Downregulation of lncRNA SNHG12 reversed IGF1R-induced osteosarcoma metastasis and proliferation by targeting miR-195-5p.
LncRNA SNHG12 的下调通过靶向IGF1R-induced逆转miR-195-5p骨肉瘤转移和增殖。
- 作者列表："Xu N","Xu J","Zuo Z","Liu Y","Yan F","Han C
:Long non-coding RNA SNHG12 (lncSNHG12) plays important roles in the onset and progression of various cancers. However, the role of lncSNHG12 in osteosarcoma (OS) remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the function of lncSNHG12 in OS. A bioinformatics website was used to predict the downstream targets of lncSNHG12. In addition, qRT-PCR was employed to assess lncSNHG12 expression in OS cells. Cell migration and proliferation in vitro were verified using the transwell migration, clone formation, and CCK8 assays. Tumor metastasis and xenograft formation were monitored in nude mice with or without downregulation of lncSNHG12. The results show that lncSNHG12 was upregulated in OS cell lines. Downregulation lncSNHG12 suppressed the metastasis and proliferation both in vitro and in vivo. Also, lncSNHG12 downregulation suppressed the expression of insulin growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) expression through sponging miR-195-5p, which was verified with the luciferase reporter assay and rescue experiments. These findings suggest that downregulation of lncSNHG12 may suppress aggressive OS phenotypes. Moreover, lncSNHG12 silencing inhibited OS metastasis and growth by targeting the miR-195-5p/IGF1R axis, which represents a candidate marker and target for OS treatment and management.
: 长链非编码RNA SNHG12 (lncSNHG12) 在多种癌症的发生和发展中起重要作用。然而，lncSNHG12 在骨肉瘤 (OS) 中的作用仍不清楚。因此，本研究的目的是确定lncSNHG12 在OS中的功能。使用生物信息学网站预测lncsnhg12 的下游靶点。此外，采用qRT-PCR评估OS细胞中lncSNHG12 的表达。使用transwell迁移、克隆形成和CCK8 试验验证体外细胞迁移和增殖。在有或无lncsnhg12 下调的裸鼠中监测肿瘤转移和异种移植形成。结果表明，lncSNHG12 在OS细胞系中表达上调。下调lncSNHG12 可抑制体内外转移和增殖。此外，lncSNHG12 通过海绵miR-195-5p下调胰岛素生长因子 1 受体 (IGF1R) 的表达，这通过荧光素酶报告基因检测和拯救实验得到验证。这些发现表明lncSNHG12 的下调可能抑制侵袭性OS表型。此外，lncSNHG12 沉默通过靶向miR-195-5p/IGF1R轴抑制OS转移和生长，该轴代表了OS治疗和管理的候选标记和靶点。
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:Large inoperable sacral chordomas show unsatisfactory local control rates even when treated with high dose proton therapy (PT). The aim of this study is assessing feasibility and reporting early results of patients treated with PT and concomitant hyperthermia (HT). METHODS: :Patients had histologically proven unresectable sacral chordomas and received 70 Gy (relative biological effectiveness) in 2.5 Gy fractions with concomitant weekly HT. Toxicity was assessed according to CTCAE_v4. A volumetric tumor response analysis was performed. RESULTS: :Five patients were treated with the combined approach. Median baseline tumor volume was 735 cc (range, 369-1142). All patients completed PT and received a median of 5 HT sessions (range, 2-6). Median follow-up was 18 months (range, 9-26). The volumetric analysis showed an objective response of all tumors (median shrinkage 46%; range, 9-72). All patients experienced acute Grade 2-3 local pain. One patient presented with a late Grade 3 iliac fracture. CONCLUSION:Combining PT and HT in large inoperable sacral chordomas is feasible and causes acceptable toxicity. Volumetric analysis shows promising early results, warranting confirmation in the framework of a prospective trial. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: :This is an encouraging first report of the feasibility and early results of concomitant HT and PT in treating inoperable sacral chordoma.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:National guidelines recommend screening and treatment for cancer-related bone disease and continued monitoring of bone-modifying agents. It is unclear whether a standardized screening tool is utilized to identify eligible patients and ensure appropriate supportive care is implemented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current prescribing practices and optimize management of bone-modifying agents. METHODS:A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who received hormone deprivation therapy or had bone metastases through Hematology/Oncology or Urology clinics from 1 November 2016 to 31 October 2017. The primary endpoints of this study were the incidence of completed baseline dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan for patients on hormone deprivation therapy and percent of patients started on a bone-modifying agent for the prevention of skeletal-related events secondary to bone metastasis. Secondary endpoints included percent of patients with dental examinations prior to initiation, adequate calcium and vitamin D supplementation, incidence of osteonecrosis of the jaw or flu-like symptoms and education, and percent of bisphosphonate doses appropriately adjusted based on renal function. RESULTS:A total of 375 patients were assessed for baseline DEXA scans and bone-modifying therapy. Of the 226 patients on hormone deprivation therapy, 111 (49%) patients were appropriately screened with a DEXA scan prior to initiation of hormone deprivation therapy. Among the 149 patients with bone metastases, only 94 (63.1%) patients were started on a bone-modifying agent. CONCLUSIONS:Opportunities have been identified to optimize management of patients with cancer-related bone disease. Implementation of standardized tools may increase the rate of appropriate screening and initiation of bone-modifying therapy when warranted.
METHODS:PURPOSE:Low skeletal muscle mass has been associated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced lung cancer. However, little is known about the relationship between skeletal muscle mass and overall survival in patients with bone metastases from lung cancer. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of low trunk muscle mass in predicting overall survival in these patients. METHODS:The data from 198 patients who were diagnosed with bone metastases from lung cancer from April 2009 to May 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The areas of the psoas and paravertebral muscles were measured at the level of the third lumbar vertebra on computed tomography scans taken at the time nearest to the diagnosis of bone metastasis. Muscle area was evaluated for male and female cohorts separately using different cutoff points. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to evaluate the factors independently associated with overall survival. RESULTS:The overall survival of patients in the lowest quartile for psoas muscle area or paravertebral muscle area was significantly shorter than that of patients above the 25th percentile for muscle area (p < 0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that paravertebral muscle mass (hazard ratio, 1.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-2.56; p = 0.006), epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapy, and performance status were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS:Low paravertebral muscle mass was associated with shorter survival, independently of known prognostic factors.