Knock-down of circular RNA H19 induces human adipose-derived stem cells adipogenic differentiation via a mechanism involving the polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1.
环状 RNA H19 的敲低通过涉及多嘧啶束结合蛋白 1 的机制诱导人脂肪干细胞成脂分化。
- 作者列表："Zhu Y","Gui W","Lin X","Li H
PURPOSE:The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized of a cluster of medical disorders. Altered function of adipose tissue has a significant impact on whole-body metabolism and represents a key driver for MetS. In this study, we aim to explore the function of human circular RNA H19 (hsa_circH19) in human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs). METHODS:The blood samples from MetS patients and normal subjects were used to determine the expression level of the hsa_circH19. After knock-down of hsa_circH19 in hADSCs, we measured the expression of adipogenic genes. Oil red O, Nile red staining assay and triglyceride assessment were performed to examine the role of hsa_circH19 in hADSCs differentiation. Then, RNA Pull-down and RIP assays were conducted to explore the related RNA binding protein of hsa_circH19. IF was performed to determine the potential molecular regulatory mechanism. RESULTS:After accounting for confounding factors, high levels of hsa_circH19 remained an independent risk factor for MetS. Furthermore, the knockdown of hsa_circH19 significantly increased the expression of adipogenic genes and the formation of lipid droplets. Bioinformatics analyses revealed that has_circH19 shared multiple binding sites with polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1) and their interaction was validated by circRNA pull-down and RIP assays. Mechanistically, depletion of hsa_circH19 triggered translocation of sterol-regulatory element binding proteins (SREBP1) from cytoplasm to nucleus in the presence of PTBP1. CONCLUSION:Our experiments suggest that knockdown of hsa_circH19 promotes hADCSs adipogenic differentiation via targeting of PTBP1. In consequence, the expression of hsa_circH19 might correlated to lipid metabolism in adipose tissue from MetS.
目的: 代谢综合征 (MetS) 是以一组医学疾病为特征的。脂肪组织功能改变对全身代谢有显著影响，代表了 MetS 的关键驱动因素。在本研究中，我们旨在探讨人环状 RNA H19 (hsa_circH19) 在人脂肪干细胞 (hADSCs) 中的功能。 方法: 用 MetS 患者和正常人的血液样本测定 hsa_circH19 的表达水平。在 hADSCs 中敲低 hsa_circH19 后，我们测量了成脂基因的表达。进行油红 O 、尼罗红染色试验和甘油三酯评估，以检测 hsa_circH19 在 hADSCs 分化中的作用。然后，进行 RNA 下拉和 RIP 检测，探索 hsa_circH19 的相关 RNA 结合蛋白。进行 IF 以确定潜在的分子调控机制。 结果: 在考虑混杂因素后，高水平的 hsa_circH19 仍然是 MetS 的独立危险因素。此外，hsa_circH19 的敲除显著增加了成脂基因的表达和脂滴的形成。生物信息学分析发现 has_circH19 与多嘧啶束结合蛋白 1 (PTBP1) 共享多个结合位点，它们的相互作用通过 circRNA pull-down 和 RIP 试验得到验证。机械上，在 ptbp1 存在的情况下，hsa_circH19 的耗竭触发了固醇调节元件结合蛋白 (SREBP1) 从细胞质到细胞核的转位。 结论: 我们的实验表明，敲除 hsa_circH19 通过靶向 ptbp1 促进 hADCSs 成脂分化。因此，hsa_circH19 的表达可能与 MetS 脂肪组织的脂质代谢相关。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Given the importance of habitual dietary protein intake, distribution patterns and dietary sources in the aetiology of age-related declines of muscle mass and function, the present study examined these factors as a function of sex and age in Irish adults aged 18-90 years comprising The National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS). METHODS:In total, 1051 (males, n = 523; females, n = 528) undertook a 4-day semi-weighed food diary. Total, body mass relative intake and percentage contribution to total energy intake of dietary protein were determined in addition to protein distribution scores (PDS), as well as the contribution of food groups, animal- and plant-based foods to total protein intake. RESULTS:Total and relative protein intake [mean (SD)] were highest in those aged 18-35 years [96 (3) g day , 1.32 (0.40) g kg day ], with lower protein intakes with increasing age (i.e. in adults aged ≥65 years [82 (22) g, 1.15 (0.34) g kg day , P < 0.001 for both]. Differences in protein intake between age groups were more pronounced in males compared to females. Protein distribution followed a skewed pattern for all age groups [breakfast, 15 (10) g; lunch, 30 (15) g; dinner, 44 (17) g]. Animal-based foods were the dominant protein source within the diet [63% (11%) versus 37% (11%) plant protein, P < 0.001]. CONCLUSIONS:Protein intake and the number of meals reaching the purported threshold for maximising post-prandial anabolism were highest in young adults, and lower with increasing age. For main meals, breakfast provided the lowest quantity of protein across all age categories and may represent an opportunity for improving protein distribution, whereas, in older adults, increasing the number of meals reaching the anabolic threshold regardless of distribution pattern may be more appropriate.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) increases risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events. Periodic CRF assessment can have an important preventive function. OBJECTIVE:To develop a protocol-free method to estimate CRF in daily life based on heart rate (HR) and body acceleration measurements. METHODS:Acceleration and HR data were collected from 37 subjects (M=49%) while performing a standardized laboratory activity protocol (sitting, walking, running, cycling) and during a 5-days free-living monitoring period. CRF was determined by oxygen uptake (VO2max) during maximal exercise testing. A doubly-labeled water validated equation was used to predict total energy expenditure (TEE) from acceleration data. A fitness index was defined as the ratio between TEE and HR (TEE-pulse). Activity recognition techniques were used to process acceleration features and classify sedentary, ambulatory and other activity types. Regression equations based on TEE-pulse data from each activity type were developed to predict VO2max. RESULTS:TEE-pulse measured within each activity type of the laboratory protocol was highly correlated to VO2max (r from 0.74 to 0.91). Averaging the outcome of each activity-type specific equation based on TEE-pulse from the laboratory data led to accurate estimates of VO2max (RMSE: 300.0 mlO2/min or 10%). The difference between laboratory and free-living determined TEE-pulse was 3.7 ± 11% (r =0.85). The prediction method preserved the prediction accuracy when applied to free-living data (RMSE: 367 mlO2/min or 12%). CONCLUSIONS:Measurements of body acceleration and HR can be used to predict VO2max in daily life. Activity-specific prediction equations are needed to achieve highly accurate estimates of CRF.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Postprandial dyslipidemia is a common feature of insulin resistant states and contributes to increased cardiovascular disease risk. Recently, bile acids have been recognized beyond their emulsification properties as important signaling molecules that promote energy expenditure, improve insulin sensitivity, and lower fasting lipemia. While bile acid receptors have become novel pharmaceutical targets, their effects on postprandial lipid metabolism remain unclear. Here we investigated the potential role of bile acids in regulation of postprandial chylomicron production and triglyceride excursion. Approach and Results: Healthy C57BL/6 mice were given an intraduodenal infusion of taurocholic acid (TA) under fat-loaded conditions and circulating lipids were measured. Targeting of bile acid receptors was achieved with GW4064, a synthetic agonist to the farnesoid X receptor (FXR), and with deoxycholic acid (DCA), an activator of the Takeda G-protein-coupled receptor 5. TA, GW4064, and DCA treatments all lowered postprandial lipemia. FXR agonism also reduced intestinal triglyceride content and activity of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, involved in chylomicron assembly. Importantly, TA effects (but not DCA) were largely lost in FXR knockout mice. These bile acid effects are reminiscent of the anti-diabetic hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). While the GLP-1 receptor agonist exendin-4 retained its ability to acutely lower postprandial lipemia during bile acid sequestration and FXR deficiency, it did raise hepatic expression of the rate limiting enzyme for bile acid synthesis. CONCLUSIONS:Bile acid signaling may be an important mechanism of controlling dietary lipid absorption and bile acid receptors may constitute novel targets for the treatment of postprandial dyslipidemia.