Combined Atezolizumab and Chemotherapy for a Patient With Double Primary Cancers.
联合Atezolizumab和化疗治疗 1 例双原发癌患者。
- 作者列表："Okauchi S","Sasatani Y","Ohara G","Kagohashi K","Satoh H
BACKGROUND:Immune checkpoint inhibitors are indicated for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and head and neck cancer, and combined treatment of immune checkpoint inhibitor and chemotherapy has recently been carried out in patients with NSCLC. However, there is no established standard therapy for synchronous locally advanced or metastatic cancers of lung and nasopharynx. CASE REPORT:We report a case of a metastatic lung adenocarcinoma and locally advanced epipharyngeal carcinoma successfully treated with chemotherapy and immune checkpoint inhibitor, paclitaxel, carboplatin, bevacizumab and atezolizumab. The tumor proportion score of programmed death ligand 1 was 5-10% and 70-80% for metastatic lung adenocarcinoma and locally advanced epipharyngeal carcinoma, respectively. Shrinkage of both carcinomas was confirmed, and the treatment effect was judged to be a partial response. CONCLUSION:This was the first patient who was treated with this combination treatment. Our clinical experience suggests that this treatment could be one of the options for patients with these advanced cancers and an overall good clinical condition.
背景: 免疫检查点抑制剂用于非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC) 和头颈部癌，最近，免疫检查点抑制剂和化疗联合治疗NSCLC患者。然而，对于肺和鼻咽的同步局部晚期或转移性癌症，尚无既定的标准疗法。 病例报告: 我们报告 1 例转移性肺腺癌和局部晚期上咽癌成功接受化疗和免疫检查点抑制剂、紫杉醇、卡铂、贝伐单抗和atezolizumab治疗。程序性死亡配体 1 的肿瘤比例评分为 5-10%，转移性肺腺癌和局部晚期上咽癌分别为 70-80%。两种癌的缩小被证实，治疗效果被判断为部分缓解。 结论: 这是第一例采用这种联合治疗的患者。我们的临床经验表明，这种治疗可能是这些晚期癌症患者和总体良好临床状况的选择之一。
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Large inoperable sacral chordomas show unsatisfactory local control rates even when treated with high dose proton therapy (PT). The aim of this study is assessing feasibility and reporting early results of patients treated with PT and concomitant hyperthermia (HT). METHODS: :Patients had histologically proven unresectable sacral chordomas and received 70 Gy (relative biological effectiveness) in 2.5 Gy fractions with concomitant weekly HT. Toxicity was assessed according to CTCAE_v4. A volumetric tumor response analysis was performed. RESULTS: :Five patients were treated with the combined approach. Median baseline tumor volume was 735 cc (range, 369-1142). All patients completed PT and received a median of 5 HT sessions (range, 2-6). Median follow-up was 18 months (range, 9-26). The volumetric analysis showed an objective response of all tumors (median shrinkage 46%; range, 9-72). All patients experienced acute Grade 2-3 local pain. One patient presented with a late Grade 3 iliac fracture. CONCLUSION:Combining PT and HT in large inoperable sacral chordomas is feasible and causes acceptable toxicity. Volumetric analysis shows promising early results, warranting confirmation in the framework of a prospective trial. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: :This is an encouraging first report of the feasibility and early results of concomitant HT and PT in treating inoperable sacral chordoma.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:National guidelines recommend screening and treatment for cancer-related bone disease and continued monitoring of bone-modifying agents. It is unclear whether a standardized screening tool is utilized to identify eligible patients and ensure appropriate supportive care is implemented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current prescribing practices and optimize management of bone-modifying agents. METHODS:A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who received hormone deprivation therapy or had bone metastases through Hematology/Oncology or Urology clinics from 1 November 2016 to 31 October 2017. The primary endpoints of this study were the incidence of completed baseline dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan for patients on hormone deprivation therapy and percent of patients started on a bone-modifying agent for the prevention of skeletal-related events secondary to bone metastasis. Secondary endpoints included percent of patients with dental examinations prior to initiation, adequate calcium and vitamin D supplementation, incidence of osteonecrosis of the jaw or flu-like symptoms and education, and percent of bisphosphonate doses appropriately adjusted based on renal function. RESULTS:A total of 375 patients were assessed for baseline DEXA scans and bone-modifying therapy. Of the 226 patients on hormone deprivation therapy, 111 (49%) patients were appropriately screened with a DEXA scan prior to initiation of hormone deprivation therapy. Among the 149 patients with bone metastases, only 94 (63.1%) patients were started on a bone-modifying agent. CONCLUSIONS:Opportunities have been identified to optimize management of patients with cancer-related bone disease. Implementation of standardized tools may increase the rate of appropriate screening and initiation of bone-modifying therapy when warranted.
METHODS:PURPOSE:Low skeletal muscle mass has been associated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced lung cancer. However, little is known about the relationship between skeletal muscle mass and overall survival in patients with bone metastases from lung cancer. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of low trunk muscle mass in predicting overall survival in these patients. METHODS:The data from 198 patients who were diagnosed with bone metastases from lung cancer from April 2009 to May 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The areas of the psoas and paravertebral muscles were measured at the level of the third lumbar vertebra on computed tomography scans taken at the time nearest to the diagnosis of bone metastasis. Muscle area was evaluated for male and female cohorts separately using different cutoff points. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to evaluate the factors independently associated with overall survival. RESULTS:The overall survival of patients in the lowest quartile for psoas muscle area or paravertebral muscle area was significantly shorter than that of patients above the 25th percentile for muscle area (p < 0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that paravertebral muscle mass (hazard ratio, 1.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-2.56; p = 0.006), epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapy, and performance status were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS:Low paravertebral muscle mass was associated with shorter survival, independently of known prognostic factors.