- 作者列表："Nakao M","Yamaguchi J","Satomi N","Ebihara S","Tanaka K","Otsuki H","Inagaki Y","Jujo K","Arashi H","Hagiwara N
:Renal transplantation (RT) can improve life expectancy in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, little is known about the outcomes of renal transplant recipients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study aimed to elucidate the effect of RT on clinical outcomes after PCI. Renal transplant recipients who underwent PCI from 2002 to 2017 were enrolled. To evaluate the effectiveness of RT, we retrospectively reviewed HD patients who underwent PCI. Propensity-score matching was performed using logistic regression to control for differences in baseline characteristics. The primary outcome was the incidence of major adverse cardiac events. After propensity matching, patients were classified into the RT (n = 50) group and HD (n = 50) group. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the incidence of major adverse cardiac events was significantly lower in the RT group than in the HD group (p < 0.0001). Moreover, RT was associated with a lower risk for all-cause death (odds ratio 0.04; 95% confidence interval 0.002 to 0.03; p = 0.0054) and target vessel revascularization (OR 0.27; 95% CI 0.07 to 0.79; p = 0.015). RT may improve clinical outcomes after PCI, and it is encouraged for HD patients to increase life expectancy and reduce the occurrence of adverse events after PCI. Further research would be warranted to support this finding.
: 肾移植 (RT) 可改善血液透析 (HD) 患者的预期寿命。然而，对经皮冠状动脉介入治疗 (PCI) 后肾移植受者的预后知之甚少。本研究旨在阐明RT对PCI术后临床结局的影响。纳入2002年至2017年接受PCI的肾移植受者。为了评估RT的有效性，我们回顾性分析了接受PCI的HD患者。使用逻辑回归进行倾向评分匹配以控制基线特征的差异。主要结局是主要不良心脏事件的发生率。倾向匹配后，将患者分为RT (n = 50) 组和HD (n = 50) 组。Kaplan-Meier分析显示，RT组主要不良心脏事件发生率显著低于HD组 (p <0.0001)。此外，RT与较低的全因死亡风险 (比值比0.04; 95% 置信区间0.002至0.03; P = 0.0054) 和靶血管血运重建 (OR 0.27; 95% CI 0.07至0.79; P = 0.015) 相关。RT可能改善PCI术后的临床结局，鼓励HD患者延长预期寿命，减少PCI术后不良事件的发生。需要进一步的研究来支持这一发现。
METHODS::Veterinary educators use models to allow repetitive practice of surgical skills leading to clinical competence. Canine castration is a commonly performed procedure that is considered a Day One competency for a veterinarian. In this study, we sought to create and evaluate a canine pre-scrotal closed castration model and grading rubric using a validation framework of content evidence, internal structure evidence, and relationship with other variables. Veterinarians (n = 8) and students (n = 32) were recorded while they performed a castration on the model and provided survey feedback. A subset of the students (n = 7) then performed a live canine castration, and their scores were compared with their model scores. One hundred percent of the veterinarians and 91% of the students reported that the model was helpful in training for canine castration. They highlighted several areas for continued improvement. Veterinarians' model performance scores were significantly higher than students', indicating that the model had adequate features to differentiate expert from novice performance. Students' performance on the model strongly correlated with their performance of live castration (r = .82). Surgical time was also strongly correlated (r = .70). The internal consistency of model and live rubric scores were good at .85 and .94, respectively. The framework supported validation of the model and rubric. The canine castration model facilitated cost-efficient practice in a safe environment in which students received instructor feedback and learned through experience without the risk of negatively affecting a patient's well-being. The strong correlation between model and live animal performance scores suggests that the model could be useful for mastery learning.
METHODS:PURPOSE:To investigate whether hexaminolevulinate-based (HAL) bladder tumor resection (TURBT) impacts on outcomes of patients with primary non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) who were eventually treated with radical cystectomy (RC). METHODS:A total of 131 consecutive patients exhibiting NMIBC at primary diagnosis were retrospectively investigated whether they had undergone any HAL-guided TURBT prior to RC. Uni- and multivariable analyses were used to evaluate the impact of HAL-TURBT on cancer-specific (CSS) and overall survival (OS). The median follow-up was 38 months (IQR 13-56). RESULTS:Of the 131 patients, 69 (52.7%) were managed with HAL- and 62 (47.3%) with white light (WL)-TURBT only prior to RC. HAL-TURBT was associated with a higher number of TURBTs prior to RC (p = 0.002) and administration of intravesical chemotherapy (p = 0.043). A trend towards a higher rate of tumor-associated immune cell infiltrates in RC specimens (p = 0.07) and a lower utilization rate of post-operative systemic chemotherapy (p = 0.10) was noted for patients who were treated with HAL-TURBT. The 5-year CSS/OS was 90.9%/74.5% for the HAL-group and 73.8%/55.8% for the WL-group (p = 0.042/0.038). In multivariable analysis, lymph node tumor involvement (p = 0.007), positive surgical margins (p = 0.001) and performance of WL-TURBT only (p = 0.040) were independent predictors for cancer-specific death. CONCLUSIONS:The present data suggest that the resection of NMIBC under HAL exerts a beneficial impact on outcomes of patients who will need to undergo RC during their course of disease. This finding may be due to improved risk stratification as the resection under HAL may allow more patients to be treated timely and adequately.
METHODS:PURPOSE:To investigate the incidence of inguinal hernia following radical prostatectomy we compared the incidence after open retropubic radical prostatectomy with the incidence after the laparoscopic and robot-assisted radical prostatectomies, and using control groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We included all original articles on studies providing data on inguinal hernia incidence in patients treated with radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer. PubMed® and EMBASE® were searched on February 28, 2018. A meta-analysis was done as a weighted and pooled estimate of the incidence of inguinal hernia. The bias risk was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for cohort studies and the Cochrane Collaboration tool for randomized clinical trials. RESULTS:We included 54 studies with a total of 101,687 patients. The estimated incidence of inguinal hernia was 13.7% (95% CI 12.0-15.4) after open retropubic radical prostatectomy, 7.5% (95% CI 5.2-9.8) after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and 7.9% (95% CI 5.0-10.9) after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. In studies comparing the incidence of inguinal hernia after open prostatectomy vs no treatment the incidence was significantly higher in the radical prostatectomy group (11.7%, 95% CI 9.2-14.2 vs 3.3%, 95% CI 2.0-4.6). Two of 3 studies showed a significantly higher incidence after laparoscopic and robot-assisted radical prostatectomies compared with a control group. Most studies of intraoperative inguinal hernia prevention techniques demonstrated a significantly lower inguinal hernia incidence in the experimental group. Inguinal hernias that developed after radical prostatectomy were primarily indirect (81.9%, 95% CI 75.3-88.4). CONCLUSIONS:We found a high incidence of inguinal hernia following radical prostatectomy and hernias were primarily of the indirect type. The highest incidence of inguinal hernia was noted after open radical prostatectomy, followed by laparoscopic and robot-assisted radical prostatectomies. There was no significant difference between the laparoscopic and robot-assisted groups. The incidence of inguinal hernia was significantly higher after open radical prostatectomy than in control groups with some evidence to support the same finding for the laparoscopic and robot-assisted approaches. Promising results have been reported in studies of intraoperative prophylactic surgical techniques to reduce the postoperative incidence of inguinal hernia.