- 作者列表："de Muinck Keizer DM","Kontaxis C","Kerkmeijer LGW","van der Voort van Zyp JRN","van den Berg CAT","Raaymakers BW","Lagendijk JJW","de Boer JCJ
:To investigate the dosimetric impact of intrafraction translation and rotation motion of the prostate, as extracted from daily acquired post-treatment 3D cine-MR based on soft-tissue contrast, in extremely hypofractionated (SBRT) prostate patients. Accurate dose reconstruction is performed by using a prostate intrafraction motion trace which is obtained with a soft-tissue based rigid registration method on 3D cine-MR dynamics with a temporal resolution of 11 s. The recorded motion of each time-point was applied to the planning CT, resulting in the respective dynamic volume used for dose calculation. For each treatment fraction, the treatment delivery record was generated by proportionally splitting the plan into 11 s intervals based on the delivered monitor units. For each fraction the doses of all partial plan/dynamic volume combinations were calculated and were summed to lead to the motion-affected fraction dose. Finally, for each patient the five fraction doses were summed, yielding the total treatment dose. Both daily and total doses were compared to the original reference dose of the respective patient to assess the impact of the intrafraction motion. Depending on the underlying motion of the prostate, different types of motion-affected dose distributions were observed. The planning target volumes (PTVs) ensured CTV_30 (seminal vesicles) D99% coverage for all patients, CTV_35 (prostate corpus) coverage for 97% of the patients and GTV_50 (local boost) for 83% of the patients when compared against the strict planning target D99% value. The dosimetric impact due to prostate intrafraction motion in extremely hypofractionated treatments was determined. The presented study is an essential step towards establishing the actual delivered dose to the patient during radiotherapy fractions.
: 研究在极度低分割 (SBRT) 前列腺患者中，从基于软组织对比度的每日获取的治疗后3D cine-MR中提取的前列腺内平移和旋转运动的剂量学影响。通过使用前列腺内运动轨迹来执行精确的剂量重建，该轨迹通过基于软组织的刚性配准方法在时间分辨率为11 s的3D cine-MR动力学上获得。将记录的每个时间点的运动应用于规划CT，产生用于剂量计算的相应动态体积。对于每个治疗部分，通过基于递送的监测单元将计划按比例分成11 s间隔来生成治疗递送记录。对于每个分数，计算所有部分计划/动态体积组合的剂量，并将其相加以导致运动影响分数剂量。最后，对于每个患者，将五个分数剂量相加，产生总治疗剂量。将每日剂量和总剂量与相应患者的原始参考剂量进行比较，以评估内部运动的影响。根据前列腺的潜在运动，观察到不同类型的受运动影响的剂量分布。与严格的计划目标D99 % 值相比，计划目标体积 (PTVs) 确保所有患者的CTV_30 (精囊) D99 % 覆盖率，97% 患者的CTV_35 (前列腺体) 覆盖率和83% 患者的GTV_50 (局部增强) 覆盖率。确定了在极小分割治疗中由于前列腺内运动引起的剂量学影响。所提出的研究是在放射治疗部分期间建立患者的实际递送剂量的重要步骤。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:The aim was to evaluate the image quality and sensitivity to artifacts of compressed sensing (CS) acceleration technique, applied to 3D or breath-hold sequences in different clinical applications from brain to knee. METHODS:CS with an acceleration from 30 to 60% and conventional MRI sequences were performed in 10 different applications in 107 patients, leading to 120 comparisons. Readers were blinded to the technique for quantitative (contrast-to-noise ratio or functional measurements for cardiac cine) and qualitative (image quality, artifacts, diagnostic findings, and preference) image analyses. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference in image quality or artifacts was found for each sequence except for the cardiac cine CS for one of both readers and for the wrist 3D proton density (PD)-weighted CS sequence which showed less motion artifacts due to the reduced acquisition time. The contrast-to-noise ratio was lower for the elbow CS sequence but not statistically different in all other applications. Diagnostic findings were similar between conventional and CS sequence for all the comparisons except for four cases where motion artifacts corrupted either the conventional or the CS sequence. CONCLUSIONS:The evaluated CS sequences are ready to be used in clinical daily practice except for the elbow application which requires a lower acceleration. The CS factor should be tuned for each organ and sequence to obtain good image quality. It leads to 30% to 60% acceleration in the applications evaluated in this study which has a significant impact on clinical workflow. KEY POINTS:• Clinical implementation of compressed sensing (CS) reduced scan times of at least 30% with only minor penalty in image quality and no change in diagnostic findings. • The CS acceleration factor has to be tuned separately for each organ and sequence to guarantee similar image quality than conventional acquisition. • At least 30% and up to 60% acceleration is feasible in specific sequences in clinical routine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The main surgical techniques for spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage include stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, and craniotomy. However, credible evidence is still needed to validate the effect of these techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore the long-term outcomes of the three surgical techniques in the treatment of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage. METHODS:Five hundred and sixteen patients with spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage who received stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, or craniotomy were reviewed retrospectively. Six-month mortality and the modified Rankin Scale score were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of different surgical techniques on patient outcomes. RESULTS:For the entire cohort, the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than that in the stereotactic aspiration group (odds ratio (OR) 4.280, 95% CI 2.186 to 8.380); the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was lower than that in the craniotomy group, but the difference was not significant (OR=1.930, 95% CI 0.835 to 4.465). A further subgroup analysis was stratified by hematoma volume. The mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than in the stereotactic aspiration group in the medium (≥40-<80 mL) (OR=2.438, 95% CI 1.101 to 5.402) and large hematoma subgroup (≥80 mL) (OR=66.532, 95% CI 6.345 to 697.675). Compared with the endoscopic aspiration group, a trend towards increased mortality was observed in the large hematoma subgroup of the craniotomy group (OR=8.721, 95% CI 0.933 to 81.551). CONCLUSION:Endoscopic aspiration can decrease the 6-month mortality of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in patients with a hematoma volume ≥40 mL.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3D) software tool (smart planes) for displaying fetal brain planes, and the secondary purpose was to evaluate its accuracy in performing automatic measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included singleton fetuses with a gestational age (GA) greater than 18 weeks. Transabdominal two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and 3D smart planes images were respectively used to obtain the basic planes of the fetal brain, with five parameters measured. The images, by either two-dimensional (2D) manual or 3D automatic operation, were reviewed by two experienced sonographers. The agreements between two measurements were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 226 cases were included. The rates of successful detection by automatic display were as high as 80%. There was substantial agreement between the measurements of the biparietal diameter, head circumference and transcerebellar diameter, but poor agreement between the measurements of cisterna magna and lateral ventricle width. CONCLUSIONS:Smart Planes might be valuable for the rapid evaluation of fetal brain, because it simplifies the evaluation process. However, the technology requires improvement. In addition, this technology cannot replace the conventional manual US scans; it can only be used as an additional approach.