Talin1 regulates the endometrial epithelial cell adhesive capacity by interacting with LASP1 and Vitronectin.
Talin1 通过与 LASP1 和玻连蛋白相互作用调节子宫内膜上皮细胞粘附能力。
- 作者列表："Li J","Lin J","Yang Y","Chen S","Huang P","Jiang R","Tan Y","Huang Y","Mo L","Qin A
:The endometrium is a highly complex tissue that is vulnerable to subtle gene expression changes and is the first point of contact for an implanting blastocyst. Talin1 has previously been identified to regulate cytoskeleton and cell motility, however it has not been investigated in association with infertility. Herein, we presented that Talin1 dysregulation in the missed abortion endometrium would negatively influence endometrial adhesive capacity. Mechanistically, intracellular Talin1 inhibited the nuclear transportation of LIM and SH3 protein 1 (LASP1) and restored the expression of adhesion-associated protein. Moreover, extracellular Talin1 enforces endometrial epithelial cell adhesive capacity by interacting with Vitronectin (VTN) and activating the FAK/Src/ERK signalling pathway. This finding provides a novel insight into the potential use of Talin1 for managing endometrial epithelia cell adhesion. This study represents the first demonstration of Talin1 function in endometrial epithelial cell adhesion and endometrial receptivity. Our findings indicate that re-expression of Talin1 might represent a useful strategy for preventing and treating early pregnancy failure and infertility.
: 子宫内膜是一种高度复杂的组织，容易受到微妙的基因表达变化的影响，是植入囊胚的第一接触点。Talin1 以前已被确定调节细胞骨架和细胞运动，但尚未研究与不孕症的相关性。在此，我们提出稽留流产子宫内膜中 Talin1 失调会对子宫内膜粘附能力产生负面影响。机制上，细胞内 Talin1 抑制了 LIM 和 SH3 蛋白 1 (LASP1) 的核转运，恢复了粘附相关蛋白的表达。此外，细胞外 Talin1 通过与玻连蛋白 (VTN) 相互作用并激活 FAK/Src/ERK 信号通路来增强子宫内膜上皮细胞粘附能力。这一发现为 Talin1 用于管理子宫内膜上皮细胞粘附的潜在用途提供了新的见解。本研究首次证明了 Talin1 在子宫内膜上皮细胞粘附和子宫内膜容受性中的功能。我们的研究结果表明，Talin1 的重新表达可能是预防和治疗早期妊娠失败和不孕的有用策略。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) has a negative effect on the endometrial receptivity compared with natural menstrual cycle. Whether it's necessary to postpone the first frozen embryo transfer (FET) following a freeze-all strategy in order to avoid any residual effect on endometrial receptivity consequent to COS was inconclusive. OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this retrospective study was to explore whether the delayed FET improve the live birth rate and neonatal outcomes stratified by COS protocols after a freeze-all strategy. METHODS:A total of 4404 patients who underwent the first FET cycle were enrolled in this study between April 2014 to December 2017, and were divided into immediate (within the first menstrual cycle following withdrawal bleeding) or delayed FET (waiting for at least one menstrual cycle and the transferred embryos were cryopreserved for less than 6 months). Furthermore, each group was further divided into two subgroups according to COS protocols, and the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were analyzed between the immediate and delayed FET following the same COS protocol. RESULTS:When FET cycles following the same COS protocol, there was no significant difference regarding the rates of live birth, implantation, clinical pregnancy, multiple pregnancy, early miscarriage, premature birth and stillbirth between immediate and delayed FET groups. Similarly, no significant differences were found for the mean gestational age, the mean birth weight, and rates of low birth weight and very low birth weight between the immediate and delayed FET groups. The sex ratio (male/female) and the congenital anomalies rate also did not differ significantly between the two FET groups stratified by COS protocols. CONCLUSION:Regardless of COS protocols, FET could be performed immediately after a freeze-all strategy for delaying FET failed to improve reproductive and neonatal outcomes.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect of oral diosmin on the incidence and severity of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and explore the value of diosmin in preventing and treating OHSS. METHOD:A retrospective study of women attending a reproductive center in Guangzhou, China, between September and December 2016. The inclusion criterion was previous cancellation of embryo transfer after oocyte retrieval during IVF owing to a high risk of OHSS. The women were divided into two groups depending on whether they received oral diosmin (1000 mg twice daily for 10 days) after oocyte retrieval (diosmin group) or not (control group). Apart from diosmin, both groups underwent the same treatment. Baseline information and data related to OHSS were compared. RESULTS:Overall, 146 women were included: 74 in the diosmin group and 72 in the control group. The incidence of moderate-to-severe OHSS in the diosmin and control groups was 5/74 (6.2%) and 14/72 (13.4%), respectively (P=0.027). The control group included four cases of paracentesis due to ascites; there were no cases of paracentesis or severe OHSS in the diosmin group. CONCLUSION:Oral administration of diosmin effectively reduced both the incidence of moderate-to-severe OHSS and the severity of OHSS among high-risk women.
METHODS::Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) remains a clinical dilemma. Helium-Neon (He-Ne) laser irradiation has recently become more popular under certain clinical conditions. Given the unique therapeutic effects, we were interested in determining whether pretreatment with He-Ne laser irradiation prior to frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) would improve the microcirculation and cause the release of growth factors and cytokines, thus improving endometrial receptivity and the clinical pregnancy rates. Patients chose for themselves whether to proceed with (n = 29) or without (n = 31) pretreatment with He-Ne laser irradiation prior to FET. The clinical pregnancy rate (37.9%) and implantation rate (20.3%) were higher in the laser-treatment group than in the control group (35.5% and 15.9%, respectively, p = .844 and .518, respectively). The live birth rate was higher in the laser-treatment group (27.6% vs. 25.8%, respectively, p = .876) and the miscarriage rate was lower in the laser-treatment group (18.2% and 27.3%, respectively, p = .611). No side effects or complications from laser irradiation were encountered in patients who received the laser treatment. We concluded that pretreatment with He-Ne laser prior to FET may be an alternative choice for RIF-affected women; however, additional well-designed prospective studies are necessary to determine the precise clinical value of this treatment.