GRM4 inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of human osteosarcoma cells through interaction with CBX4.

GRM4 通过与cbx4 相互作用抑制人骨肉瘤细胞的增殖、迁移和侵袭。

  • 影响因子:1.37
  • DOI:10.1080/09168451.2019.1673147
  • 作者列表:"Zhang Z","Li N","Wei X","Chen B","Zhang Y","Zhao Y","Hu X","Hou S
  • 发表时间:2020-02-01

:In recent years, the survey of metabolic glutamate receptor 4 (GRM4) in tumor biology has been gradually concerned. There are currently few studies on GRM4 in osteosarcoma, and the biological function is not clear. Analysis of TCGA database showed that there was no substantial deviation in the expression of GRM4 between osteosarcoma and normal tissues. In the subsequent experiments, there is no significant difference in either mRNA or protein levels among immortalized human osteoblasts and various osteosarcoma cells. With the overexpression of GRM4, cell proliferation, migration and invasion were inhibited obviously. It was further revealed that GRM4 can interact with CBX4 to restrict the nuclear localization of CBX4 and affect the transcriptional activity of HIF-1α. This is the evidence supporting the interaction between GRM4 and CBX4, which could inhibit the malignant behavior of osteosarcoma cells through the GRM4/CBX4/HIF-1α signaling pathway.


: 近年来,代谢型谷氨酸受体 4 (GRM4) 在肿瘤生物学中的研究逐渐受到关注。目前关于GRM4 在骨肉瘤中的研究较少,生物学功能尚不明确。TCGA数据库分析显示,骨肉瘤与正常组织中GRM4 的表达无实质性偏差。在随后的实验中,永生化人成骨细胞和各种骨肉瘤细胞的mRNA或蛋白水平均无显著差异。随着GRM4 的过表达,细胞增殖、迁移和侵袭能力受到明显抑制。进一步揭示了GRM4 可与CBX4 相互作用,限制CBX4 的核定位,影响hif-1 α 的转录活性。这是支持GRM4 与CBX4 相互作用的证据,可通过GRM4/CBX4/hif-1 α 信号通路抑制骨肉瘤细胞的恶性行为。

关键词: CBX4 GRM4 Hif-1 α 骨肉瘤


作者列表:["Tran S","Puric E","Walser M","Poel R","Datta NR","Heuberger J","Pica A","Marder D","Lomax N","Bolsi A","Morach P","Bachtiary B","Seddon BM","Schneider R","Bodis S","Weber DC"]

METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Large inoperable sacral chordomas show unsatisfactory local control rates even when treated with high dose proton therapy (PT). The aim of this study is assessing feasibility and reporting early results of patients treated with PT and concomitant hyperthermia (HT). METHODS: :Patients had histologically proven unresectable sacral chordomas and received 70 Gy (relative biological effectiveness) in 2.5 Gy fractions with concomitant weekly HT. Toxicity was assessed according to CTCAE_v4. A volumetric tumor response analysis was performed. RESULTS: :Five patients were treated with the combined approach. Median baseline tumor volume was 735 cc (range, 369-1142). All patients completed PT and received a median of 5 HT sessions (range, 2-6). Median follow-up was 18 months (range, 9-26). The volumetric analysis showed an objective response of all tumors (median shrinkage 46%; range, 9-72). All patients experienced acute Grade 2-3 local pain. One patient presented with a late Grade 3 iliac fracture. CONCLUSION:Combining PT and HT in large inoperable sacral chordomas is feasible and causes acceptable toxicity. Volumetric analysis shows promising early results, warranting confirmation in the framework of a prospective trial. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: :This is an encouraging first report of the feasibility and early results of concomitant HT and PT in treating inoperable sacral chordoma.

关键词: 暂无
翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
作者列表:["Gyori DJ","Bullington SM","Crawford BS","Vernon VP"]

METHODS:BACKGROUND:National guidelines recommend screening and treatment for cancer-related bone disease and continued monitoring of bone-modifying agents. It is unclear whether a standardized screening tool is utilized to identify eligible patients and ensure appropriate supportive care is implemented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current prescribing practices and optimize management of bone-modifying agents. METHODS:A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who received hormone deprivation therapy or had bone metastases through Hematology/Oncology or Urology clinics from 1 November 2016 to 31 October 2017. The primary endpoints of this study were the incidence of completed baseline dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan for patients on hormone deprivation therapy and percent of patients started on a bone-modifying agent for the prevention of skeletal-related events secondary to bone metastasis. Secondary endpoints included percent of patients with dental examinations prior to initiation, adequate calcium and vitamin D supplementation, incidence of osteonecrosis of the jaw or flu-like symptoms and education, and percent of bisphosphonate doses appropriately adjusted based on renal function. RESULTS:A total of 375 patients were assessed for baseline DEXA scans and bone-modifying therapy. Of the 226 patients on hormone deprivation therapy, 111 (49%) patients were appropriately screened with a DEXA scan prior to initiation of hormone deprivation therapy. Among the 149 patients with bone metastases, only 94 (63.1%) patients were started on a bone-modifying agent. CONCLUSIONS:Opportunities have been identified to optimize management of patients with cancer-related bone disease. Implementation of standardized tools may increase the rate of appropriate screening and initiation of bone-modifying therapy when warranted.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
作者列表:["Dohzono S","Sasaoka R","Takamatsu K","Hoshino M","Nakamura H"]

METHODS:PURPOSE:Low skeletal muscle mass has been associated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced lung cancer. However, little is known about the relationship between skeletal muscle mass and overall survival in patients with bone metastases from lung cancer. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of low trunk muscle mass in predicting overall survival in these patients. METHODS:The data from 198 patients who were diagnosed with bone metastases from lung cancer from April 2009 to May 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The areas of the psoas and paravertebral muscles were measured at the level of the third lumbar vertebra on computed tomography scans taken at the time nearest to the diagnosis of bone metastasis. Muscle area was evaluated for male and female cohorts separately using different cutoff points. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to evaluate the factors independently associated with overall survival. RESULTS:The overall survival of patients in the lowest quartile for psoas muscle area or paravertebral muscle area was significantly shorter than that of patients above the 25th percentile for muscle area (p < 0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that paravertebral muscle mass (hazard ratio, 1.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-2.56; p = 0.006), epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapy, and performance status were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS:Low paravertebral muscle mass was associated with shorter survival, independently of known prognostic factors.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献