Evaluation of the Peripheral Rim Instability of the Discoid Meniscus in Children by Using Weight-Bearing Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
- 作者列表："Jin B","Zhen J","Wei X","Zhou Y","Bian W","Yang J","Fan Z
OBJECTIVE:The aim of the study was to assess the peripheral rim instability and the clinical value of discoid meniscus. METHODS:We retrospectively studied 79 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of discoid meniscus from May 2017 to September 2019. The patient symptoms and physical findings were documented. The patients underwent "dedicated" 0.25 T supine and weight-bearing MRI examination. Finally, all patients underwent arthroscopy. RESULTS:Sound/clicking during motion (P = 0.009) and limited extension (P = 0.044) of subjective symptoms, clunk during motion (P = 0.035), and flexion contracture (P = 0.012) of physical findings were significant predictors of peripheral rim instability. The comparison of the weight-bearing MRI with the supine position MRI demonstrated that the disformed discoid meniscus was shifted significantly and that no shift was displaced centrally (P = 0.001). A correlation between discoid meniscal displacement and the presence of peripheral rim instability in arthroscopy was noted (P < 0.001) using weight-bearing MRI. CONCLUSIONS:The clinical symptoms of the patients combined with weight-bearing MRI can determine peripheral rim instability optimally.
目的: 探讨盘状半月板周围不稳定的特点及临床应用价值。 方法: 我们回顾性研究了2017年5月至2019年9月期间79例盘状半月板的磁共振成像 (MRI) 检查。记录患者症状和身体检查结果。患者行 "专用" 0.25 T仰卧负重MRI检查。最后，所有患者均行关节镜检查。 结果: 运动时的声音/咔嗒声 (P = 0.009) 和主观症状的有限伸展 (P = 0.044) 、运动时的弹响 (P = 0.035) 和身体结果的屈曲挛缩 (P = 0.012) 是外周边缘不稳定的显著预测因子。负重MRI与仰卧位MRI的比较表明，脱位的盘状半月板显著移位，没有移位的中心 (P = 0.001)。使用负重MRI观察到盘状半月板移位与关节镜检查中存在周围缘不稳定之间的相关性 (P <0.001)。 结论: 根据患者的临床症状，结合负重MRI可以最佳地判断周边边缘不稳定。
METHODS::The ATP binding-cassette superfamily corresponds the mostly transmembrane transporters family found in humans. These proteins actively transport endogenous and exogenous substrates through biological membranes in body tissues, so they have an important role in the regulation of many physiological functions necessary for human homeostasis, as well as in response regulation to several pharmacological substrates. The development of multidrug resistance has become one of the main troubles in conventional chemotherapy in different illnesses including cancer, being the increased efflux of antineoplastic drugs the main reason for this multidrug resistance, with a key role of the ABC superfamily. Likely, the interindividual variability in the pharmacological response among patients is well known, and may be due to intrinsically factors of the disease, genetic and environmental ones. Thus, the understanding of this variability, especially the genetic variability associated with the efficacy and toxicity of drugs, can provide a safer and more effective pharmacological treatment, so ABC genes are considered as important regulators due to their relationship with the reduction in pharmacological response. In this review, updated information about transporters belonging to this superfamily was collected, the possible role of these transporters in cancer, the role of genetic variability in their genes, as well as some therapeutic tools that have been tried to raise against main transporters associated with chemoresistance in cancer.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Cholinergic neurotransmission regulates neuroinflammation in Parkinson disease (PD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:The authors conducted a delayed-start study of donepezil for cognitive decline in non-demented PD patients. The study consisted of a 96-week randomized placebo-controlled double-blind phase 1, followed by a 24-week donepezil extension phase 2. The primary outcome measure was a change in the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) at week 120. RESULTS:A total of 98 patients were randomly allocated to the early-start (donepezil-to-donepezil) and delayed-start (placebo-to-donepezil) groups. Mean (SD) of the baseline MMSE was 27.6 (2.0) and 28.0 (2.1), respectively. MMSE change at week 120 was better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group, but the difference was not significant. The MMSE declined in apolipoprotein ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and the factor interaction (intervention × ε4 genotype) was highly significant (P < 0.001). Analyzed with the interaction, the difference was significant (group difference 1.95 [0.33 to 3.57], P = 0.018). The MMSE decline slope in phase 1 was significantly better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group (P = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS:Cognitive function deteriorated in ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and early-start donepezil may postpone cognitive decline in the former.
METHODS::Since the discovery of dental pulp stem cells, a lot of teams have expressed an interest in dental pulp regeneration. Many approaches, experimental models and biological explorations have been developed, each including the use of stem cells and scaffolds with the final goal being clinical application in humans. In this review, the authors' objective was to compare the experimental models and strategies used for the development of biomaterials for tissue engineering of dental pulp with stem cells. Electronic queries were conducted on PubMed using the following terms: pulp regeneration, scaffold, stem cells, tissue engineering and biomaterial. The extracted data included the following information: the strategy envisaged, the type of stem cells, the experimental models, the exploration or analysis methods, the cytotoxicity or viability or proliferation cellular tests, the tests of scaffold antibacterial properties and take into account the vascularization of the regenerated dental pulp. From the 71 selected articles, 59% focused on the "cell-transplantation" strategy, 82% used in vitro experimentation, 58% in vivo animal models and only one described an in vivo in situ human clinical study. 87% used dental pulp stem cells. A majority of the studies reported histology (75%) and immunohistochemistry explorations (66%). 73% mentioned the use of cytotoxicity, proliferation or viability tests. 48% took vascularization into account but only 6% studied the antibacterial properties of the scaffolds. This article gives an overview of the methods used to regenerate dental pulp from stem cells and should help researchers create the best development strategies for research in this field.