Targeting Clusterin Induces Apoptosis, Reduces Growth Ability and Invasion and Mediates Sensitivity to Chemotherapy in Human Osteosarcoma Cells.
- 作者列表："Wang X","Yu Y","Zang L","Zhang P","Ma J","Chen D
OBJECTIVE:The aim of the study was to investigate the expression of sCLU in relation to the clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with untreated High-Grade Osteosarcoma (HGOS) and to evaluate sCLU as a target for osteosarcoma (OS) therapies. METHODS:The expression of sCLU in 98 patients of HGOS enrolled from April 2005 to March 2015 at the affiliated hospital of Qingdao University was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The sCLU expression, clinical data and survival were compared. siRNA-mediated sCLU gene silencing on cell apoptosis, viability, invasion and chemosensitivity to doxorubicin in U2OS cells in vitro was evaluated. RESULTS:sCLU expression was found in 59 (60%) of the 98 patients. A positive correlation was observed between sCLU expression and metastatic disease (P = 0.036) and a negative correlation between sCLU expression and response to chemotherapy (P = 0.002). Targeting sCLU expression in U2OS cells induced significant reduction in cellular growth and higher rates of spontaneous endogenous apoptosis. In addition, targeting sCLU expression inhibited the invasion of U2OS cells. Furthermore, targeting sCLU expression significantly sensitized to chemotherapeutic drug, doxorubicin. CONCLUSION:The overexpression of sCLU was significantly correlated with metastasis and chemosensitivity in patients with HGOS. sCLU may be a promising therapeutic or chemopreventive target for human OS treatment.
目的: 本研究的目的是探讨sCLU的表达与未经治疗的高级别骨肉瘤 (HGOS) 患者的临床病理特征和预后的关系。并评价sCLU作为骨肉瘤 (OS) 治疗的靶点。 方法: 采用免疫组织化学方法检测青岛大学附属医院 2005 年 4 月至 2015 年 3 月收治的 98 例igos患者sCLU的表达。比较sCLU表达、临床资料和生存率。体外评价siRNA介导的sCLU基因沉默对U2OS细胞凋亡、活力、侵袭能力和阿霉素化疗敏感性的影响。 结果: 98 例患者中有 59 例 (60%) 存在sCLU表达。SCLU表达与转移性疾病呈正相关 (P = 0.036)，与化疗反应呈负相关 (P = 0.002)。靶向U2OS细胞中的sCLU表达诱导细胞生长显著减少，自发性内源性凋亡率较高。此外，靶向sCLU表达抑制U2OS细胞的侵袭。此外，靶向sCLU表达对化疗药物阿霉素显著致敏。 结论: sCLU的过度表达与胃癌患者的转移和化疗敏感性显著相关，sCLU可能是人类OS治疗的一个有前途的治疗或化学预防靶点。
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Large inoperable sacral chordomas show unsatisfactory local control rates even when treated with high dose proton therapy (PT). The aim of this study is assessing feasibility and reporting early results of patients treated with PT and concomitant hyperthermia (HT). METHODS: :Patients had histologically proven unresectable sacral chordomas and received 70 Gy (relative biological effectiveness) in 2.5 Gy fractions with concomitant weekly HT. Toxicity was assessed according to CTCAE_v4. A volumetric tumor response analysis was performed. RESULTS: :Five patients were treated with the combined approach. Median baseline tumor volume was 735 cc (range, 369-1142). All patients completed PT and received a median of 5 HT sessions (range, 2-6). Median follow-up was 18 months (range, 9-26). The volumetric analysis showed an objective response of all tumors (median shrinkage 46%; range, 9-72). All patients experienced acute Grade 2-3 local pain. One patient presented with a late Grade 3 iliac fracture. CONCLUSION:Combining PT and HT in large inoperable sacral chordomas is feasible and causes acceptable toxicity. Volumetric analysis shows promising early results, warranting confirmation in the framework of a prospective trial. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: :This is an encouraging first report of the feasibility and early results of concomitant HT and PT in treating inoperable sacral chordoma.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:National guidelines recommend screening and treatment for cancer-related bone disease and continued monitoring of bone-modifying agents. It is unclear whether a standardized screening tool is utilized to identify eligible patients and ensure appropriate supportive care is implemented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current prescribing practices and optimize management of bone-modifying agents. METHODS:A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who received hormone deprivation therapy or had bone metastases through Hematology/Oncology or Urology clinics from 1 November 2016 to 31 October 2017. The primary endpoints of this study were the incidence of completed baseline dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan for patients on hormone deprivation therapy and percent of patients started on a bone-modifying agent for the prevention of skeletal-related events secondary to bone metastasis. Secondary endpoints included percent of patients with dental examinations prior to initiation, adequate calcium and vitamin D supplementation, incidence of osteonecrosis of the jaw or flu-like symptoms and education, and percent of bisphosphonate doses appropriately adjusted based on renal function. RESULTS:A total of 375 patients were assessed for baseline DEXA scans and bone-modifying therapy. Of the 226 patients on hormone deprivation therapy, 111 (49%) patients were appropriately screened with a DEXA scan prior to initiation of hormone deprivation therapy. Among the 149 patients with bone metastases, only 94 (63.1%) patients were started on a bone-modifying agent. CONCLUSIONS:Opportunities have been identified to optimize management of patients with cancer-related bone disease. Implementation of standardized tools may increase the rate of appropriate screening and initiation of bone-modifying therapy when warranted.
METHODS:PURPOSE:Low skeletal muscle mass has been associated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced lung cancer. However, little is known about the relationship between skeletal muscle mass and overall survival in patients with bone metastases from lung cancer. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of low trunk muscle mass in predicting overall survival in these patients. METHODS:The data from 198 patients who were diagnosed with bone metastases from lung cancer from April 2009 to May 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The areas of the psoas and paravertebral muscles were measured at the level of the third lumbar vertebra on computed tomography scans taken at the time nearest to the diagnosis of bone metastasis. Muscle area was evaluated for male and female cohorts separately using different cutoff points. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to evaluate the factors independently associated with overall survival. RESULTS:The overall survival of patients in the lowest quartile for psoas muscle area or paravertebral muscle area was significantly shorter than that of patients above the 25th percentile for muscle area (p < 0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that paravertebral muscle mass (hazard ratio, 1.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-2.56; p = 0.006), epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapy, and performance status were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS:Low paravertebral muscle mass was associated with shorter survival, independently of known prognostic factors.