重型地中海贫血患者的心脏T2 * MR: 10年长期随访。
- 作者列表："Daar S","Al Khabori M","Al Rahbi S","Hassan M","El Tigani A","Pennell DJ
:The consequence of regular blood transfusion in patients with thalassemia major (TM) is iron overload. Herein, we report the long-term impact of chelation on liver iron concentration (LIC) and cardiac T2* MR in patients with TM. This is a retrospective cohort study over 10 years of adolescents and adults with TM aged at least 10 years who had their first cardiac T2* MR between September 2006 and February 2007. One-year chelation therapy was considered the unit of analysis. A total of 99 patients were included in this study with a median age of 18 years. The median cardiac T2* MR and LIC at baseline were 19 ms and 11.6 mg/g dw, respectively. During follow-up, 18 patients died and six underwent successful bone marrow transplantation. Factors associated with decreased survival were older age (HR 1.12, p = 0.014) and high risk cardiac T2* (HR 8.04, p = 0.004). The median cardiac T2* and LIC significantly improved over the 10-year follow-up period (p = 0.000011 and 0.00072, respectively). In conclusion, this long-term "real-life" study confirms that low cardiac T2* adversely impacts the overall survival in patients with TM. Higher baseline LIC predicts a larger reduction in LIC, and lower baseline cardiac T2* predicts a larger improvement in T2*.
: 重型地中海贫血 (TM) 患者定期输血的后果是铁过载。在此，我们报告了螯合对TM患者肝铁浓度 (LIC) 和心脏T2 * MR的长期影响。这是一项超过10年的年龄至少为10岁的TM青少年和成人的回顾性队列研究，他们在2006年9月至2007年2月期间首次进行了心脏T2 * MR检查。一年螯合治疗被认为是分析单位。本研究共纳入99例患者，中位年龄18岁。基线时的中位心脏T2 * MR和LIC分别为19 ms和11.6 mg/gdw。随访期间，18例患者死亡，6例骨髓移植成功。与生存率降低相关的因素是年龄较大 (HR 1.12，p = 0.014) 和高危心脏T2 * (HR 8.04，p = 0.004)。中位心脏T2 * 和LIC在10年随访期内显著改善 (p分别为0.000011和0.00072)。总之，这项长期的 “现实生活” 研究证实，低心脏T2*对TM患者的总生存期有不利影响。较高的基线LIC预测较大的LIC减少，而较低的基线心脏T2*预测较大的T2 * 改善。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Thalassemia is one of the most common monogenetic diseases in the south of China and Southeast Asia. Hemoglobin Bart's hydrops fetalis syndrome was caused by a homozygous Southeast Asian deletion (-/-) in the HBA gene. Few studies have proved the potential of screen for Bart's hydrops fetalis using fetal cell-free DNA. However, the number of cases is still relatively small. Clinical trials of large samples would be needed. OBJECTIVE:In this study, we aimed to develop a noninvasive method of target-captured sequencing and genotyping by the Bayesian method using cell-free fetal DNA to identify the fetal genotype in pregnant women who are at risk of having hemoglobin Bart hydrops fetalis in a large-scale study. STUDY DESIGN:In total, 192,173 couples from 30 hospitals were enrolled in our study and 878 couples were recruited, among whom both the pregnant women and their husbands were detected to be carriers of Southeast Asian type (-/αα) of α-thalassemia. Prenatal diagnosis was performed by chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, or cordocentesis using gap-polymerase chain reaction considered as the golden standard. RESULTS:As a result, we found that the sensitivity and specificity of our noninvasive method were 98.81% and 94.72%, respectively, in the training set as well as 100% and 99.31%, respectively, in the testing set. Moreover, our method could identify all of 885 maternal samples with the Southeast Asian carrier and 36 trisomy samples with 100% of sensitivity in T13, T18, and T21 and 99.89% (1 of 917) and 99.88% (1 of 888) of specificity in T18 and T21, respectively. CONCLUSION:Our method opens the possibility of early screening for maternal genotyping of α-thalassemia, fetal aneuploidies in chromosomes 13/18/21, and hemoglobin Bart hydrops fetalis detection in 1 tube of maternal plasma.
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a serious illness with disabling acute and chronic pain that needs better therapies, but insufficient patient participation in research is a major impediment to advancing SCD pain management. The purpose of this article is to discuss the challenges of conducting an SCD study and approaches to successfully overcoming those challenges. DESIGN:In a repeated-measures, longitudinal study designed to characterize SCD pain phenotypes, we recruited 311 adults of African ancestry. Adults with SCD completed 4 study visits 6 months apart, and age- and gender-matched healthy controls completed 1 visit. RESULTS:We recruited and completed measures on 186 patients with SCD and 125 healthy controls. We retained 151 patients with SCD with data at 4 time points over 18 months and 125 healthy controls (1 time point) but encountered many challenges in recruitment and study visit completion. Enrollment delays often arose from patients' difficulty in taking time from their complicated lives and frequent pain episodes. Once scheduled, participants with SCD cancelled 49% of visits often because of pain; controls canceled 30% of their scheduled visits. To facilitate recruitment and retention, we implemented a number of strategies that were invaluable in our success. CONCLUSION:Patients' struggles with illness, chronic pain, and their life situations resulted in many challenges to recruitment and completion of study visits. Important to overcoming challenges was gaining the trust of patients with SCD and a participant-centered approach. Early identification of potential problems allowed strategies to be instituted proactively, leading to success.
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:Sickle cell anemia is the commonest genetic disorder in India, and the frequency of the sickle cell gene is very high in the remote tribal areas where facilities are generally limited. Therefore, a rapid and affordable point-of-care test for sickle cell disease is needed. METHODS:The diagnostic accuracy of HemoTypeSC was evaluated against automated high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) as the gold standard for its efficacy in a newborn screening program. RESULTS:A total of 1,559 individuals (980 newborns and 579 adults) from four participating centers were analyzed by both methods. HemoTypeSC correctly identified 209 of 211 total hemoglobin (Hb) SS cases, for a 99.1%/99.9% total HbSS sensitivity/specificity. Overall, HemoTypeSC exhibited sensitivity and specificity of 98.1% and 99.1% for all possible phenotypes (HbAA, HbAS, and HbSS) detected. HPLC is relatively expensive and not available in most laboratories in remote tribal areas. CONCLUSIONS:We conclude that the rapid, point-of-care testing device HemoTypeSC test is suitable for population and newborn screening for the HbS phenotype.