectives of this study were to (1) describe population-based trends in national utilization of CRS/IPC; (2) define the most common indications for the procedure; and (3) characterize the types of hospitals performing the procedure. METHODS:The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) was used to identify patients from 2006 to 2015 who underwent CRS/IPC, and to calculate national estimates of procedural frequency and oncologic indication. Hospitals performing CRS/IPC were classified based on size and teaching status. RESULTS:The estimated annual number of CRS/IPC cases increased significantly from 189 to 1540 (p < 0.001). Overall, appendiceal cancer was the most common indication (25.7%), followed by ovarian cancer (23.3%), colorectal cancer (22.5%), and unspecified PM (15.0%). Remaining cases (13.5%) were performed for other indications. Most cases were performed in large teaching hospitals (65.9%), compared with smaller teaching hospitals (25.1%), large non-teaching hospitals (5.3%), or small non-teaching hospitals (3.2%). Patients were more likely to undergo CRS/IPC without a diagnosis based on level I evidence (appendiceal, ovarian, or colorectal) at large non-academic hospitals (odds ratio 2.00, 95% confidence interval 1.18-3.38, p = 0.010) compared with large academic hospitals. CONCLUSIONS:Utilization of CRS/IPC is increasing steadily in the US, is performed at many types of facilities, and often for a variety of indications that are not supported by high-level evidence. Given associated morbidity of CRS/IPC, a national registry dedicated to cases of IPC is necessary to further evaluate use and outcomes.
METHODS::Results of epidemiologic studies of physical activity and ovarian cancer risk are inconsistent. Few have attempted to measure physical activity over the lifetime or in specific age windows, which may better capture etiologically relevant exposures. We examined participation in moderate-to-vigorous recreational physical activity (MVPA) in relation to ovarian cancer risk. In a population-based case-control study conducted in Montreal, Canada from 2011 to 2016 (485 cases and 887 controls), information was collected on lifetime participation in various recreational physical activities, which was used to estimate MVPA for each participant. MVPA was represented as average energy expenditure over the lifetime and in specific age-periods in units of metabolic equivalents (METs)-hours per week. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the relation between average MVPA and ovarian cancer risk were estimated using multivariable logistic regression models. Confounding was assessed using directed acyclic graphs combined with a change-in-estimate approach. The adjusted OR (95% CI) for each 28.5 MET-hr/week increment of lifetime recreational MVPA was 1.11 (0.99-1.24) for ovarian cancer overall. ORs for individual age-periods were weaker. When examined by menopausal status, the OR (95% CI) for lifetime MVPA was 1.21 (1.00-1.45) for those diagnosed before menopause and 1.04 (0.89-1.21) for those diagnosed postmenopausally. The suggestive positive associations were stronger for invasive ovarian cancers and more specifically for high-grade serous carcinomas. These results do not support a reduced ovarian cancer risk associated with MVPA.
METHODS::The aim of our study was to evaluate whether cardiovascular disease risks seen in adults with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) develop in adolescents with PCOS using conventional Doppler echocardiography (CDE) and tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) or not. The other aim was to investigate the association of paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) level with cardiovascular parameters. 30 PCOS patients and 30 control patients were included in the study. All patients were evaluated with TDE and CDE. Paraoxonase-1 levels of both groups were studied. In CDE study, myocardial performance index (MPI) was higher in the PCOS group than in the control group (0.54 ± 0.11, 0.50 ± 0.12, p = .049, respectively). In the TDE study, early diastolic myocardial velocity (E)'/late diastolic myocardial velocity (A') was lower in PCOS group than in the control group (2.07 ± 0.08, 2.44 ± 0.10, p = .008, respectively). PON-1 was higher in PCOS group than in the control group (26.81 ± 3.05, 18.68 ± 1.18, p = .011, respectively). Cardiovascular disease risks, which are among the long-term complications of PCOS, seem to begin from the early stage of PCOS. The high PON-1 level was thought to increase in response to increased oxidative stress in PCOS.Impact statementWhat is already known on this subject? Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most commonly seen endocrinopathy in the adolescent age group. PCOS has detrimental effects on the cardiovascular system in the adult population which is reported in many studies.What the results of this study add? The result of this study showed that cardiovascular effects, which are among the long-term complications of PCOS, seem to begin from the early stage of PCOS. And also, serum paraoxonase-1 level increases in response to the oxidative stress in the adolescent with PCOS.What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? The cardiovascular system evaluation should be started in early phases of PCOS development in the adolescent age group. The potential role of oxidative effect of Paraoxonase-1 on the PCOS needs to be elucidated in further studies.