Does Radiotherapy with Surgery Improve Survival and Decrease Progression to Multiple Myeloma in Patients with Solitary Plasmacytoma of Bone of the Spine?
- 作者列表："Xie L","Wang H","Jiang J
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the outcomes of radiotherapy with or without surgery during treatment of patients with solitary plasmacytoma of bone (SBP) of the spine. METHODS:Patients diagnosed with SBP of the spine treated with radiotherapy with or without surgery were identified and extracted from the SEER database. Propensity score matched (PSM) analysis was performed to balance patient characteristics between radiotherapy alone and radiotherapy with surgery groups. Patients in different age-groups were stratified and analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 1275 patients with SBP of the spine treated with radiotherapy with or without surgery were extracted from the SEER database. Before PSM, the unadjusted Kaplan-Meier curve showed that the radiotherapy with surgery group had worse overall survival than did the radiotherapy without surgery group (both P < 0.05), whereas the difference of overall survival was attenuated after PSM. Stratified analysis found that the radiotherapy with surgery group had less progression to multiple myeloma for young patients (age <45 years) with SBP of the spine than did the radiotherapy without surgery group. CONCLUSIONS:The results of our study suggest that radiotherapy with surgery may show less progression to multiple myeloma for younger patients with SBP of the spine.
目的: 探讨脊柱孤立性浆细胞瘤 (SBP) 放射治疗加或不加手术治疗的疗效。 方法: 从SEER数据库中识别并提取经放疗加或不加手术治疗的脊柱SBP患者。进行倾向评分匹配 (PSM) 分析，以平衡单纯放疗和放疗与手术组之间的患者特征。对不同年龄组的患者进行分层分析。 结果: 从SEER数据库中提取了 1275 例接受放疗加或不加手术治疗的脊柱SBP患者。PSM前，未经校正的Kaplan-Meier曲线显示，放疗加手术组总生存期较放疗未手术组差 (均P <0.05)，而PSM后总生存期的差异减弱。分层分析发现，放疗加手术组伴脊柱SBP的年轻患者 (年龄 <45 岁) 比放疗不手术组向多发性骨髓瘤进展少。 结论: 我们的研究结果表明，对于年轻的脊柱SBP患者，放疗联合手术可能显示多发性骨髓瘤的进展较少。
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Large inoperable sacral chordomas show unsatisfactory local control rates even when treated with high dose proton therapy (PT). The aim of this study is assessing feasibility and reporting early results of patients treated with PT and concomitant hyperthermia (HT). METHODS: :Patients had histologically proven unresectable sacral chordomas and received 70 Gy (relative biological effectiveness) in 2.5 Gy fractions with concomitant weekly HT. Toxicity was assessed according to CTCAE_v4. A volumetric tumor response analysis was performed. RESULTS: :Five patients were treated with the combined approach. Median baseline tumor volume was 735 cc (range, 369-1142). All patients completed PT and received a median of 5 HT sessions (range, 2-6). Median follow-up was 18 months (range, 9-26). The volumetric analysis showed an objective response of all tumors (median shrinkage 46%; range, 9-72). All patients experienced acute Grade 2-3 local pain. One patient presented with a late Grade 3 iliac fracture. CONCLUSION:Combining PT and HT in large inoperable sacral chordomas is feasible and causes acceptable toxicity. Volumetric analysis shows promising early results, warranting confirmation in the framework of a prospective trial. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: :This is an encouraging first report of the feasibility and early results of concomitant HT and PT in treating inoperable sacral chordoma.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:National guidelines recommend screening and treatment for cancer-related bone disease and continued monitoring of bone-modifying agents. It is unclear whether a standardized screening tool is utilized to identify eligible patients and ensure appropriate supportive care is implemented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current prescribing practices and optimize management of bone-modifying agents. METHODS:A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who received hormone deprivation therapy or had bone metastases through Hematology/Oncology or Urology clinics from 1 November 2016 to 31 October 2017. The primary endpoints of this study were the incidence of completed baseline dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan for patients on hormone deprivation therapy and percent of patients started on a bone-modifying agent for the prevention of skeletal-related events secondary to bone metastasis. Secondary endpoints included percent of patients with dental examinations prior to initiation, adequate calcium and vitamin D supplementation, incidence of osteonecrosis of the jaw or flu-like symptoms and education, and percent of bisphosphonate doses appropriately adjusted based on renal function. RESULTS:A total of 375 patients were assessed for baseline DEXA scans and bone-modifying therapy. Of the 226 patients on hormone deprivation therapy, 111 (49%) patients were appropriately screened with a DEXA scan prior to initiation of hormone deprivation therapy. Among the 149 patients with bone metastases, only 94 (63.1%) patients were started on a bone-modifying agent. CONCLUSIONS:Opportunities have been identified to optimize management of patients with cancer-related bone disease. Implementation of standardized tools may increase the rate of appropriate screening and initiation of bone-modifying therapy when warranted.
METHODS:PURPOSE:Low skeletal muscle mass has been associated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced lung cancer. However, little is known about the relationship between skeletal muscle mass and overall survival in patients with bone metastases from lung cancer. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of low trunk muscle mass in predicting overall survival in these patients. METHODS:The data from 198 patients who were diagnosed with bone metastases from lung cancer from April 2009 to May 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The areas of the psoas and paravertebral muscles were measured at the level of the third lumbar vertebra on computed tomography scans taken at the time nearest to the diagnosis of bone metastasis. Muscle area was evaluated for male and female cohorts separately using different cutoff points. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to evaluate the factors independently associated with overall survival. RESULTS:The overall survival of patients in the lowest quartile for psoas muscle area or paravertebral muscle area was significantly shorter than that of patients above the 25th percentile for muscle area (p < 0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that paravertebral muscle mass (hazard ratio, 1.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-2.56; p = 0.006), epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapy, and performance status were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS:Low paravertebral muscle mass was associated with shorter survival, independently of known prognostic factors.