- 作者列表："Trinchant RM","Cruz M","Marqueta J","Requena A
:Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic on 11 March 2020 by the World Health Organization, halting the principal income activities worldwide. The International Monetary Fund predicts that the imminent economic recession will be worse than the global financial crisis of 2008, which severely affected the economy of Southern European countries such as Greece, Italy and Spain. There was then an abysmal drop in the Spanish yearly population growth curve as families could not afford to have children in that economic context; this only worsened the already existing demographic problems in that Spain has a constantly ageing population and one of the lowest fertility indicators in Europe. Taking into consideration that female age is the most important independent variable of success at the time of conception, probably thousands of potentially fertile couples were lost while waiting for more promising circumstances. With the COVID-19 pandemic a similar situation is being faced, where reproductive rights are imperiled by not being able to choose when to have children due to economic coercion. Therefore, governments worldwide should take measures to palliate the possible sociodemographic crisis that will follow the economic recession and try to ease the burden that many families might face during the following years.
: 冠状病毒疾病2019 (新型冠状病毒肺炎) 于2020年3月11日被世界卫生组织宣布为流行病，停止了全球的主要收入活动。国际货币基金组织预测，即将到来的经济衰退将比2008年全球金融危机更糟糕，这场危机严重影响了希腊、意大利和西班牙等南欧国家的经济。当时，西班牙的年度人口增长曲线出现了可怕的下降，因为在这种经济背景下，家庭负担不起生育孩子的费用; 这只会恶化已经存在的人口问题，因为西班牙人口不断老龄化，是欧洲生育率最低的国家之一。考虑到女性年龄是受孕时成功的最重要的独立变量，可能成千上万的潜在生育夫妇在等待更有希望的情况时失去了。随着新型冠状病毒肺炎大流行，也面临着类似的情况，由于经济胁迫，无法选择何时生育，危及生殖权利。因此，世界各国政府应采取措施缓解经济衰退后可能出现的社会人口危机，并努力减轻许多家庭在未来几年可能面临的负担。
METHODS::1. Glutathione S-transferases (GST) and cytochrome P450s (CYPs) are xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes participating in the protection of cell. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) null, glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) null, glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) Ile105Val, cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) 734 C→A, cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) 1934 G→A and male infertility.2. A total of 306 azoospermic or oligozoospermic infertile men and 129 normozoospermic or fertile controls were enrolled in the study. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism methods were used for genotyping. There was a significant relationship between male infertility and CYP2D6 GG genotype (p < 0.001). CYP1A2 AA genotype was slightly higher in the infertile group (p = 0.056).3. There was no association between GSTT1 null polymorphisms and male infertility (p = 0.068), GSTM1 null (p = 0.843) and GSTP1 Ile105Val (p = 0.192) genes. GSTM1 null genotype frequency was higher in azoospermic men (p = 0.009). Men carrying CYP1A2 AA genotype had higher risk of infertility risk (OR = 3.14; %95 CI = 1.16-8.54) in the smoker group.4. Our results demonstrated that polymorphisms of CYP2D6 and CYP1A2 may play a role in idiopathic male infertility in our sample population.
METHODS:PURPOSE:This study evaluated the effect of counseling based on the choice theory on irrational parenthood cognition (IPC)- and marital quality in infertile women. DESIGN AND METHODS:This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 50 primary infertile women in Zanjan, Iran. Stratified block randomization was used to allocate participants to groups. The intervention group received counseling, but the control group received routine care. Data were collected using the IPC and marital relationships quality based on the Glasser's choice theory. FINDINGS:A statistically significant difference was found between the groups in IPC (P = 0.005), but the difference in marital quality was not statically significant ( P = 0.085). PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:Counseling can be used for decreasing IPC, but more interventions are needed to increase marital quality.
METHODS::A decrease in cancer deaths has resulted in the possibility of child bearing for many young adult cancer survivors. Most antitumor treatment modalities are detrimental to female fertility, and methods for fertility preservation before gonadotoxic treatment, including cryopreservation of oocytes, embryos and ovarian tissue, have therefore been developed. This review focuses on the ovarian function of cancer patients, the safety and efficacy of fertility preservation methods, and the pregnancy outcomes of these patients. Breast cancer and hematological tumors constitute the majority of cancers in reproductive-aged female oncology patients. Ovarian function may not be impacted by breast cancer cells, while in patients with hematological malignancies, decreases in anti-Müllerian hormone and antral follicle counts have been demonstrated. In most cases, patients can undergo ovarian stimulation without delaying treatment, and a new stimulation protocol known as dual stimulation, which may be more efficient, has now been developed. Birth outcomes are also acceptable in cancer patients.