Management of bone metastasis with intravenous bisphosphonates in breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of dosing frequency.
- 作者列表："Yang M","Yu X
BACKGROUND:Bisphosphonates are wildly used in breast cancer patients with bone metastasis and generally administrated every 4 weeks to lessen the risk of subsequent skeletal-related events. Bisphosphonates administration every 12 weeks is also recommended in some guidelines. Recent clinical trials suggested that bisphosphonate treatment with reduced frequency (every 12 weeks) to be non-inferior to standard therapy. The object of this analysis was to contrast the efficacy and safety of these two treatment strategies. METHOD:We systematically retrieved databases such as MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library from 1947 to present for clinical trials comparing the efficacy between standard (every 4 weeks) and de-escalation (every 12 weeks) treatment of bisphosphates. RESULTS:We identified 4 articles with available data from 4 randomized clinical trials (n = 1721). Administration of bisphosphate every 12 weeks was non-inferior to administration every 4 weeks. There existed no significant difference in on-study skeletal-related events, renal dysfunction, and osteonecrosis of jaw. In the exploratory study, patients who received intravenous bisphosphates before enrollment experienced less on-study skeletal-related events and significant difference was observed between groups. CONCLUSION:This analysis suggested that de-escalation treatment with bisphosphates may be superior to standard treatment in terms of efficacy, safety, and economic costs. But it would be better that all the patients receive bisphosphates every 4 weeks for several months before de-escalation.
背景: 双膦酸盐广泛用于乳腺癌骨转移患者，通常每 4 周给药一次，以降低随后发生骨相关事件的风险。一些指南还建议每 12 周给予双膦酸盐。最近的临床试验表明，双膦酸盐治疗频率降低 (每 12 周) 非劣于标准治疗。本分析的目的是对比这两种治疗策略的疗效和安全性。 方法: 我们系统检索了来自 19 4 7 的MEDLINE、PubMed、Embase和Cochrane library等数据库，以进行比较标准 (每 4 周) 之间疗效的临床试验和降阶梯 (每 12 周) 双磷酸盐治疗。 结果: 我们从 4 项随机临床试验 (n = 1721) 中确定了 4 篇文献的可用数据。每 12 周给予双磷酸盐不劣于每 4 周给药。研究中骨相关事件、肾功能不全和颌骨坏死无显著差异。在探索性研究中，入组前接受静脉注射双磷酸盐的患者在研究中骨骼相关事件较少，观察到组间存在显著差异。 结论: 本分析提示双磷酸盐降阶梯治疗在疗效、安全性和经济成本方面可能优于标准治疗。但最好所有患者在降阶梯前几个月每 4 周接受一次双磷酸盐治疗。
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Large inoperable sacral chordomas show unsatisfactory local control rates even when treated with high dose proton therapy (PT). The aim of this study is assessing feasibility and reporting early results of patients treated with PT and concomitant hyperthermia (HT). METHODS: :Patients had histologically proven unresectable sacral chordomas and received 70 Gy (relative biological effectiveness) in 2.5 Gy fractions with concomitant weekly HT. Toxicity was assessed according to CTCAE_v4. A volumetric tumor response analysis was performed. RESULTS: :Five patients were treated with the combined approach. Median baseline tumor volume was 735 cc (range, 369-1142). All patients completed PT and received a median of 5 HT sessions (range, 2-6). Median follow-up was 18 months (range, 9-26). The volumetric analysis showed an objective response of all tumors (median shrinkage 46%; range, 9-72). All patients experienced acute Grade 2-3 local pain. One patient presented with a late Grade 3 iliac fracture. CONCLUSION:Combining PT and HT in large inoperable sacral chordomas is feasible and causes acceptable toxicity. Volumetric analysis shows promising early results, warranting confirmation in the framework of a prospective trial. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: :This is an encouraging first report of the feasibility and early results of concomitant HT and PT in treating inoperable sacral chordoma.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:National guidelines recommend screening and treatment for cancer-related bone disease and continued monitoring of bone-modifying agents. It is unclear whether a standardized screening tool is utilized to identify eligible patients and ensure appropriate supportive care is implemented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current prescribing practices and optimize management of bone-modifying agents. METHODS:A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who received hormone deprivation therapy or had bone metastases through Hematology/Oncology or Urology clinics from 1 November 2016 to 31 October 2017. The primary endpoints of this study were the incidence of completed baseline dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan for patients on hormone deprivation therapy and percent of patients started on a bone-modifying agent for the prevention of skeletal-related events secondary to bone metastasis. Secondary endpoints included percent of patients with dental examinations prior to initiation, adequate calcium and vitamin D supplementation, incidence of osteonecrosis of the jaw or flu-like symptoms and education, and percent of bisphosphonate doses appropriately adjusted based on renal function. RESULTS:A total of 375 patients were assessed for baseline DEXA scans and bone-modifying therapy. Of the 226 patients on hormone deprivation therapy, 111 (49%) patients were appropriately screened with a DEXA scan prior to initiation of hormone deprivation therapy. Among the 149 patients with bone metastases, only 94 (63.1%) patients were started on a bone-modifying agent. CONCLUSIONS:Opportunities have been identified to optimize management of patients with cancer-related bone disease. Implementation of standardized tools may increase the rate of appropriate screening and initiation of bone-modifying therapy when warranted.
METHODS:PURPOSE:Low skeletal muscle mass has been associated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced lung cancer. However, little is known about the relationship between skeletal muscle mass and overall survival in patients with bone metastases from lung cancer. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of low trunk muscle mass in predicting overall survival in these patients. METHODS:The data from 198 patients who were diagnosed with bone metastases from lung cancer from April 2009 to May 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The areas of the psoas and paravertebral muscles were measured at the level of the third lumbar vertebra on computed tomography scans taken at the time nearest to the diagnosis of bone metastasis. Muscle area was evaluated for male and female cohorts separately using different cutoff points. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to evaluate the factors independently associated with overall survival. RESULTS:The overall survival of patients in the lowest quartile for psoas muscle area or paravertebral muscle area was significantly shorter than that of patients above the 25th percentile for muscle area (p < 0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that paravertebral muscle mass (hazard ratio, 1.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-2.56; p = 0.006), epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapy, and performance status were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS:Low paravertebral muscle mass was associated with shorter survival, independently of known prognostic factors.