Preoperative fall risk assessment score as a prognostic factor in gastric cancer patients after gastrectomy.
- 作者列表："Kouzu K","Tsujimoto H","Nagata H","Sugasawa H","Ishibashi Y","Hase K","Kishi Y","Ueno H
OBJECTIVE:Falls are related to frailty, which is known as an unfavorable prognosticator of gastric cancer. In this study, we investigated the influence of the fall risk assessment score on short- and long-term prognoses in patients with gastric cancer after gastrectomy. METHODS:A total of 430 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer were included in this retrospective study. The fall risk assessment score was scored by nursing staffs on admission. We investigated the relationships between the fall risk assessment score and clinicopathological findings, postoperative outcomes and prognoses. We assigned patients with a fall risk assessment score ≥7 to the high-risk group (92 cases, 21.4%) and those with a fall risk assessment score <6 to the low-risk group (338 cases, 78.6%). RESULTS:There were no significant differences between the two groups in pathological stage of gastric cancer and postoperative complications, but the high-risk group had significantly longer postoperative hospital stays than the low-risk group (P < 0.001). The overall and the relapse-free survival rates in the high-risk group were significantly lower than those in the low-risk group. The high-risk group was one of the independent poor prognostic factors for overall survival, with a hazard ratio of 2.91 (P ≤ 0.001) in univariate analysis and a hazard ratio of 2.74 (P = 0.008) in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS:While the fall risk assessment score is an objective and easy-to-use method to assess fall risk and frailty, it may present a prognostic factor in gastric cancer.
目的: 跌倒与虚弱有关，虚弱是胃癌的不良预后因素。在这项研究中，我们调查了跌倒风险评估评分对胃癌患者胃切除术后短期和长期预后的影响。 方法: 回顾性分析430例因胃癌行胃切除术患者的临床资料。入院时由护理人员进行跌倒风险评估评分。我们调查了跌倒风险评估评分与临床病理结果、术后结果和预后之间的关系。我们将跌倒风险评估评分 ≥ 7分的患者分为高危组 (92例，21.4%)，将跌倒风险评估评分 <6分的患者分为低危组 (338例，78.6%)。 结果: 两组在胃癌病理分期及术后并发症方面差异无统计学意义，但高危组术后住院时间明显长于低危组 (P <0.001)。高危组的总体生存率和无复发生存率均显著低于低危组。高危组是总生存期的独立不良预后因素之一，单因素分析的风险比为2.91 (P ≤ 0.001)，多因素分析的风险比为2.74 (P = 0.008)。 结论: 跌倒风险评估评分是评估胃癌患者跌倒风险和虚弱程度的一种客观且易于使用的方法，它可能是胃癌患者预后的一个因素。
METHODS::The ATP binding-cassette superfamily corresponds the mostly transmembrane transporters family found in humans. These proteins actively transport endogenous and exogenous substrates through biological membranes in body tissues, so they have an important role in the regulation of many physiological functions necessary for human homeostasis, as well as in response regulation to several pharmacological substrates. The development of multidrug resistance has become one of the main troubles in conventional chemotherapy in different illnesses including cancer, being the increased efflux of antineoplastic drugs the main reason for this multidrug resistance, with a key role of the ABC superfamily. Likely, the interindividual variability in the pharmacological response among patients is well known, and may be due to intrinsically factors of the disease, genetic and environmental ones. Thus, the understanding of this variability, especially the genetic variability associated with the efficacy and toxicity of drugs, can provide a safer and more effective pharmacological treatment, so ABC genes are considered as important regulators due to their relationship with the reduction in pharmacological response. In this review, updated information about transporters belonging to this superfamily was collected, the possible role of these transporters in cancer, the role of genetic variability in their genes, as well as some therapeutic tools that have been tried to raise against main transporters associated with chemoresistance in cancer.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Cholinergic neurotransmission regulates neuroinflammation in Parkinson disease (PD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:The authors conducted a delayed-start study of donepezil for cognitive decline in non-demented PD patients. The study consisted of a 96-week randomized placebo-controlled double-blind phase 1, followed by a 24-week donepezil extension phase 2. The primary outcome measure was a change in the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) at week 120. RESULTS:A total of 98 patients were randomly allocated to the early-start (donepezil-to-donepezil) and delayed-start (placebo-to-donepezil) groups. Mean (SD) of the baseline MMSE was 27.6 (2.0) and 28.0 (2.1), respectively. MMSE change at week 120 was better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group, but the difference was not significant. The MMSE declined in apolipoprotein ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and the factor interaction (intervention × ε4 genotype) was highly significant (P < 0.001). Analyzed with the interaction, the difference was significant (group difference 1.95 [0.33 to 3.57], P = 0.018). The MMSE decline slope in phase 1 was significantly better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group (P = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS:Cognitive function deteriorated in ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and early-start donepezil may postpone cognitive decline in the former.
METHODS::Since the discovery of dental pulp stem cells, a lot of teams have expressed an interest in dental pulp regeneration. Many approaches, experimental models and biological explorations have been developed, each including the use of stem cells and scaffolds with the final goal being clinical application in humans. In this review, the authors' objective was to compare the experimental models and strategies used for the development of biomaterials for tissue engineering of dental pulp with stem cells. Electronic queries were conducted on PubMed using the following terms: pulp regeneration, scaffold, stem cells, tissue engineering and biomaterial. The extracted data included the following information: the strategy envisaged, the type of stem cells, the experimental models, the exploration or analysis methods, the cytotoxicity or viability or proliferation cellular tests, the tests of scaffold antibacterial properties and take into account the vascularization of the regenerated dental pulp. From the 71 selected articles, 59% focused on the "cell-transplantation" strategy, 82% used in vitro experimentation, 58% in vivo animal models and only one described an in vivo in situ human clinical study. 87% used dental pulp stem cells. A majority of the studies reported histology (75%) and immunohistochemistry explorations (66%). 73% mentioned the use of cytotoxicity, proliferation or viability tests. 48% took vascularization into account but only 6% studied the antibacterial properties of the scaffolds. This article gives an overview of the methods used to regenerate dental pulp from stem cells and should help researchers create the best development strategies for research in this field.