CD44 inhibition attenuates EGFR signaling and enhances cisplatin sensitivity in human EGFR wild‑type non‑small‑cell lung cancer cells.

CD44 抑制减弱 EGFR 信号,增强人 EGFR 野生型非小细胞肺癌细胞对顺铂的敏感性。

  • 影响因子:2.91
  • DOI:10.3892/ijmm.2020.4562
  • 作者列表:"Yin J","Zhang H","Wu X","Zhang Y","Li J","Shen J","Zhao Y","Xiao Z","Lu L","Huang C","Zhang Z","Du F","Wu Y","Kaboli PJ","Cho CH","Yuan D","Li M
  • 发表时间:2020-04-01

:Cluster of differentiation 44 (CD44) as a transmembrane glycoprotein is found to be expressed in non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), is significantly associated with NSLC progression, metastasis and drug resistance. This study aimed to explore whether CD44 inhibition improves the sensitivity of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild‑type NSCLC cells to cisplatin and how it affects wild‑type EGFR in NSCLC cells. Small interfering RNA was used to knockdown CD44 expression in EGFR wild‑type NSCLC cell line H460. Results suggested that CD44 downregulation reduced cell growth, promoted G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and induced cell apoptosis in H460 cells and these effects were evidently enhanced when in combination with cisplatin. Deactivation of EGFR signaling pathway including EGFR phosphorylation and its downstream molecules, targets ERK, AKT1 and SRC which were also observed in CD44‑silenced H460 cells with or without EGF stimulation. Furthermore, the CD44 expression level was positively correlated with wild‑type EGFR level in human lung adenocarcinoma tissues and CD44 inhibition significantly accelerated the degradation of EGFR, indicating that enhanced sensitivity of H460 cells to cisplatin by downregulation of CD44 might be due to EGFR degradation. This study demonstrated that suppression of CD44 deactivated EGFR signals in NSCLC cells with wild‑type EGFR, thereby contributing to the inhibition of cell proliferation and the reinforcement of cisplatin sensitivity. It is suggested that downregulation of CD44 could be a novel potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of EGFR wild‑type NSCLC.


: 分化簇 44 (CD44) 作为一种跨膜糖蛋白被发现在非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC) 中表达,与 NSLC 进展、转移和耐药显著相关。本研究旨在探讨 CD44 抑制是否改善表皮生长因子受体 (EGFR) 野生型 NSCLC 细胞对顺铂的敏感性,以及它如何影响 NSCLC 细胞中的野生型 EGFR。使用小干扰 RNA 敲除 EGFR 野生型 NSCLC 细胞系 h460 中的 CD44 表达。结果表明,CD44 下调可减少 H460 细胞的生长,促进 G0/G1 期细胞周期阻滞,诱导细胞凋亡,与顺铂合用可明显增强其作用。EGFR 信号通路的失活,包括 EGFR 磷酸化及其下游分子,靶点 ERK 、 AKT1 和 SRC,无论是否有 EGF 刺激,在 CD44 ‑ 沉默的 H460 细胞中也观察到。此外,肺腺癌组织中 CD44 表达水平与野生型 EGFR 水平呈正相关,抑制 CD44 可显著加速 EGFR 的降解,表明通过下调 CD44 增强 H460 细胞对顺铂的敏感性可能是由于 EGFR 降解所致。本研究证明抑制 CD44 使野生型 EGFR NSCLC 细胞中的 EGFR 信号失活,从而有助于抑制细胞增殖和增强顺铂的敏感性。提示 CD44 的下调可能是治疗 EGFR 野生型 NSCLC 的一种新的潜在治疗策略。



作者列表:["Esme H","Can A","Şehitogullari A"]

METHODS:BACKGROUND:The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis. METHODS:A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. An enoxaparin-free group was identified and included 35 patients who received no enoxaparin prophylaxis after undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection between February 2013 and February 2016. We compared the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels, postoperative 3-day drainage volume, transfusion volume, pulmonary complications and length of stay between the two groups. RESULTS:No differences in postoperative Hb levels, chest drainage volume, transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and length of stay were observed between the two groups. Deep-vein thrombosis was noted in a patient in the enoxaparin-free group. No major bleeding was noted in either group. CONCLUSION:We found that for patients undergoing anatomic resection of primary lung cancer, the blood transfusion and chest drainage volumes did not differ, regardless of whether the patients were given enoxaparin. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of low-molecular-weight heparin on chest tube drainage volume for patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma has not been investigated before.

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来源期刊:Oncology letters
作者列表:["Das SK","Huang YY","Li B","Yu XX","Xiao RH","Yang HF"]

METHODS::The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of cryoablation (CA) and microwave ablation (MWA) as treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC treated with CA (n=45) or MWA (n=56) were enrolled in the present study. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) time and adverse events (AEs). The median PFS times between the two groups were not significantly different (P=0.36): CA, 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 7.5-12.4] vs. MWA, 11 months (95% CI, 9.5-12.4). The OS times between the two groups were also not significantly different (P=0.07): CA, 27.5 months (95% CI, 22.8-31.2 months) vs. MWA, 18 months (95% CI, 12.5-23.5). For larger tumors (>3 cm), patients treated with MWA had significantly longer median PFS (P=0.04; MWA, 10.5 months vs. CA, 7.0 months) and OS times (P=0.04; MWA, 24.5 months vs. CA, 14.5 months) compared patients treated with CA. However, for smaller tumors (≤3 cm), median PFS (P=0.79; MWA, 11.0 months vs. CA, 13.0 months) and OS times (P=0.39; MWA, 30.0 months vs. CA, 26.5 months) between the two groups did not differ significantly. The incidence rates of AEs were similar in the two groups (P>0.05). The number of applicators, tumor size and length of the lung traversed by applicators were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax and intra-pulmonary hemorrhage in the two groups. Treatment with CA resulted in significantly less intraprocedural pain compared with treatment with MWA (P=0.001). Overall, the present study demonstrated that CA and MWA were comparably safe and effective procedures for the treatment of small tumors. However, treatment with MWA was superior compared with CA for the treatment of large tumors.

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作者列表:["Mazieres J","Cropet C","Montané L","Barlesi F","Souquet PJ","Quantin X","Dubos-Arvis C","Otto J","Favier L","Avrillon V","Cadranel J","Moro-Sibilot D","Monnet I","Westeel V","Le Treut J","Brain E","Trédaniel J","Jaffro M","Collot S","Ferretti GR","Tiffon C","Mahier-Ait Oukhatar C","Blay JY"]

METHODS:BACKGROUND:BRAF mutations occurring in 1%-5% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are therapeutic targets for these cancers but the impact of the exact mutation on clinical activity is unclear. The French National Cancer Institute (INCA) launched the AcSé vemurafenib trial to assess the efficacy and safety of vemurafenib in cancers with various BRAF mutations. We herein report the results of the NSCLC cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Tumour samples were screened for BRAF mutations in INCA-certified molecular genetic centres. Patients with BRAF-mutated tumours progressing after ≥1 line of treatment were proposed vemurafenib 960 mg twice daily. Between October 2014 and July 2018, 118 patients were enrolled in the NSCLC cohort. The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR) assessed every 8 weeks (RECIST v1.1). A sequential Bayesian approach was planned with an inefficacy bound of 10% for ORR. If no early stopping occurred, the treatment was of interest if the estimated ORR was ≥30% with a 90% probability. Secondary outcomes were tolerance, response duration, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS:Of the 118 patients enrolled, 101 presented with a BRAFV600 mutation and 17 with BRAFnonV600 mutations; the median follow-up was 23.9 months. In the BRAFnonV600 cohort, no objective response was observed and this cohort was stopped. In the BRAFV600 cohort, 43/96 patients had objective responses. The mean Bayesian estimated success rate was 44.9% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 35.2%-54.8%]. The ORR had a 99.9% probability of being ≥30%. Median response duration was 6.4 months, median PFS was 5.2 months (95% CI 3.8-6.8), and OS was 10 months (95% CI 6.8-15.7). The vemurafenib safety profile was consistent with previous publications. CONCLUSION:Routine biomarker screening of NSCLC should include BRAFV600 mutations. Vemurafenib monotherapy is effective for treating patients with BRAFV600-mutated NSCLC but not those with BRAFnonV600 mutations. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02304809.

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