- 作者列表："Atehortúa A","Garreau M","Simon A","Donal E","Lederlin M","Romero E
PURPOSE:This paper presents a novel 3D multimodal registration strategy to fuse 3D real-time echocardiography images with cardiac cine MRI images. This alignment is performed in a saliency space, which is designed to maximize similarity between the two imaging modalities. This fusion improves the quality of the available information. METHODS:The method performs in two steps: temporal and spatial registrations. A temporal alignment is firstly achieved by nonlinearly matching pairs of correspondences between the two modalities using a dynamic time warping. A temporal registration is then carried out by applying nonrigid transformations in a common saliency space where normalized cross correlation between temporal pairs of salient volumes is maximized. RESULTS:The alignment performance was evaluated with a set of 18 subjects, 3 with cardiomyopathies and 15 healthy, by computing the Dice score and Hausdorff distance with respect to manual delineations of the left ventricle cavity in both modalities. A Dice score and Hausdorff distance of [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text], respectively, were obtained. In addition, the deformation field was estimated by quantifying its foldings, obtaining a 98% of regularity in the deformation field. CONCLUSIONS:The 3D multimodal registration strategy presented is performed in a saliency space. Unlike state-of-the-art methods, the presented one takes advantage of the temporal information of the heart to construct this common space, ending up with two well-aligned modalities and regular deformation fields. This preliminary study was evaluated on heterogeneous data composed of two different datasets, healthy and pathological cases, showing similar performances in both cases. Future work will focus on testing the presented strategy in a larger dataset with a balanced number of classes.
目的: 提出一种新的三维多模态配准策略，将三维实时超声心动图图像与心脏电影MRI图像进行融合。该对准在显著性空间中执行，该显著性空间被设计为最大化两个成像模态之间的相似性。这种融合提高了可用信息的质量。 方法: 该方法执行两个步骤: 时间和空间配准。首先通过使用动态时间规整来非线性匹配两种模态之间的对应对来实现时间对准。然后通过在公共显著性空间中应用非刚性变换来执行时间配准，其中显著体积的时间对之间的归一化互相关被最大化。 结果: 通过计算两种模式下左心室腔的Dice评分和Hausdorff距离，对一组18名受试者 (3名患有心肌病，15名健康) 进行比对性能评估。分别获得 [公式: 见文本] 和 [公式: 见文本] 的Dice得分和Hausdorff距离。此外，通过量化其折叠来估计变形场，在变形场中获得98% 的规律性。 结论: 提出的3D多模态配准策略在显著性空间中执行。与最先进的方法不同，所呈现的方法利用心脏的时间信息来构建这个公共空间，最终得到两个良好对齐的模态和规则的变形场。这个初步研究是在由两个不同的数据集 (健康和病理病例) 组成的异质数据上进行评估的，在两个病例中显示出相似的表现。未来的工作将侧重于在一个更大的数据集上测试所提出的策略，并具有均衡的类数量。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:The aim was to evaluate the image quality and sensitivity to artifacts of compressed sensing (CS) acceleration technique, applied to 3D or breath-hold sequences in different clinical applications from brain to knee. METHODS:CS with an acceleration from 30 to 60% and conventional MRI sequences were performed in 10 different applications in 107 patients, leading to 120 comparisons. Readers were blinded to the technique for quantitative (contrast-to-noise ratio or functional measurements for cardiac cine) and qualitative (image quality, artifacts, diagnostic findings, and preference) image analyses. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference in image quality or artifacts was found for each sequence except for the cardiac cine CS for one of both readers and for the wrist 3D proton density (PD)-weighted CS sequence which showed less motion artifacts due to the reduced acquisition time. The contrast-to-noise ratio was lower for the elbow CS sequence but not statistically different in all other applications. Diagnostic findings were similar between conventional and CS sequence for all the comparisons except for four cases where motion artifacts corrupted either the conventional or the CS sequence. CONCLUSIONS:The evaluated CS sequences are ready to be used in clinical daily practice except for the elbow application which requires a lower acceleration. The CS factor should be tuned for each organ and sequence to obtain good image quality. It leads to 30% to 60% acceleration in the applications evaluated in this study which has a significant impact on clinical workflow. KEY POINTS:• Clinical implementation of compressed sensing (CS) reduced scan times of at least 30% with only minor penalty in image quality and no change in diagnostic findings. • The CS acceleration factor has to be tuned separately for each organ and sequence to guarantee similar image quality than conventional acquisition. • At least 30% and up to 60% acceleration is feasible in specific sequences in clinical routine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The main surgical techniques for spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage include stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, and craniotomy. However, credible evidence is still needed to validate the effect of these techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore the long-term outcomes of the three surgical techniques in the treatment of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage. METHODS:Five hundred and sixteen patients with spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage who received stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, or craniotomy were reviewed retrospectively. Six-month mortality and the modified Rankin Scale score were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of different surgical techniques on patient outcomes. RESULTS:For the entire cohort, the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than that in the stereotactic aspiration group (odds ratio (OR) 4.280, 95% CI 2.186 to 8.380); the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was lower than that in the craniotomy group, but the difference was not significant (OR=1.930, 95% CI 0.835 to 4.465). A further subgroup analysis was stratified by hematoma volume. The mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than in the stereotactic aspiration group in the medium (≥40-<80 mL) (OR=2.438, 95% CI 1.101 to 5.402) and large hematoma subgroup (≥80 mL) (OR=66.532, 95% CI 6.345 to 697.675). Compared with the endoscopic aspiration group, a trend towards increased mortality was observed in the large hematoma subgroup of the craniotomy group (OR=8.721, 95% CI 0.933 to 81.551). CONCLUSION:Endoscopic aspiration can decrease the 6-month mortality of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in patients with a hematoma volume ≥40 mL.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3D) software tool (smart planes) for displaying fetal brain planes, and the secondary purpose was to evaluate its accuracy in performing automatic measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included singleton fetuses with a gestational age (GA) greater than 18 weeks. Transabdominal two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and 3D smart planes images were respectively used to obtain the basic planes of the fetal brain, with five parameters measured. The images, by either two-dimensional (2D) manual or 3D automatic operation, were reviewed by two experienced sonographers. The agreements between two measurements were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 226 cases were included. The rates of successful detection by automatic display were as high as 80%. There was substantial agreement between the measurements of the biparietal diameter, head circumference and transcerebellar diameter, but poor agreement between the measurements of cisterna magna and lateral ventricle width. CONCLUSIONS:Smart Planes might be valuable for the rapid evaluation of fetal brain, because it simplifies the evaluation process. However, the technology requires improvement. In addition, this technology cannot replace the conventional manual US scans; it can only be used as an additional approach.